Lung ultrasound & detection of pneumothorax

Landmarks for thoracic ultrasound

Landmarks for thoracic ultrasound are generally centred on *4 spaces a. anterior chest wall 2nd ICS (mid-clavicular), b. anterior chest wall 4-5th ICS (anterior-axillary line), c. lowest costal margin (mid-axillary line) and d. posterior thoracic space. All views are in the para-sagittal plane, except for the mid-axillary (costal margin) view, which lies in the coronal plane. The probe must be perpendicular to the anatomical structures (pleural line, thoracic space) and properly adjusted for depth (6-10 cm anterior chest wall and ~15-18 cm for thoracic space).

Lung ultrasound tutorial