teanga - language

This is my homework page for the Irish language. I used the template from this website and various resources stated below. I would like to learn Irish because I feel that it is relevant to understand the culture and the history of the island where I live in particular, and Celtic cultures in general. Many scholars in both parts of Ireland have been fascinated by the language, and for me as a linguist it represents a challenge to learn a Celtic language. It also seems that there is an interest for the Irish language within Europe due to our common Celtic heritage and modern cultural and economic relationship.

about the Irish language

Irish is an ancient language, with a limited number of speakers nowadays, but it still attract many people and is one of the official languages of the Republic of Ireland.
According to irishlanguage.net, the earliest form of the language, Primitive Irish, is found in ogham inscriptions up to about the 4th century. After the conversion to Christianity, Old Irish begins to appear as glosses in the margins of Latin manuscripts, beginning in the 6th century, until it gives way in the 10th century to Middle Irish. Modern Irish dates from about the 16th century. Irish being  a Celtic language, it has peculiar features which are unknown to other languages.


in Irish there are broad vowels (A, O, U) and slender vowels (I, E)

there is no letter K

there are tonic accents (fada)

/*/ e  in endings, the a in the words ag, na, an
/a/ - a,
/è/ - e,
/é/: é, ae
/i/ i ,
/o/ o,
/u/ u
/ö/ (rare sound)
diphtongues (double vowels)
/ay/ ay, /au/ au /oy/ oy<

/b/ b

/d/ d
/f/ f , ph
/g/ g /gw/ dh+ broad<
ž/ gh + slender
/k/ c 
/kv/ qu + a, o
/z/ -
/š/ s + slender
/s/ s + broad
/th/ t+ slender (pronounce like Thin)
/t/ t+ broad
/y/ gh + slender, /ye/ ia
/pause/- h as a consonant on its own (not preceded by c or p - h makes a vowel sound longer.
/v/- v
special characters: á, ú, ó, í (vowel with fada)
for verbs ending with "n" pronounce /en/

http://www.crctlessons.com/images/empty-set.jpg gh end of word, vowels that are written down for grammatical reasons consonants
a slender vowel before consonant is followed by slender vowel after the consonant; same rule with broad. There is an accent on the letter that is meant to be pronounced.
Two genders
Declension:- nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, vocative