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Karate ni sente nashi..... there is no first attack in Karate.
A key point in Karate is that it should never be used first or in aggression. This doesn't mean that you can't hit first if you think you are under serious threat of attack, it does mean that you should only use Karate as a last resort.
If there is any way you can escape, evade or defuse the situation then this should be used in preference to acts of violence. If you have no other option but to strike back then this should always be in proportion to the threat or attack.
"Sword and mind must be united. Technique by itself is insufficient, and spirit alone is not enough."
Bow when entering or leaving the Dojo
Be punctual and ready to start
Bow at the beginning and end of the lesson, also before and after Kumite/Kata.
The most senior instructor should be addressed as "Sensei" (pronounced "sen-say")
Remove jewellery, gum etc and keep finger nails short
If in doubt raise your hand to ask, keep all chatter to a minimum during instruction
Anyone leaving the Dojo during the lesson should kneel when they return and wait to be acknowledged by the instructor, always go behind the line of students to avoid accidents
Inform the instructor if you have any injuries or aches before or during the lesson
A minimum of 10 hours instruction must be completed inbetween gradings, you will also need your instructors approval to be able to grade.
Most of all train hard with 100% effort!
DoJo KUN: a set of five guiding principles for training
Seek Perfection of Character
Endeavour to excel
Refrain from violent behaviour
The Shōtōkan niju kun are the "twenty instructions" of the Okinawan martial arts master Gichin Funakoshi which all students of Shotokan Karate are encouraged to live, practice, and teach to others
Ten Precepts (Tode Jukun) of Karate
In October 1908, Itosu wrote a letter, "Ten Precepts (Tode Jukun) of Karate," to draw the attention of the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of War in Japan. A translation of that letter reads:
Ten Precepts of Karate
Karate did not develop from Buddhism or Confucianism. In the past the Shorin-ryu school and the Shorei-ryu school were brought to Okinawa from China. Both of these schools have strong points, which I will now mention before there are too many changes:
1. Karate is not merely practiced for your own benefit; it can be used to protect one's family or master. It is not intended to be used against a single assailant but instead as a way of avoiding a fight should one be confronted by a villain or ruffian.
2. The purpose of karate is to make the muscles and bones hard as rock and to use the hands and legs as spears. If children were to begin training in Tang Te while in elementary school, then they will be well suited for military service. Remember the words attributed to the Duke of Wellington after he defeated Napoleon: "The Battle of Waterloo was won on the playing fields of Eton."
3. Karate cannot be quickly learned. Like a slow moving bull, it eventually travels a thousand miles. If one trains diligently every day, then in three or four years one will come to understand karate. Those who train in this fashion will discover karate.
4. In karate, training of the hands and feet are important, so one must be thoroughly trained on the makiwara. In order to do this, drop your shoulders, open your lungs, take hold of your strength, grip the floor with your feet, and sink your energy into your lower abdomen. Practice using each arm one to two hundred times each day.
5. When one practices the stances of Tang Te, be sure to keep your back straight, lower your shoulders, put strength in your legs, stand firmly, and drop your energy into your lower abdomen.
6. Practice each of the techniques of karate repeatedly, the use of which is passed by word of mouth. Learn the explanations well, and decide when and in what manner to apply them when needed. Enter, counter, release is the rule of releasing hand (torite).
7. You must decide if karate is for your health or to aid your duty.
8. When you train, do so as if on the battlefield. Your eyes should glare, shoulders drop, and body harden. You should always train with intensity and spirit, and in this way you will naturally be ready.
9. One must not overtrain; this will cause you to lose the energy in your lower abdomen and will be harmful to your body. Your face and eyes will turn red. Train wisely.
10. In the past, masters of karate have enjoyed long lives. Karate aids in developing the bones and muscles. It helps the digestion as well as the circulation. If karate should be introduced beginning in the elementary schools, then we will produce many men each capable of defeating ten assailants. I further believe this can be done by having all students at the Okinawa Teachers' College practice karate. In this way, after graduation, they can teach at the elementary schools at which they have been taught. I believe this will be a great benefit to our nation and our military. It is my hope you will seriously consider my suggestion.
Anko Itosu, October 1908
This letter was influential in the spread of karate.
AGE UKE , upper rising block, generally used to guard against an attack to the face; can also be used effectively as an attack
AGE ZUKI (TSUKI), rising punch. Seen in the kata Empi
ASHI BARAI, foot/leg sweep
BUNKAI, an analysis of the techniques and application of kata
BUSHIDO, way of the warrior
CHOKU ZUKI, straight punch = kara zuki
CHUDAN UKE, middle level block. A general term for middle level blocks
CHUDAN ZUKI , a punch to the mid-section of the opponent's body
DOJO, place of the way, the place where martial art is practised
EMBUSEN , performance line of a given kata
EMPI/ ENPI, elbow
EMPI UCHI, elbow strike also called hiji ate
EMPI UKE, Elbow block. A general term for the blocking action using the elbow
GEDAN BARAI, lower level sweep
GEDAN BARAI UKE, lower level sweeping block, same as the gedan barai but using it as a block
GEDAN, lower section of body
GEDAN UKE, lower Level block
GEDAN ZUKI, a punch to the lower section
GERI /KERI , kick.
GOHON KUMITE, five steps basic sparring. The attacker steps and attacks five times one after the other , attacking on each step,while the defender steps back five times, blocking each technique. After the fifth block, the defender applies a counter-attack, usually jodan tsoki then chudan tsoki, maigeri chudan, ma washi geri jodan, yokogeri chudan and the final technique is ushirio geri kekumi
GYAKU ZUKI, reverse punch
HACHIJI DACHI, open leg stance. The feet are positioned about one shoulder width apart and pointed outwards at 45 degrees
HAJIME, begin. It is the command given to start a given technique, kata, or kumite
HEISOKU DACHI, an informal attention stance
HIDARI, left (left side)
HOMBU DOJO, it is the term used to refer to the central dojo
IPPON KUMITE, basic one-step sparring
JIYU IPPON KUMITE, one step free sparring. The participants can attack with any technique, whenever ready
JIYU KUMITE, free sparring
JODAN UKE, high level block
JODAN, upper level, neck and above
JUJI UKE, X-block
KARATE, empty hand
KARATE-DO, Way of Karate, not only the physical aspect of karate
KARATEKA, a practitioner of karate
KEAGE, kick up, snapping kick
KEKOMI, thrust kick (literally, kick into/straight)
TETTSUI UCHI , hammer fist strike
KIAI, spirit focus a focusing yell,One should try to preserve the feeling of kiai within techniques
KIBA DACHI , straddle stance, horse riding stance
KIHON, fundamental. Used to refer to basic techniques
KIME , focus of power; decisive technique (“decision”)
KIZAMI ZUKI, jabbing punch
KOKUTSU DACHI , back stance
KOSA UKE, crossed block
MAE ASHI GERI, kicking with the front leg
MAE GERI, front kick
MAE GERI KEAGE , front snapping kick
MAE GERI KEKOMI, front thrust kick
MAWASHI GERI, roundhouse kick
MAWATTE, this is a command given to turn around
MIGI, right (right side)
MIKAZUKI GERI, crescent kick
MOKUSO, meditation . This is practice often begging or at the end of training, with a brief period of meditation
MOROTE UKE, assisted block. One arm and fist supports the other arm
MOROTE ZUKI /AWASE ZUKI, U-punch. Punching with both fists simultaneously
MUSUBI DACHI, Informal attention stance, heels placed together, feet at 90 degrees, but with each foot turned out at 45 degree
NEKO-ASHI DACHI, cat's foot stance, or as commonly called, cat stance
NUKITE, spear hand, straight thrust
OI ZUKI, lunge punch
REI, respect. This is a way of showing respect in Japanese culture to each other by bowing
REN GERI, consecutive kicking, alternate kicking, for example: left and then right
SANBON KUMITE, three step sparring
SANBON ZUKI, A series of three punches, generally the first is oi zuki jodan, followed by a slight pause then two chudan oi zuki
SEN NO SEN , attacking at the exact moment when the opponent attacks
SEN SEN NO SEN, attacking before the opponent attacks – pre-emptive attack
SHIHON NUKITE, four finger strike
SHIZEN DACHI, natural stance, body relaxed but alert
SHUTO UCHI , knife hand strike
SHUTO UKE, knife-hand block
SOTO UDE UK, outside forearm block or sometimes said as lower wrist block. Block from outside inward
SOTO UKE, outside block, normally a shortened version of soto ude uke
TETTSUI UCHI bottom fist strike
UCHI UDE UKE, inside forearm block. Block from inside outward
UCHI-UKE, inside block generally used as a short version of uchi ude uke
UDE UKE, forearm block
URAKEN, back knuckle; back-fist
URAKEN UCHI, back fist strike
URAKEN UKE, back fist block
USHIRO, back or rear
USHIRO GERI, back kick
YAMA ZUKI, U-shaped double punch
YOI , ready
YOKO EMPI UCHI, side elbow strike
YOKO GERI KEAGE, side snap kick.
YOKO GERI KEKOMI, side thrust kick
YOKO GERI, side kick
YORI ASHI, sliding the feet, moving both feet at the same time without changing
ZANSHIN, remaining in a balanced and aware state after a technique has been completed
ZENKUTSU DACHI, forward stance. The actual translation means front knee bent stance
ZUKI / TSUKI, punching
Ichi = 1
Ni = 2
San = 3
Shi = 4
Go = 5
Roku = 6
Shichi = 7
Hachi = 8
Ku = 9
Ju = 10