LD case structure

Understanding case structure is necessary for doing well in debate. Here is an outline of a LD case and an outline of an argument.

LD case:

  • Opening (hook) -- get audiences' attention
    • State resolution
  • Definitions -- Only define important terms
  • Resolutional Analysts Points (ResA) -- Clarify the resolution
  • Value -- The weighing mechanism
    • Definition
    • Reasons to prefer (R2P) -- Why your value best
    • Criterion -- How to achieve your value
  • Points(s) -- Prove your side achieves the value/other side doesn't
    • Sub points (if applicable)
    • Applications -- Examples
  • Closing

How to structure an argument/points:

Claim -- What you are trying to prove

Warrant -- How you prove it

Impact -- Why it matters

Example of a point:

Preemptive warfare warfare saves lives. (Claim)

Application Six Day War.

In 1967, the Arab collation, comprised of Egypt, Syria, and Jordan as well as forces from Iraq, sat on the Israeli boarder, poised for attack. In the weeks leading up to the Six Day War, Egyptian president, Nasser, had blockaded the Straits of Tiran, one of Israel's main water ways, kicked UN peacekeeping troops out of the area, and called for the complete destruction of Israel. Hemmed in by a superior number of troops, Israel's leaders had a hard decision to make. If they waited for the Arab troop's imminent attack, Israel would no doubt suffer many lives lost and much damage to the small country. The other option was to preemptively attack the Arab forces, which is what Israel ultimately did. This attack allowed Israel not just to survive the war, but ultimately to have a great victory over the aggressive Arab states. (warrant) Preemptive warfare allowed Israel to save the lives of countless civilians and soldiers by exercising their right to preemptive self defense. (impact)