The widespread adoption of renewable energy sources critically relies on improvements in our ability to store large amounts of energy at low levelized costs, and to efficiently interconvert between its stored chemical and electrical forms. Thus, understanding the fundamental processes involved in electrochemical reactions, such as species adsorption, electron/proton transfer, and bond breaking and formation is of utmost importance for developing more efficient batteries, fuel cells, and other energy storage and conversion devices.
The Kwabi Lab elucidates and exploits connections between interfacial charge transfer processes and bulk phase transformations for the rational development of high-power, long-lived electrochemical devices. Our approach combines model systems with experimental tools to uncover how the physics of atomic-scale processes translates to device-level behavior. This effort is highly interdisciplinary, involving experimental tools from mechanical device engineering, physical chemistry and materials science. We apply insights gained in this process to shed light on novel energy storage schemes, but other societally and industrially important applications such as solar energy conversion, materials synthesis, heat capture, and CO2 separation for climate change mitigation.