Ubuntu
Linux for Human Beings

        Ubuntu is an entirely open source operating system built around the Linu x kernel. The Ubuntu community is built around the ideals enshrined in the Ubuntu Philosophy: that software should be available free of charge, that software tools should be usable by people in their local language and despite any disabilities, and that people should have the freedom to customize and alter their software in whatever way they see fit.

        You can download the .iso file from the website, or request for the free CD. If you want to have both window and ubuntu OS in your computer, you should install window first. When you install ubuntu, it will mount the window disk atomically. Let me introduce you some basic information about Ubuntu and linux.

  About the "Ubuntu"

        Ubuntu is a South African ethical ideology focusing on people's allegiances  and relations with each other. The word comes from the Zulu and Xhosa languages. Ubuntu (pronounced "a-BOON-too") is seen as a traditional African concept, is regarded as one of the founding principles of the new republic of South Africa and is connected to the idea of an African Renaissance. A rough translation of the principle of Ubuntu is "humanity towards others". Another translation could be: "the belief in a universal bond of sharing that connects all humanity".  

        "A person with ubuntu is open and available to others, affirming of others, does not feel threatened that others are able and good, for he or she has a proper self-assurance that comes from knowing that he or she belongs in a greater whole and is diminished when others are humiliated or diminished, when others are tortured or oppressed."

--Archbishop Desmond Tutu               

  What is Linux

         The Linux kernel, pronounced 'linnuks' is the heart of the Ubuntu operating system. A kernel is an important part of any operating system, providing the communication bridge between hardware and software.

         Linux was brought to life in 1991 by a Finnish student named Linus Torvalds. At the time, it would run only on i386 systems, and was essentially an independently created clone of the UNIX kernel, intended to take advantage of the then-new i386 architecture.

         Nowadays, thanks to a substantial amount of development effort by people all around the world, Linux runs on virtually every modern architecture. The Linux kernel has gained an ideological importance as well as a technical one. There is an entire community of people who believe in the ideals of free software and spend their time helping to make open source technology as good as it can be.

         People in this community gave rise to initiatives such as Ubuntu, standards committees that shape the development of the Internet, organizations like the Mozilla Foundation, responsible for creating Mozilla Firefox, and countless other software projects from which you've certainly benefited in the past.

        The spirit of open source, commonly attributed to Linux, is influencing software developers and users everywhere to drive communities with common goals.

  What is GUN

       The GNU Project, pronounced “guh-noo”, was launched in 1984 to develop a complete UNIX style operating system which is comprised of free software: the GNU system. Variants of the GNU operating system, which use the Linux kernel, are now widely used.

       The GNU project is closely linked to the philosophy of free software, which is central to the projects that derive from it, such as Ubuntu.