كتاب أنس العالم للصفواني

Uns al-ʿĀlim of al-Ṣafwānī

و مما استطرفناه من كتاب أنس العالم تصنيف الصفواني


And from what we have selected from the book Uns al-ʿĀlim, the composition of al-Ṣafwānī.


قَالَ رُوِيَ أَنَّ رَجُلًا قَدِمَ عَلَى أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ(ع)فَقَالَ لَهُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنَا أُحِبُّكَ وَ أُحِبُّ فُلَاناً وَ سَمَّى بَعْضَ أَعْدَائِهِ فَقَالَ(ع)أَمَّا الْآنَ فَأَنْتَ أَعْوَرُ فَإِمَّا أَنْ تَعْمَى وَ إِمَّا أَنْ تُبْصِرَ


He said: It is narrated that a man came to the Commander of the Believers عليه السلام and he said to him: O Commander of the Believers, I love you, and I love so-and-so. And he named one (or: some) of his enemies.

So he عليه السلام said to him: As for now, then you are one-eyed. Either you will go blind or you will see.


وَ قِيلَ لِلصَّادِقِ(ع)إِنَّ فُلَاناً يُوَالِيكُمْ إِلَّا أَنَّهُ يَضْعُفُ عَنِ الْبَرَاءَةِ مِنْ عَدُوِّكُمْ قَالَ هَيْهَاتَ كَذَبَ مَنِ ادَّعَى مَحَبَّتَنَا وَ لَمْ يَتَبَرَّأْ مِنْ عَدُوِّنَا


And it was said to al-Ṣādiq عليه السلام: So-and-so is loyal to you, however he is too weak to disassociate from your enemies.

He said: How far be it, whoever claims to love us but does not disassociate from our enemies has lied.


وَ رُوِيَ عَنِ الرِّضَا(ع)أَنَّهُ قَالَ كَمَالُ الدِّينِ وَلَايَتُنَا وَ الْبَرَاءَةُ مِنْ عَدُوِّنَا


And it is narrated from al-Riḍā عليه السلام that he said: The perfection (or: completion) of religion is loyalty to us (walāyatuna) and disassociation (al-barā’a) from our enemies.


ثم قال الصفواني و اعلم يا بني أنه لا تتم الولاية و لا تخلص المحبة و تثبت المودة لآل محمد (صلى الله عليه و آله) إلا بالبراءة من عدوهم قريبا كان منك أو بعيدا فلا تأخذك به رأفة فإن الله عز و جل يقول لا تَجِدُ قَوْماً يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللّهِ وَ الْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ يُوادُّونَ مَنْ حَادَّ اللّهَ وَ رَسُولَهُ وَ لَوْ كانُوا آباءَهُمْ أَوْ أَبْناءَهُمْ أَوْ إِخْوانَهُمْ أَوْ عَشِيرَتَهُمْ الآية و عليك يا بني بالعلم وفقك الله له و رزقك روايته و منحك درايته


Then al-Ṣafwānī said: And know, O my son, that loyalty is not complete, and love is not pure, and the friendship of the family of Muhammad صلى الله عليه وآله is established, save by disassociation from their enemies, whether he be near (in relation to) you or distant. So let not compassion take you for him, for God عزوجل says “You shall not find any people who believe in God and the Last Day who are loving to anyone who opposes God and His Messenger, not though they were their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their clan.” (58:22) (to the end of) the āya. And betake you, O my son, to knowledge, may God grant you success in it, and provide you its narrations and bestow upon you its cognizance.


فَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنْ مَوْلَانَا الصَّادِقِ(ع)أَنَّهُ قَالَ خَبَرٌ تَدْرِيهِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفٍ تَرْوِيهِ


It has been narrated from our master al-Ṣādiq عليه السلام that he said: A report that you cognate is better than a thousand that you narrate.


وَ قَالَ(ع)فِي حَدِيثٍ آخَرَ عَلَيْكُمْ بِالدِّرَايَاتِ لَا بِالرِّوَايَاتِ


And he عليه السلام said in another ḥadīth: Betake you to cognitions not to narrations.


وَ رَوَى طَلْحَةُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ(ع)رُوَاةُ الْكِتَابِ كَثِيرٌ وَ رُعَاتُهُ قَلِيلٌ فَكَمْ مِنْ مُسْتَنْسِخٍ لِلْحَدِيثِ مُسْتَغِشٍّ لِلْكِتَابِ وَ الْعُلَمَاءُ تَحَرِّيهِمُ الدِّرَايَةُ وَ الْجُهَّالُ تَحَرِّيهِمُ الرِّوَايَةُ


And Ṭalḥa b. Zayd narrated, he said: Abū ʿAbdillāh عليه السلام said: The narrators of the Book are many, and its caretakers are few. How many from the transcribers of the ḥadīth are frauds with the Book. And the investigation of the ones who know (al-ʿulāma) is (in) cognition, while the investigation of the ignorant is (in) narration.


قَالَ وَ رُوِيَ أَنَّ حَلْقَ الرَّأْسِ مُثْلَةٌ بِالشَّبَابِ وَ وَقَارٌ بِالشَّيْخِ


He said: And it has been narrated that shaving the head is a mutilation for the youth and veneration for the elder.


تمت الأحاديث المنتزعة من كتاب الصفواني


The extracted ḥadīths from the book of al-Ṣafwānī are completed.