Tabung Pemadam Api
Fire extinguisher or Tabung Pemadam Api is an active fire protection tool that is used to extinguish the fire or control small fires, often in emergency situations. Fire extinguishers are not designed for use on fires that are not controlled, for example when the fire was already burning ceiling. Generally, fire extinguishers consist of a high-pressure air tube containing a fire extinguishing agent.
There are two main types of fire extinguishers: the pressure inside and operated by cartridge. In the pressure inside the unit, throwers gas stored in the same room with the fire extinguishing agent. Depending on the materials used, if different materials are used is also different driver. In extinguishers contain dry chemicals, commonly used nitrogen; water and foam extinguishers are typically using air. Pressurized fire extinguishers inside is the most common type. While the types of extinguishers operated Cartridge throwers gas contains in a separate cartridge that must be pressed first before flowing out, pushing the extinguishing agent.
This type is not as common, is used primarily for industrial facilities, which require the use with a higher capacity than usual. as well as having the advantage of being much simpler that allows users to quickly implement outages, to be able to control the fire within a short time. Unlike other types of pressure in the use of nitrogen, extinguishers use carbon dioxide instead of nitrogen booster, although the nitrogen cartridge model is also sometimes used at low temperatures.
Types of extinguishers are used worldwide operated by Cartridges are available in dry chemical and dry powder types as well as wet material such as water, foam, dry chemical (ABC grade and BC), and dry powder (Class D).
Fire extinguisher further subdivided into handheld portable fire extinguishers are also called handheld weighing between 0.5 to 14 kg (1 to 30 pounds), because it is easy to carry by hand. The next is a wheeled fire extinguishers typically weigh 23 + kg (50 + pounds). These wheeled models are most often found on the building site, airports, heliports, as well as docks and harbors.