By investigating how friction, including air resistance, affects motion, I can suggest ways to improve efficiency in moving objects.

SCN 2-07a


· Describes friction as a force which opposes the motion of moving objects, for example, two solid surfaces rubbing against one another or a solid surface moving through air or water.

· Finds an association between air resistance (drag), the speed of the object being investigated and the surface area exposed to the air, making links to original predictions.

· Demonstrates understanding of how friction and air resistance can both be useful, for example, in braking systems, and also a problem, for example, causing moving parts to wear.

· Describes efficient movement as that which requires the least possible energy and suggests ways to improve efficiency in moving objects, for example, by streamlining.

Angus Council Teacher's Notes for Forces

forces teacher note.doc

Angus Council Key Ideas and Common Misunderstandings

key ideas and misunderstandings.doc

Understanding Friction at Second Level

Investigating Friction

Exploring Surface Area, Friction & Air Resistance

Angus Council Repacked Outcomes Medium Term Plan

2 forces.doc

Concept Cartoons

Friction and Air Resistance Concept Cartoons.docx

Friction Cones Worksheet

friction cones.docx

Larbert Cluster Friction PowerPoint


Paper Planes Handout for Powerpoint

Paper planes.doc

Science Max

CD Hovercraft

This activity demonstrates what happens when we reduce the level of friction and object experiences.

Without the air the CD experiences a higher level of friction and doesn't move far when pushed.

When the air is released from the balloon it creates a layer of air between the CD and the surface reducing friction, as a result the CD can travel far further.

Note that bottle lids can be attached with blue-tac rather than super glue.

Hamilton Trust Resources: Welcome to Force-Land

BP Education Forces Topic Starter

Lots of activities and resources

Friction Demonstration

Centre for Industry Education Collaboration: Feel the Force

STEM Learning: Mission to the Moon Activity 3-Lift Off

BP Resources: Air Resistance Online Experiment

Please note you will need to register to access this resource. However, this is free to do.