**Ms. Cooper's**

**5th-Grade Distance Learning Lounge**

*Whether you think you can or think you can't - you're right!*

Our Class Song "Reach" by Gloria Estefan

# What will you learn to do this year?

# Reading Literature

Click the drop-down arrow to see the standards.

## Key Ideas and Details:

**CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.1**** (1, 2)**

Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

**CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.2**** (2, 3)**

Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text.

**CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.3**** (1, 2)**

Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., how characters interact).

## Craft and Structure:

**CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.4**** (1, 2, 3)**

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.

Explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem.

Describe how a narrator's or speaker's point of view influences how events are described.

## Integration of Knowledge and Ideas:

Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text (e.g., graphic novel, multimedia presentation of fiction, folktale, myth, poem).

Compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure stories) on their approaches to similar themes and topics.

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity:

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

# Reading Nonfiction

Click the drop-down arrow to see the standards.

## Key Ideas and Details:

**CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.5.1**** (1, 2, 3)**

Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.

Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text.

## Craft and Structure:

Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a *grade 5 topic or subject area*.

Compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts.

Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

## Integration of Knowledge and Ideas:

Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.

Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which point(s).

Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity:

By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

# Language Arts

Click the drop-down arrow to see the standards.

## Conventions of Standard English:

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

**CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.5.1.A**** (1, 2)**

Explain the function of conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections in general and their function in particular sentences.

Form and use the perfect (e.g., *I had walked; I have walked; I will have walked*) verb tenses.

Use verb tense to convey various times, sequences, states, and conditions.

Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense.*

Use correlative conjunctions (e.g., *either/or, neither/nor*).

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

Use punctuation to separate items in a series.*

Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of the sentence.

Use a comma to set off the words *yes* and *no* (e.g., *Yes, thank you*), to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence (e.g., *It's true, isn't it?*), and to indicate direct address (e.g., *Is that you, Steve?*).

Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.

Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.

## Knowledge of Language:

Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

**CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.5.3.A**** (1, 2)**

Expand, combine, and reduce sentences for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style.

Compare and contrast the varieties of English (e.g., *dialects, registers*) used in stories, dramas, or poems.

## Vocabulary Acquisition and Use:

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 5 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

Use context (e.g., cause/effect relationships and comparisons in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

**CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.5.4.B**** (1, 2)**

Use common, grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., *photograph, photosynthesis*).

Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

Interpret figurative language, including similes and metaphors, in context.

Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.

Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonyms, antonyms, homographs) to better understand each of the words.

Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal contrast, addition, and other logical relationships (e.g., *however, although, nevertheless, similarly, moreover, in addition*).

# Writing

Click the drop-down arrow to see the standards.

## Text Types and Purposes:

Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.

Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer's purpose.

Provide logically ordered reasons that are supported by facts and details.

Link opinion and reasons using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., *consequently*, *specifically*).

Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

Introduce a topic clearly, provide a general observation and focus, and group related information logically; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.

Link ideas within and across categories of information using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., *in* *contrast*, *especially*).

Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.

Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally.

Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, description, and pacing, to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.

Use a variety of transitional words, phrases, and clauses to manage the sequence of events.

Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.

Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.

## Production and Distribution of Writing:

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1-3 above.)

With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1-3 up to and including grade 5 here.)

With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of two pages in a single sitting.

## Research to Build and Present Knowledge:

Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.

Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; summarize or paraphrase information in notes and finished work, and provide a list of sources.

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

Apply *grade 5 Reading standards* to literature (e.g., "Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or a drama, drawing on specific details in the text [e.g., how characters interact]").

Apply *grade 5 Reading standards* to informational texts (e.g., "Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which point[s]"").

## Range of Writing:

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

# Math

Click the drop-down arrow to see the standards.

## Numbers & Operations in Base Ten

**Understand the place value system. (1)**

Recognize that in a multi-digit number, a digit in one place represents 10 times as much as it represents in the place to its right and 1/10 of what it represents in the place to its left.

Explain patterns in the number of zeros of the product when multiplying a number by powers of 10, and explain patterns in the placement of the decimal point when a decimal is multiplied or divided by a power of 10. Use whole-number exponents to denote powers of 10.

Read, write, and compare decimals to thousandths.

Read and write decimals to thousandths using base-ten numerals, number names, and expanded form, e.g., 347.392 = 3 × 100 + 4 × 10 + 7 × 1 + 3 × (1/10) + 9 × (1/100) + 2 × (1/1000).

Compare two decimals to thousandths based on meanings of the digits in each place, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons.

Use place value understanding to round decimals to any place.

Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths.

**Fluently multiply multi-digit whole numbers using the standard algorithm. (1)**

Find whole-number quotients of whole numbers with up to four-digit dividends and two-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.

**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.5.NBT.B.7**** (2)**

Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals to hundredths, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used.

## Numbers & Operations with Fractions

**Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions.**

**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.5.NF.A.1**** (1)**

Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators. *For example, 2/3 + 5/4 = 8/12 + 15/12 = 23/12. (In general, a/b + c/d = (ad + bc)/bd.)*

Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally and assess the reasonableness of answers. *For example, recognize an incorrect result 2/5 + 1/2 = 3/7, by observing that 3/7 < 1/2*.

**Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division.**

**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.5.NF.B.3**** (2)**

Interpret a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator (*a*/*b* = *a* ÷ *b*). Solve word problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. *For example, interpret 3/4 as the result of dividing 3 by 4, noting that 3/4 multiplied by 4 equals 3, and that when 3 wholes are shared equally among 4 people each person has a share of size 3/4. If 9 people want to share a 50-pound sack of rice equally by weight, how many pounds of rice should each person get? Between what two whole numbers does your answer lie?*

**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.5.NF.B.4**** (2)**

**Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction.**

Interpret the product (*a*/*b*) × *q* as *a* parts of a partition of *q* into *b* equal parts; equivalently, as the result of a sequence of operations* a* × *q* ÷ *b*. *For example, use a visual fraction model to show (2/3) × 4 = 8/3, and create a story context for this equation. Do the same with (2/3) × (4/5) = 8/15. (In general, (a/b) × (c/d) = (ac)/(bd).*

Find the area of a rectangle with fractional side lengths by tiling it with unit squares of the appropriate unit fraction side lengths, and show that the area is the same as would be found by multiplying the side lengths. Multiply fractional side lengths to find areas of rectangles, and represent fraction products as rectangular areas.

**Interpret multiplication as scaling (resizing), by:**

Comparing the size of a product to the size of one factor on the basis of the size of the other factor, without performing the indicated multiplication.

Explaining why multiplying a given number by a fraction greater than 1 results in a product greater than the given number (recognizing multiplication by whole numbers greater than 1 as a familiar case); explaining why multiplying a given number by a fraction less than 1 results in a product smaller than the given number; and relating the principle of fraction equivalence *a*/*b* = (*n* × *a*)/(*n* × *b*) to the effect of multiplying *a*/*b* by 1.

Solve real world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem.

**Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions.**^{1}

Interpret division of a unit fraction by a non-zero whole number, and compute such quotients. *For example, create a story context for (1/3) ÷ 4, and use a visual fraction model to show the quotient. Use the relationship between multiplication and division to explain that (1/3) ÷ 4 = 1/12 because (1/12) × 4 = 1/3*.

Interpret division of a whole number by a unit fraction, and compute such quotients. *For example, create a story context for 4 ÷ (1/5), and use a visual fraction model to show the quotient. Use the relationship between multiplication and division to explain that 4 ÷ (1/5) = 20 because 20 × (1/5) = 4*.

Solve real world problems involving division of unit fractions by non-zero whole numbers and division of whole numbers by unit fractions, e.g., by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem. *For example, how much chocolate will each person get if 3 people share 1/2 lb of chocolate equally? How many 1/3-cup servings are in 2 cups of raisins?*

## Operations & Algebraic Thinking

**Write and interpret numerical expressions. (2)**

**Use parentheses, brackets, or braces in numerical expressions, and evaluate expressions with these symbols.**

Write simple expressions that record calculations with numbers, and interpret numerical expressions without evaluating them. *For example, express the calculation "add 8 and 7, then multiply by 2" as 2 × (8 + 7). Recognize that 3 × (18932 + 921) is three times as large as 18932 + 921, without having to calculate the indicated sum or product*.

**Analyze patterns and relationships.**

Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. *For example, given the rule "Add 3" and the starting number 0, and given the rule "Add 6" and the starting number 0, generate terms in the resulting sequences, and observe that the terms in one sequence are twice the corresponding terms in the other sequence. Explain informally why this is so*.

## Geometry

**Graph points on the coordinate plane to solve real-world and mathematical problems. (3)**

Use a pair of perpendicular number lines, called axes, to define a coordinate system, with the intersection of the lines (the origin) arranged to coincide with the 0 on each line and a given point in the plane located by using an ordered pair of numbers, called its coordinates. Understand that the first number indicates how far to travel from the origin in the direction of one axis, and the second number indicates how far to travel in the direction of the second axis, with the convention that the names of the two axes and the coordinates correspond (e.g., *x*-axis and *x*-coordinate, *y*-axis and* y*-coordinate).

Represent real world and mathematical problems by graphing points in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane, and interpret coordinate values of points in the context of the situation.

**Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties. (3)**

Understand that attributes belonging to a category of two-dimensional figures also belong to all subcategories of that category. For example, all rectangles have four right angles and squares are rectangles, so all squares have four right angles.

Classify two-dimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties.

# Science

Click the drop-down arrow to see the standards.

## The performance expectations in fifth grade help students formulate answers to questions such as:

*When matter changes, does its weight change?**How much water can be found in different places on Earth?**Can new substances be created by combining other substances?**How does matter cycle through ecosystems?**Where does the energy in food come from and what is it used for?**How do lengths and directions of shadows or relative lengths of day and night change from day to day, and how does the appearance of some stars change in different seasons?”*

## Fifth grade performance expectations

Students are able to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen through the development of a model.

Students develop an understanding of the idea that regardless of the type of change that matter undergoes, the total weight of matter is conserved.

Students determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances.

Through the development of a model using an example, students are able to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact.

They describe and graph data to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.

Students develop an understanding of the idea that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water.

Using models, students can describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment and that energy in animals’ food was once energy from the sun.

Students are expected to develop an understanding of patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.

In the fifth grade performance expectations, students are expected to demonstrate grade-appropriate proficiency in developing and using models, planning and carrying out investigations, analyzing and interpreting data, using mathematics and computational thinking, engaging in argument from evidence, and obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information; and to use these practices to demonstrate understanding of the core ideas.

# Social Studies

Click the drop-down arrow to see the standards.

## United States History and Geography: Making a New Nation

### The performance expectations in fifth grade help students formulate answers to questions such as:

*Why did different groups of people decide to settle in the territory that would become the United States?**How did the different regions of the area that would become the United States affect the economy, politics, and social organization of the nation**What did it mean to become an independent United States?**What did it mean to be an American?**Why did the nation expand?*

*The fifth-grade course introduces students to important historical questions throughout the year-long study. The course for grade five presents the story of the development of the nation, with emphasis on the period up to 1800. This course focuses on the creation of a new nation that would be peopled by immigrants from all parts of the globe and governed by institutions influenced by a number of religions, the ideals of the Enlightenment, and concepts of self-government.*

*Students in the fifth grade continue to develop the civic and economic skills they will need as citizens, especially as they learn about the nation’s foundational documents. Students examine the human and physical geography of the United States by studying past and present-day maps of the United States and identifying connections with geography and the ethnic, linguistic, and religious settlement patterns that shaped the new nation.*

*The content covered in grade five is expansive, and the discipline-specific skills that are to be taught are equally demanding. To both organize the curriculum and allow students to explore the past in depth, teachers may frame instruction around questions of historical significance. This discipline-specific form of inquiry promotes student engagement, deepens content understanding, and develops critical thinking.*

*Whenever possible, the past should be examined through the eyes of women, men, and children from a variety of historical groups. Viewing the past from the perspectives of those that lived it is best done through a variety of primary sources. Throughout the year, students should be introduced to sources presented in different formats. They should begin to understand that people in the past had different perspectives; one goal of learning history is to understand why people in the past lived the way they lived. It is also intended for students to begin to understand why the current world is structured the way it is.*

## Major Content Strands

### The Land and People before Columbus

*How did geography, climate, and proximity to water affect the lives of North American Indians?**How were different groups of North American Indians organized into systems of governments and confederacies?**How were family and community structures of North American Indians similar to and different from one another?*

### Age of Exploration

*Why did Europeans explore?**What exchanges were established as a result of the age of exploration?**How did European explorers and natives view each other?*

### Cooperation and Conflict in North America

*How did European explorers and settlers interact with American Indians?**How did American Indians change as a result of the arrival and settlement of European colonists?**Why did American Indians fight with each other?**Why did they fight with European settlers?**What role did trade play in both cooperation and conflict between and among European settlers?*

### Settling the Colonies

*Who moved to and settled in North America?**Why did they choose to live where they did?**Why did English settlers choose to live on the North Atlantic seaboard?**What was daily life like for those who settled in the southern colonies? Those who settled in New England?**Why did Jamestown settlers have a high mortality rate?**Why did so many settlers die, and how did they eventually reverse this trend?**How did people work in the colonies?**Why did indentured servitude start, and how did it transition to slavery?**How did the Middle Colonies differ from New England and the southern colonies in terms of geography, economic activity, religion, social structure/ family life, and government?*

### The Road to War

*Why did colonists start to rebel against Great Britain?**Who were the Patriots? What were their grievances?**What were the goals of the Declaration of Independence?*

### The American Revolution

*How did the American Revolution start?**How was the war fought differently, depending on where the battles took place and who was fighting?**How were Natives, free blacks, slaves, and women important in the conduct of the war?*

### The Development and Significance of the U.S. Constitution

*What were the Articles of Confederation? Why did they ultimately fail?**How did the Constitutional Convention attempt to balance the interests of all of the states?**What was the purpose of the preamble to the Constitution?**What was the Great Compromise?**How did the Constitution get ratified with the inclusion of the Bill of Rights?*

### Life in the Young Republic

*Who came to the United States in the first half of the nineteenth century?**Where did they settle?**How did they change the country?**How did westward migration change the country and the experience of being an American?*

### The New Nation’s Westward Expansion

*What did the West mean for the nation’s politics, economy, social organization, and identity?**How did westward movement transform indigenous environments and communities?*

## How will you learn it and show that you learned it?

Reading fiction and nonfiction text

Watching recorded video lessons

Participating in Live lessons with Ms. Cooper

Completing Independent practice

Working with virtual manipulatives (things you move around on your computer screen)

Listening and responding to educational songs

Participating in Reader's Theater

Completing Classcraft Quests

Creating and sharing models and other artifacts (proof of learning)

Taking quizzes and tests

Writing about what you learn

## How will you connect with your classmates?

Participating in Live lessons with Ms. Cooper

Supporting and interacting with your Classcraft team

Working online with other students on assignments and projects

Joining and participating in our private Facebook group (optional)

Joining and participating in our private Instagram group (optional)