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Djibouti (Arabic:  جيبوتي‎) is an African country of 23.000 km2  located between the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. Dubbed 'the valley of hell' by visiting European explorer, the climate in Djibouti is very hot and dry. whch means that the country has spectacular landcapes with limestone columns emerging from flat plains.  At the lowest point in Africa, deep in a crater and 150 m below sea-level, there is the world's second biggest salt lake - the world's biggest salt reserve. For centuries the local Afar people traded 'amole' or salt-blocks as currency.  To these days, tradition from the Afar people survive such as the 'gunfura' a an afro-hairstyle created using butter which protects the people from the blistering sun. Apart from the Afar, there is is also a group of people called the Issa.  872,932 people live in Djibouti and their language is arabic and French. Tasharrafna means 'pleased to meet you, and the capital city is the town of Djibouti. Near the bay of Tadjoura lives the whale shark, it is - the world's largest fish  and has a similar size as a double-decker bus ; it eats pankton).
During Antiquity, djibouti ,t ogether with northern Somalia, Eritrea and the Red Sea coast of Sudan, was part of the Land of Punt (or Ta Netjeru, meaning "God's Land"). The first mention of the Land of Punt dates to the 25th century BC. The Puntites  had close relations with Ancien Egypt during Queen Hatshepsut. According to the temple reliefs at Deir-el-Bahari, the Land of Punt was ruled at that time by King Parahu and Queen Ati.

Then in the middle ages it became the seat of the Adal and Ifat sultanates. As a French colony in the 19c it was part of the lands of Somalia. When somalia voted for its independence in 1960, Djibouti remained with France but It voted for its independence  in 1967 then  joined the United Nations in 1977. Nowadays it is a power-sharing republic and  94% of the inhabitants of Djibouti are Muslims.


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