Geography and Natural Resources

Zimbabwe, located in the Southern region of Africa, located in the southern tropics of the equator. It has a tropical climate that rarely reaches over 90° F, providing heavy rainfall from November to March, that sustains the area's agriculture. Zimbabwe is a high plateau, covered by some evergreen forests in the central and east portion, while savanna grasslands covers majority of the south. Recent population growth and lack of fuel has led to major deforestation, ultimately reducing the amount of rich soil for crops. Zimbabwe's Mining and natural resources such as diamonds, Copper, nickel, coal, lithium, and gold, have helped sustained Zimbabwe's economy. The major crops grown in Zimbabwe are corn, cotton, sugarcane, and tobacco. Zimbabwe's economy thrives off of its mining and industries, which process food, as well as manufacture steel, chemicals, and clothing. There are approximately 12 million people in Zimbabwe, with an average life expectancy at birth of 50 years. While English is considered the official language of Zimbabwe, only 2.5% of the population speaks it, while the rest of the population speaks Bantu languages including Shona and Ndebele. The major religions are syncretism (a Christian religion that combines different traditional beliefs), Christian, indigenous beliefs, and Muslim. The geography and resources available to Zimbabwe has helped them adapt to their surroundings and continue their growth in Africa.