Through research on how animals communicate, I can explain how sound vibrations are carried by waves through air, water and other media.

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· Discusses and demonstrates through experiments how sound travels differently through air, water and solids.

· Explains how hearing is limited by a range of factors, for example, age, position, and flexibility (direction) of ears.

'How To' video for Soundwaves

This video covers the key points when teaching children about sound waves including common misconceptions and practical ways to demonstrate correct concepts.

Angus Council Repacked Outcomes, Medium Term Plan for Light & Sound

2 Light sound.doc

Larbert Cluster Sound PowerPoint & Accompanying Resources

Sound second level.pptx
Additional information on the human ear.docx
Ear Structure Pupil Sheet.docx
Parts of the Ear Function Card Sort.docx
Ear Structure Teacher Sheet.docx

Institute of Physics

BBC Bitesize Class Clips Sound

STEM Central Sound Resource Pack

Communicating Through Sound


Understanding Sound Worksheet

Can be used to identify the mental model pupils are currently using to understand how sound travels. The common misconception is that 'sound' travels from the noise making object, through the air like a basketball and into the listening ear. Can also be used as a pre and post assessment, identifying how the child's understanding of how sound travels has changed.

Understanding Sound picture assessment.docx

Education Scotland IDL Resource Pack

This IDL topic is based about the French speaking African country of Gabon. Contains activities, lesson plans, assessment ideas and teacher information.

How to make a wave machine in your classroom!

For a primary classroom the key learning from this activity is that sound is produced when an object vibrates. When an object vibrates it in turn causes the air molecules surrounding it to vibrate, these vibrations spreads out in all directions like a ripple in a pond. A key point to note is that the individual molecules are not travelling from the vibrating object (the drum for example) to our ears, but rather there is a wave or domino effect as the vibrations travel.

In the wave machine shown in this video children can clearly see that the individual Jelly Babies do not travel from one end of the machine to the other, however, they can see the vibration of one Jelly Baby pass to the next and so on creating a wave.

(Please note, you will need to create an account to view this video. However, this is free to do.)

The Singing Glass Experiment

Institute of Physics

STEM Central Sound Resource Pack

Sound Applications


STEM Central Sound Resource Pack

What's That Sound?


American Chemical Society

Sound Vibrations

American Chemical Society

Pitch Switcher

Hamilton Trust Resources: Listen Up!