E is for Erithrea

 Cave painting at Qohaito showing dromedaries and possibly zebras date from 5th millennium BC in the area became home to the Ashtun kingdom until the 6th century AD.

Erithrea is ten times smaller than Ethiopia and located to the north of it. In the 1st century AD, there was a kingdom called the Ashtun. It separated via referendum  in 1993. Its capital is Asmara. At the recycling market of Medebar, tiny workshops turn old tins into coffee pots, artillery shells into combs and old tyres into sandals. There are 6,333,133 people living in Erithrea and half of them belong to the Tigrinya people.  The name Erithrea derives from the Greek word Erythra Thalassa  meaning 'Red sea' . The red Sea which borders erithrea is featured in the story of Moses and it is 305 km wide. It divides Africa and Asia. At Buya in Eritrea, Italian scientists found remains of hominids dated to over 1 million years old, it is the oldest skeletal find of its kind and provides a link between hominids and the earliest humans from the Ethiopia. The Red sea coast was home to early human settlements and It is believed that the area was on the route out of Africa that some scholars suggest was used by early humans to colonize the rest of the Old World. In 1999, the Eritrean Research Project Team composed of Eritrean, Canadian, American, Dutch and French scientists discovered a site with stone and obsidian tools dated to over 125,000 years old near the Bay of Zula The tools are believed to have been used by early humans to harvest marine resources like clams and oysters.