Double-Face and Brocaded Tablet Weaving Patterns

How to use this page (also this page is currently under construction!):

Listed below are a collection of tablet weaving patterns taken from published sources that contain information on extant tablet woven archaeological pieces. There are two standard weaving methods covered: double-faced and brocaded tablet weaving.
 
Double-face refers to the method of turning the cards in two different directions during each pick usually with two different colours per card (each card has two of one colour and two strands of another colour to fill the four holes). Directions and instructions for the double-face technique and how to use the excel spreadsheets below can be found here, please click on either of the handouts for Classes 2 or 3). 
 
 
 
Brocaded tablet weaving refers to the method of inserting one or more decorative or auxilary wefts during the weaving process as well as the main structure weft during each pick. The warp is usually all one solid colour and the tablet pack is turned in unison with the auxilary shuttles being threaded through the top strands which lay above the shed. The decorative strands are only visible on one side of the weaving. Directions and instructions for the brocaded technique and how to use the brocade excel spreadsheets below can be found here, please click on the handout for Chass 4 (though this class is centered on Viking Age examples, this method can be used for any of the spreadsheets below).    
 Here is one of my brocaded pieces as an example using a 12th Century Norwegian pattern (Pg 148) from Nancy Spies book, see Research Sources):

Important Notes:

1) The layout of the draft tabs of the spreadsheets below are based on Linda Hendrickson's graphing methods. Though the method of utilizing the spreadsheets differs from her instructions and the patterns below were taken directly from the other sources listed and are not listed in any of her available material to the best of my knowledge.
 
2) Often longer, more complex patterns are broken up into smaller, more manageable instructional sheets called Drafts. To this end,  the spreadsheets below sometimes have multiple tabs labled A, B, C, etc. Simply continue on weaving from one to the other, for instance alternating between the two; Draft A, Draft B, Draft A, Draft B, etc.   
 
3) Why are double-faced 3/1 twill not currently covered?
2/1 twill, 2/2 twill and double-faced 3/1 twills are all possible through utilizing different tablet weaving techniques. The 2/1 twills and 2/2 twills only require two of the four holes in each card to be filled while double-faced 3/1 twill is a subtype of the double-face weaving technique and requires two colours to fill all four holes. While there are early period examples of both 2/1 twill and double-faced 3/1 twills, often the peer-reviewed papers are unclear on the specific type of double-faced technique being used. For example a paper could refer to the weaving process of a piece both as 'double face' and '3/1 twill' in the same paper; or simply state double-face when another paper may list the weaving method for the same piece as the double-faced 3/1 twill method. I will see what I can do in future to untangle this using the best resources available. At present, none of the pieces below utilize a twill technique. For further information on tablet woven twills,  please see pg 165 - 167 of Peter Collingwood's The Techniques of Tablet Weaving found in the Resource Section of this website. 

Viking Age Patterns:

1) B20 (Brettchenbänder 20), 26 tablets

 
8th - 9th Century, Birka Sweden.
Source: Geijer, Agnes. Die Textilfunde aus den Gräbern, Vol. III of Birka: Untersuchungen und Studien. Uppsala: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akadamien (1938). Pp. 83, fig. 20.
 
B20 Double-face spreadsheet:

B20 Double-face

B20 Brocaded spreadsheet (with simplified border pattern):
 

B20 Brocaded

 

2) B22 & B16 (Brettchenbänder 22 and Brettchenbänder 16)*, 25 tablets

*Note: the pattern from two separate band fragments have been combined and modified into one.
 
8th - 9th Century, Birka Sweden.
Source: Geijer, Agnes. Die Textilfunde aus den Gräbern, Vol. III of Birka: Untersuchungen und Studien. Uppsala: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akadamien (1938). Pp. 82, fig 19 and Pp. 83 fig. 20.
 
B22 & B16 Double-Faced Spreadsheet

B22 & B16 Double-face

 
B22 & B16 Brocaded Spreadsheet

B22 & B16 Brocaded

 

3) B6 (Brettchenbänder 6)*, 28 Tablets

*Note: there is another portion of this band not represented in this design.
8th - 9th Century, Birka Sweden.
Source: Geijer, Agnes. Die Textilfunde aus den Gräbern, Vol. III of Birka: Untersuchungen und Studien. Uppsala: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akadamien (1938). Pp. 83, fig. 20.
B6 Double-Face Spreadsheet

B6 Double-Face

 
B6 Brocaded Spreadsheet

B6 Brocaded

 
More to come!
 
 
 
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