The Cederberg derived its name from the endemic cedar tree, San and Khoi people inhabited the Cederberg area from early times, leaving behind a rich legacy of rock art  ranging from 8 000 years to 100 or 200 years.  - this is one legend of the Khoisan told in Namibia: Long ago, when animals were still new , the weather was very hot, and what little water there was remained in a few pools and pans. One of these remaining water pools was guarded by a boisterous baboon, who claimed that he was the 'lord of the water' and forbade anyone from drinking at his pool.One fine day when a zebra and his son came down to have a drink of water, the baboon, who was sitting by his fire next to the waterhole, jumped up and barked in a loud voice. 'Go away, intruders. This is my pool and I am the lord of the water.''The water is for everyone, not just for you, monkey-face,' The zebra's son shouted back.'If you want some of the water, you must fight for it,' returned the baboon in a fine fury, and in a moment the two were locked in combat.Back and forth they went fighting, raising a huge cloud of dust, until with a mighty kick, the zebra sent the baboon flying high up among the rocks of the cliff behind them. The baboon landed with a smack on his seat, taking all the hair clean off, and to this very day, he still carries the bare patch where he landed.The tired and bruised young zebra, not looking where he was going, staggered back through the baboon's fire, which scorched him, leaving black burn stripes across his white fur.The shock of being burned, sent the zebra galloping away to the savannah plains, where he has stayed ever since.The baboon and his family, however, remain high up among the rocks where they bark defiance at all strangers, and when they walk around, they still hold up their tails to ease the smarting rock-burn of their bald patched bottoms.

European settlers began stock farming and deforestation in the Cederberg in the eighteenth century. Heuningvlei is a village in Joe Morolong Local Municipality in the Northern cape province of South Africa at the foot of the Cederberg Mountains.  The name of the village means "the hollow of the bees where water gathers". It was  founded in 1825, when a Khoisan woman married a Dutch settler. The area was formerly owned by the company Turner and Newhall. Asbestos was  was mined at Heuningvlei until 1979, and many local residents suffer from asbestos-related disease.In 2004 the Cederberg Wilderness received World Heritage Site status as part of the Cape Floristic Region. Because approximately 90% of wine production occurs within the Cape floral Region, concern is mounting that some of the region's most vulnerable natural habitat might be targeted for vineyard expansion. Following an initial study by the Botanical Society of South Africa and Conservation International, the wine industry and the conservation sector have embarked on a pioneering partnership to conserve the rich biodiversity of the CFK.


Kamba Zebra Mask

Working with more than 100 individual carvers in Machakos, Kenya,Jedando Modern Handicrafts markets african handicrafts primarily made of wood and bone worldwide. Carving is a tradition in Kenya with the children learning the craft from their parents. Carved by hand using only rudimentary hand tools, olive wood bowls, salad serving sets, and animal-shaped napkin rings take shape from pieces of olive wood, mahogany, and mpingo, or "African Ebony".
An integral part of the organization's function is to educate the craftspeople on the need for reforestation to enable the products to be available for years to come and offer a sustainable income for generations. The Kamba or Akamba people are a Bantu people who represent 11% of Kenya's population. They speak Kikamba and are based in Makueni, Machakos and Kitui, some have been prominent figures in Kenyan politics and culture. . The Akamba are still known for their fine work in wood carving, basket making and pottery.  Their artistic inclination is evidenced in the sculpture work that is on display in many craft shops and galleries in the major cities and towns of Kenya. The zebra depicted here is possibly a Grant's zebra (
Equus quagga boehmi) as they can be seen in the area grazing next to giraffes.

Kyrgyzstan (capital city Bishkek)  has a landmass of 199,951 km2 and a population of 5,719,500 inhabitants. It is a timeless land of valley, mountains, lakes and steppes. Geographically isolated by its highly mountainous terrain, Kyrgyzstan has preserved much of its  ancient culture . The name Kyrgyz means  'forty' and represents the forty nomadic tribes united as Kygyzstanis by Manas. Composed in 995, The oral poem Epic of Manas is the world's longest poem with 500,00 lines long and is recited in musical form by the manaschi, it was transcribed by Saiakbai Karalaev in the 20thC. Manas is buried in the Ala-Too in the North-West.  Nomadic people camp in yurts, which are big strong tents to protect from the harsh weather on the steppes. A yurt features on the national flag of Kyrgyzstan.  The official language, Kyrgyz, is closely related to the other Turkik languages,   although Russian  remains widely spoken as a second language, a legacy of a century-long policy of Russification   64%  of the population are non-denominational Muslims and 14% are Christian orthodox.   In addition to its Turkic origins, Kyrgyz culture bears elements of Persian, Mongolian and Russian  influence.
Genetic studies have showns that the Kyrgyz are descended from the  original population if Siberia.
Long inhabited by a succession of independent tribes and clans, Kyrgyzstan traded by The Issyk Kul Lake on the Northern border because it was on the old Silk Road trade-routes. In 1207, The Kyrgyz peacefully became a part of the Mongol Empire. In the 18th C, the area was administered by the Manchu Chinese.  In the early 19C the area was under the control of its Western neighbour Uzbekhistan and reconquered by the Chinese Qing dynasty. In 1876, Kyrgyztan became part of the Russian Empire after a Sino-Russian treaty. As such it became part of the Soviet Union despite the 1916 rising, and gained its independence when the Soviet Union broke up in 1991.  Since then, about 101.000  ethnic Germans  took advantage of a law passed in Germany to emigrate there  . More than 600,000 people emigrated in the 1990s, many of them members were members of neighbouring  ethnic minorities and Russians.
The journalist Azimzhan Asakarov showed concerns about human rights in Kyrgyzstan especially against Uzbek minorities (which represent 14.5% of the population), and was arrested by the authorities. In 2014, A law banning women under the age of twenty-three from traveling abroad without a parent or guardian was passed.
The national instrument of Kyrgyzstan is the komuz lute.  Variations of the komuz spread to several eastern European countries such as the Ukraine, Poland and Hungary during the 4th-5th century A.D, during the mass migration of the Huns into the region. There they became known with similar variations of the name. The oldest guitar/lute can be seen on a Hittite stele in Alacahöyük Anatolia (Turkey) - thus pinpointing the origin of guitars in central Asia.