How to Speech

The steps to giving a good speech can be summed up in the five cannons of rhetoric. If you want to know what to do next in preparing a speech, just look at what cannon comes after what you have already done.

5 Cannons:

1. Invention/Discovery -- Learning about the topic. Gathering information.

2. Arrangement -- Outline your speech. Organize all the information from the first step.

3. Style -- How you word your speech. The tone. Write your speech out and edit it.

4. Delivery -- How you deliver your speech. Inflection, movement, etc.

5. Memory -- Memorizing your speech.


Applying the cannons to different types of speeches:

Platform speeches (persuasive, expository, original oratory): The cannons don't need really any adaptation. Just pick a topic, learn about it, write an outline, write your speech, work on memory and delivery. If you need props, think about what props you need/want when you outline. Make sure to work the props into your speech as you write.

Limited Prep (apologetics, extemporaneous, mars hill): In limited prep events, the best place to begin is with the topics listed, or in extemps case, with the prompts you are given in the round. Follow the invention/discovery and arrangement cannons, skip the style cannon (your style should be how you normally speak just a little better), think about the delivery cannon as your speak and practice, don't worry about the memory cannon.

Interps (open interpretation, dramatic interpretation, humorous interpretation, duo interpretation): Don't worry about the cannons. Pick (or write) a piece, then add different voices and actions, and memorize it.

Steps to speeches:

Persuasive:

1. Pick a topic

2. Learn about the topic

3. Outline your speech

4. Write and edit your speech

5. Memorize your speech

6. Work on delivery and movements

Original Oratory:

1. Pick a topic

2. Learn about the topic

3. Outline your speech

4. Write and edit your speech

5. Memorize your speech

6. Work on delivery and movements

Expository:

1. Pick a topic

2. Learn about your topic

3. Outline your speech and think about props

4. Write your speech and add props

5. Memorize your speech

6. Work on delivery and working with props

Apologetics:

1. Look at list of topics and pick one to do

2. Learn about topic

3. Outline speech on topic

4. Practice

5. Repeat for as many topics as necessary