04-feminism


Middle-class playwright deBouhélier, writers Romain Rolland and Magdeleine Marx (later Magdeleine Paz) and journalist Marcel Martinet wrote in the press that there was a need for more working-class writers and social reforms for workers in general. Their ideas were published in  Marcel Martinet’s magazine l'Effort Libre which is where
Simone Bodève wrote ‘Double Morale’ about the protection of women within marriage and the right of women to vote. The writer Rachilde and Emile Durkheim, the founder of sociology  ridiculed, not finding her intellectual enough; some of the more conservative press dismisses her next novel 'Son Mari' as an inept roman populaire - their focus is on her literary style which they found too coarse. Claire Geniaux writes that Simone Bodève favoured a direct style that highlighted her characters' qualities and faults in a lucid manner. These are harsh characters battling against low wages and not eating sufficiently.   That year, she voted in a poll for 'La Vie' for St George de Bouhelier 's play 'Le Carnaval des Enfants'.

In  'Double Morale', Bodeve argues that a marriage without respect is worthless. It is indeed a financial arrangement that works for the husband. Bodeve herself did not marry and lived in an attic room at 21 rue Mandar, in the vicinity of rue d'Aboukir.  Claire Géniaux writes that like many female workers at the time, Simone Bodève refused to be a kept woman - she did not see relationships as a way to increase her income. And yet, how often have we come across literary stereotypes of women whose ambition is to seek a good marriage.  The concept of the financially independent woman who is her partner's equal and has the right to decide the political future of the nation is very strong in her th0ught. Yet, both her health and her financial situation were fragile.


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