The Quagga is an extinct  subspecies of Burchell's zebra that lived in South Africa until the 19th century.  Burchell's Zebra and Quagga have brown, black and white fur with stripes. It was long thought to be a distinct species, but  genetic studies from a specimen in Basel  have shown it to be the a  subspecies of Burchell's zebra. They were once found in great numbers in the Karoo of Cape Province and the southern part of the Orange Free State in South Africa. After the Dutch settlement of South Africa began, the quagga was heavily hunted as it competed with domesticated animals for forage. While some individuals were taken to zoos in Europe, breeding programs were unsuccessful. The last wild population lived in the Orange Free State, and the quagga was extinct  by 1878. The last captive specimen died in Amsterdam on 12 August 1883. Only one quagga was ever photographed alive and it was a mare at London zoo, and  only 23 skins have been preserved. Since 1987, the  Quagga Project in South Africa  is trying to re-create  of hair coat pattern and related characteristics of the quagga by selectively breeding Burchell's zebras.