References

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General References Used Throughout this Website:

  • J. Carter Harris, The Clock and Watch Makers American Advertiser, Sussex, UK, Antiquarian Horological Society, 2003

  • Philip Priestley, Early Watch Case Makers of England 1631– 1720, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin Special Order Supplement No. 3 (2000)

  • Philip Priestley, British Watchcase Gold & Silver Marks 1670 to 1970, National Association of Watch & Clock Collectors, 2018

  • Spittlers and Bailey, Clockmakers and Watchmakers of America by Name and by Place, Columbia, PA., National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors, 2011

Additional References and Recommended Reading:

  • David Cooper, John Cairns (1751-1809) and Other Early American Watchmakers, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin, No. 336 (February, 2002), pp. 26-38

  • Theodore Crom, Horological Shop Tools 1700 to 1900, Gainesville, Florida, Storter Printing, 1980

  • Michael Edidin, A History of Watchmaking by the Tobias Family of London and Liverpool, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin, October & December, 1992

  • James Gibbs, Who Was America's First Watchmaker, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin, No. 185 (December, 1976), pp. 556-565

  • R.J. Griffiths, The Early Watchmakers of Toxteth Park Near Liverpool, Antiquarian Horology, Vol. 27 (2002), pp. 163-178

  • J. R. Harris, Liverpool and Merseyside, Frank Cass & Co. LTD, 1969

  • Michael Harrold, Why Boston During the 1850's? - From Willard Clocks to Industrial Watches, Boston: Cradle of American Watchmaking, NAWCC Special Supplement No.5, NAWCC, Columbia, PA, 2002, pp. 30-35

  • Frank Hohmann III, Timeless, Masterpiece American Brass Dial Clocks, Hohmann Holdings LLC, New York, 2009

  • Catherine Hollan, Philadelphia Silversmiths and Related Artisans to 1861, Hollan Press, Missouri, 2013

  • Catherine Hollan, Virginia Silversmiths, Jewelers, Clock- and Watchmakers, 1607-1860, Their Lives and Marks, Hollan Press, Missouri, 2010

  • Penrose Hoopes, Shop Records of Daniel Burnap Clockmaker, Connecticut Historical Society, 1958

  • Dr. Robert Kemp, Watch Movement Making in Prescot, Antiquarian Horology, Vol. 13 (1981), pp. 77-81

  • Dr. Robert Kemp, The Fusee Lever Watch, John Sherratt and Son Ltd., 1981

  • Richard Newman, Colonial and Early American Watchmakers, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin, No. 389 (December, 2010), pp. 692-706

  • Richard Newman, The Anglo-American Watch Trade, CLOCKS Magazine, February 2011, Edinburgh, UK

  • Richard Newman, New York Colonial Watchmaker John Wright and the Discovery of America's Oldest Watch, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin, No. 408 (March/April, 2014), pp. 115-126

  • Richard Newman, Allen Richardson, Richard Watkins, Samuel G. Jones of Baltimore, Edward Massey, and the Market for English Watches Abroad, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin, No. 428 (July/Augustl, 2017), pp. 326-332

  • Richard Newman, Robert Leslie, The Greatest American Watch and Clock Maker Every Forgotten, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin, No. 431 (January/February 2018), pp. 69-88, and No. 432 (March/April 2018), pp. 149-163

  • Russ Oechsle, North American Watches Repaired by Jedediah Baldwin 1793-1804, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin, No. 245 (December 1986), pp. 488-489 and No. 261 (August 1989), pp. 346-347

  • Abraham Reese, Rees’s Clocks Watches and Chronometers (1819-20), Rutland, VT, Charles E. Tuttle Company, 1970, p. 281

  • Alan Smith, An Early 18th Century Watchmaker’s Notebook, Richard Wright of Cronton and the Lancashire-London Connection, Antiquarian Horology Vol. 15/6, 1985, pp. 605-625; this article discusses a rare surviving day book for an early 18th century English supplier of watches and rough movements

  • The Adverts 250 Project: The Adverts 250 Project (last accessed 2/2019)

  • A. A. Treherne, The Contribution of South-West Lancashire to Horology, Antiquarian Horology, Vol. 31 (2011), pp. 457-476

  • Frank Tyrer, Richard Blundell in Virginia and Maryland, The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 68 (October, 1960), pp 429-447; this article analyzes a rare collection of letters that describes the importation of a wide range of English goods to America (including a single watch) by a Liverpool merchant

  • William Erik Voss, Silversmiths & Related Craftsmen~silversmiths/makers/silversmiths

  • Leonard Weiss, Watch-Making In England 1760-1820, London, Robert Hale, 1982

  • John Wyke, A Catalogue of Tools for Watch and Clock Makers by John Wyke, Winterthur Museum Library publication in 1978; this is a reprint of an 18th century catalog with modern commentary

Recommended Publications on American Watch Papers:

  • Charles Aked, Watch Papers, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin, April 1999. PP 225-226

  • Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin, Connecticut Watch Papers, Vol 21, No. 3, July 1956. PP 79-87

  • Douglas Caulkins, Collecting Watchpapers, Clocks Magazine, September, 2001, UK

  • Theodore Crom, The First Watch Papers, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin, October, 1998

  • Robert Emlen, A Close Look at the Trade Card of Christopher Townsend, Jr., Rhode Island History, Rhode Island Historical Society 40, no. 1, (February 1981), pp. 616-617

  • Robert Emlen, Christopher Townsend Jr.'s Watch Paper, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin, No. 221 (December, 1982), pp. 26-38

  • Donald Fennimore and Frank Hohmann III, Claggett, Newport's Illustrious Clockmakers, Hohmann Holdings LLC, 2018, pp. 114-116

  • Harrold Gillingham, Watch Papers, The Magazine Antiques, Vol. XXVIII, No. 2, August, 1935. PP 66-67

  • Robert Green, American Watch Papers, The Magazine Silver, Vol. X, No. 1, January-February, 1977. PP 6-8

  • Robert Green, New England Watch Papers, The Magazine Silver, Vol. XIII, No. 6, November-December, 1980. PP 12-14

  • Amelia MacSwiggan Rawding, Watch Papers, Rare Today, Spinning Wheel, A National Magazine About Antiques, Vol. XIV, No. 11, November 1958. PP 24, 27

  • Hudson Moore, The Old Clock Book, Tudor Publishing, 1911. PP 34-36

  • Richard Newman, Washington Commemorative Perpetual Calendar Watch Paper, Maine Antique Digest, Aug, 2012

  • Richard Newman, Watch Papers Hidden Treasures, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin, Sept/Oct, 2013

  • Dorothea E. Spear, American Watch Papers With a Descriptive List of the Collection in the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass, 1952


Acknowledgments: Special thanks to a number of NAWCC colleagues who have provided information and photographs of their timepieces for this website and desire to remain anonymous.

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