Swahili homework

 
2011 - elfu mbili kumi na moja http://image.linotype.com/samples/text/500364.gif

Welcome to the Internet Living Swahili Dictionary | The Kamusi Project

International collaborative effort to establish new dictionaries and learning resources for the Swahili language (Kiswahili).
kamusiproject.org/ - Cached - Similar


verify words on google in Swahili -->

Swahili - Google

Pambazuka - Africa: Google moves into Swahili



Swahili
or Kiswahili, is the official language of Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda.  Swahili speakers can also be found in surrounding countries, such as Burundi, Rwanda, Mozambique and the Democratic Republic of Congo.While only 5-10 million people speak Swahili as their first language, as a second language, there are over 50 million speakers, making it the most widely spoken African language in the world. As a part of the Bantu language family, Swahili is related to a variety of languages from Southern Africa to West Africa. While some Bantu languages, like Xhosa and Zulu are click languages, Swahili does not use clicks, so pronunciation is generally not difficult for English speakers.
http://www.portcities.org.uk/london/upload/img_400/Map_Swahili_400.gif

Vowels

Swahili has five vowels: a, e, i, o, u. If you are familiar with Spanish or Japanese, the vowels are pronounced the same. If not, they are pronounced:

pronunciation: 

the different sounds

letters are always pronounced the same and as you see them

it is important that you pronounce each vowel, even when one vowel follows another.

There are no diphthongs in Swahili; however, foreign names and loan words may contain them.

vowels:

/a/ a

/è/ e

/i/, i

/o/ o

/ou/ u

/oue/ w

/*/ no silent letters

consonants

/b/ b

/d/d

/f/ f

/g/gh

/k/ k

/p/ p

/h/ h

/dž/ j

/s/   s

/z/ z

/r-soft/ r

/š/ sh

/t/  t, th

/x/ (jota) gh

/ñ/ ny

/č/ ch

/v/ v

/y/y

/pause/ -

/th/dh

/m/m

/n/ n

/:/ no tonic accents nor special characters

 

Mwezi . Mwezi wa kwanza (Januari). Mwezi wa pili (Februari).  Mwezi wa tatu (Machi) . Mwezi wa nne (Aprili). Mwezi wa tano (Mei). Mwezi wa sita (Juni) . Mwezi wa saba (Julai) . Mwezi wa nane (Agosti).  Mwezi wa tisa (Septemba). Mwezi wa kumi (Oktoba) . Mwezi wa kumi na moja (Novemba) Mwezi wa kumi na mbili (Desemba).


wiki
- Jumatatu. Jumanne. Jumatano. Alhamisi. Ijumaa. Jumamosi. Jumapili.

Seasons

Swahili speaking countries generally experience 2 seasons: rainy/hot and cold/dry. Swahili does not have words for "autumn" or "spring", etc.

Equivalent expressions are: Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter:

majira ya machipuko, (Spring)

kiangazi, (Summer)

majira ya majani kupukukika, (Autumn)

majira ya baridi (Winter)

numbers:


1 - moja
2 - mbili
3 - tatu
4 - nne
5 - tano
6 - sita
7 - saba
8 - nane
9 - tisa
10 - kumi
11 - kumi na moja
12 - kumi
12 kumi na wawili.
13 kumi na tatu.
14 kumi na nne.
15 kumi na tano.
16 kumi na sita.
17 kumi na saba.
18 kumi na nane.
19 kumi na tisa.
20 ishirini.
21. ishirini na mmoja.
22. ishirini na wawili.
23. ishirini na watatu.
24 ishirini na nne.
25 ishirini na tano.
26. 
ishirini na sita
27  ishirini na saba
28 
ishirini na nane
29
ishirini na tisa
 30. thelathini.
31. thelathini na moja.

2010 - elfu mbili na kumi
Heri ya mwaka mpya. - Happy New Year

maneno / expressions
yes/ no - ndivo/hakuna
Hello (to one person) hujambo
Hello (to a group), hamjambo
Hello (formal)shikamoo
Hello (response from one person), sijambo
Hello (response from a group) ,hatujambo
 formal - marahaba
How are you? Habari yako?
(fine, thank you) Niko Salama
Excuse me - samahani
can I have (something) please?

ninaweza kuwa (kitu) tafadhali?
Thank you asante
(answer: you're welcome) karibu
I don't understand - sielewi
my Swahili is terrible :kiswahili changu ni kibaya sana
no thanks. (polite) - sihitaji
Please help - msaada
my name is (name)- jina langu ni (jina)
what is your name? jina lako ni nani?
Where are you from? Unatopa wapi?
I live in (location)- Mimi kuishi katika (eneo)
How old are you? Una umri gani?
I am (number) years-old. - mimi ni miaka (idadi) zamani)
Goodbye!
- Kawheri
See you soon! - tutuona baadaye




What? (ask about an object) Nini?
What is happening? (ask about an action)
Nini kinachotokea
Who? (ask about a person) - nani?
When? (ask about a time or a date)- wakati?
Where? (ask about a location)- wapi?
How much does it cost? je gharama kiasi gani?
How many? (ask about the quantity)Saa ngapi
What time is it?  (ask about the time)ni saa?
It is (number) o'clock
- ni saa... asubuhi

In Swahili, the morning does not begin at midnight (12 AM); instead, it begins at 7:00 AM. Daytime revolves around the rising and setting of the sun, which typically begins to rise around 7 AM and set at 7 PM in the areas where Swahili is spoken. For English speakers, this can be confusing; however, those who learn how to tell time in Swahili will admit that it is more logical than the English system, in which midnight is considered "morning", even though no one begins their day at midnight.

So, to say the time in Swahili, you need to add (or subtract) 6 from the English time. 7:00 in America will be expressed as the first hour (1:00) in Swahili. AM is expressed with asubuhi (morning) and PM is typically marked with usiku (night). Because the daytime begins at 7 AM, hours from midnight to 6 AM will be expressed with usiku, as these are nighttime hours in Swahili. Jioni (evening) can be used in place of usiku for hours that are not so late, such as 7 PM.

http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2282/2400718293_11b60afd8d.jpg

Jiografia - geography

North America South America The Pacific Ocean The Atlantic Ocean Europe Africa Asia The Indian Ocean Australia the South Pole, the world.
Amerika ya Kaskazini. Amerika ya Kusini. Bahari Pasifiki. Bahari ya Atlantiki. Ulaya. Afrika. Asia. Bahari ya Hindi. Australia. Ncha ya Kusini. la dunia.


United Kingdom 
Uingereza
Ireland 
Eire, Ayalandi
France 
Ufaransa
Germany 
Udachi, Ujerumani
United States 
Marekani
Kenya 
Kenya
Tanzania 
Tanzania
Zanzibar (Tanzanian Island) 
Unguja
Uganda 
Uganda
Democratic Republic of the Congo 
Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo


East. West. North. South. 
- Mashariki. Magharibi. Kaskazini. Kusini.

hali ya hewa. - the weather.
storm. rain. sun and clouds. sun. fog. snow. dhoruba. mvua. jua na mawingu. jua. ukungu. theluji.

http://fineartamerica.com/images-small/john-one-1-michael-carter.jpg

maumbo - shapes
 
circle, cylinder, cube, square, triangle, cone, polygon, cross, line, crescent, rectangle, half-circle, star
(nouns). mduara. silinda. cube. mraba. pembetatu. koni. Pembenyingi. msalaba. line. mpevu. Mstatili. nusu ya mduara. nyota.

rangi (sifa) - colours (adjectives)
  orange, yellow, blue, red, green, dark-blue,  purple, pink, grey, brown, black, white,  -  dark
machungwa, njano, bluu, nyekundu, kijani, giza-bluu, zambarau, nyekundu, rangi ya kijivu, kahawia, nyeusi, nyeupe, - giza

hii ni duara nyekundu.  - this is a red circle.
mduara ni nyekundu. - the circle is red

http://pernille.typepad.com/louderthanswahili/images/2008/01/23/tz07_tingatinga_slipway02_2.jpg

wanyama - animals
images
the panda. the bear. the lion. the kangaroo. the tortoise. the elephant. the porcupine. the snake. the seal. the hippopotamus. the deer. the giraffe. the dog. the gazelle.the sheep. the goat. the young goat. the goose. the lamb. the horse. the cow. the bird. the calf. the  pig. the piglet. the duck. the duckling. the mouse. the dog. the cat. the donkey. the zebra.

ya panda. ya kubeba. ya simba. ya kangaroo. ya kobe. ya tembo. ya nungu. nyoka. muhuri. ya kiboko. ya kulungu. ya twiga. mbwa. ya paa. kondoo. mbuzi. mbuzi wa vijana. ya bata mrefu. kondoo. farasi. ng'ombe. ndege. ndama. nguruwe. nguruwe vijana. ya bata vijana. ya bata. panya. mbwa. paka. punda. ya pundamilia.


nyumbani. - home
image
image

the house. the car. the window. the bicycle. the garden. the fence. the gate. the chimney.  the door. the roof. the wall. .the family.
a (male) friend. a (female) friend.  a (male) neighbour.  a female neighbour. a parent. an adult. a child. a man. a woman , a person. people.

nyumba. gari. ya dirisha. baiskeli. bustani. ya ua. lango. ya bomba. mlango. paa. ukuta. . Ya familia. rafiki (wa kiume). rafiki (wa kike). jirani (wa kiume). jirani wa kike. mzazi. an adult. mtoto. mtu. mwanamke, mtu. watu.

photo: http://www.kenyawebshop.com/

Nomino Jiografia (location preposition)
katika, ndani, nje, nje ya eneo (in, into, out, out of)
vielezi jirografia (location adverbs)
ndani, nje (inside, outside)
image
hatua, harakati - action and movement
I am in the house.  (no action, no movement)
I am going into the house (an action, a movement)
I am inside (inside replaces "in the house" no action and no movement)
I am going inside (inside replaces "into the house" action and movement)


Mimi niko ndani ya nyumba. (Hakuna hatua, hakuna harakati)
Mimi kwenda ndani ya nyumba (hatua, harakati)
mimi ni ndani (ndani ya nafasi ya "nyumbani" hakuna hatua na hakuna harakati)
Mimi kwenda ndani (ndani ya nafasi "ndani ya nyumba" hatua na harakati)

The garden is outside the house. (no action, no movement)
I am going out of the house  (an action, a movement)
The garden is outside (outside replaces "outside the house" no action, no movement)
I am going outside (outside replaces "out of the house - action, movement) 

bustani ni nje ya nyumba. (Hakuna hatua, hakuna harakati) Mimi kwenda nje ya nyumba (hatua, harakati)
bustani ni nje (nje ya nafasi "nje ya nyumba" hakuna hatua, hakuna harakati)
Mimi kwenda nje (nje ya nafasi "nje ya nyumba - hatua, harakati)









mazingira ya vijijini  - the rural landscape
image
the fish. the lake. the boat. the bridge. the field. the river. . the crow. the rabbit. the pathway. the tent. the fishing rod.  the apple. the tree. the leaf. the branch. the flower. the grass. the bee. the snail. the caterpillar. the butterfly. the insect. the fox.  the cloud. the spider. the village. the school. the mountain. the hill. the stable. the barn.

samaki. ziwa. mashua. daraja. shamba. mto. hajawika. sungura. ya njia. hema. fimbo uvuvi. mboni. mti. ya majani. tawi. ua. majani. nyuki. ya konokono. ya kiwavi. ya kipepeo. ya wadudu. mbweha. wingu. buibui. ya kijiji. ya shule. mlima. kilima. imara. ya ghalani. 

 
kuna - there is, there are
There is a tree by the lake.
There are three animals in the field.
the sun is above the field. 
The fish is swimming in the river.
The rope is hanging from the tree.
The village is on the hill.
The school is at the end of the pathway.
 In a rural landscape, there are villages, fields, hills etc.

Kuna mti karibu na ziwa.
Kuna wanyama tatu katika shamba.
jua ni juu ya mashamba.
Samaki anaogelea katika mto huo.
kamba ni kunyongwa kutoka kwa mti.
kijiji ni juu ya kilima.
Shule ni mwisho wa njia ya.
Katika mazingira ya vijijini, kuna vijiji, mashamba, milima nk


http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/images/h2/h2_1999.47.110.jpg
body and clothes -
image
a hat,,a t-shirt, a suit, a coat
a jumper, a dress, a shirt, a pyjama, a trousers, gloves, shoes
a jacket, socks, sunglasses, goggles, pants, make up, veil
a towel, an umbrella, a uniform, a mask,
a necklace, a bracelet, a watch, a ring, earrings, a tattoo
 a cane, a wheelchair, a walking frame, prosthetics, glasses

a hand, a finger, an arm, a foot, a leg,  a head, the abdomen
a face, an eye, a mouth,a tooth, a nose,  an ear,  hair,
a bone, a skull, a body, a skleleton, a wound, a scar, blood
adjectives: happy, sad, injured, ill, disabled, angry, tired, OK


kofia, t-shirt, suti, kanzu, 
na sweta, mavazi, shati, a pajama, na suruali, glavu, viatu,
koti, soksi, miwani, usalama, suruali, vipodosi,  pazia
kitambaa. mwavuli. sare, hila
mkufu, bangili, lindo, pete, pete, chale,
ya miwa. gurudumu-mwenyekiti. sura ya kutembea. sehemu ya mwili bandia. miwani.
mkono, kidole, mkono, mguu, mguu, kichwa, tumbo 
uso, jicho, mdomo, jino, pua, masikio, nywele,
mfupa. fuvu. mwili. mfupa muundo. jeraha. kovu. damu.

damu sifa: furaha, huzuni, kujeruhiwa, wagonjwa, walemavu, hasira, nimechoka, faini

tools
tundu, kikapu, ya toroli, ndoo, the shovel, the rake, the typewriter, ya trekta., ya gari, ya lori, the crane, the forklift-truck, the cone, ya jukwaa, chapeo, ya bisibisi, ya parafujo, nyundo, the nail, ufagio, ya sponji, ya mashine, kizuizi, ya simu, internet-mtandao, kompyuta, kalamu, karatasi, kamera, ya mkasi , the paperclip, the needle, the ribbon, ya mpira-stempu, the calculator, the roll, the stapler, sanduku, the folder, the bin, daftari, penseli, the eraser, the plug/the cable/the socket, the tap, the lightbulb, the spanner, the ruler, picha, kitabu, fedha, ya vocha, bodi, the paintbrush,  the palette, the paint, kamba, gunia, the trolley, the trailer, the container, the gaffer-mkanda, the bag, ya kifungo, the keyboard, ya kufuatilia
http://www.airlinecity.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/12/air-tanzania-at-jro-aug-2007.jpg
transport
ya treni, the locomotive, wimbo wa relitaa, the fir mti, the sledge, ya mizigo,  the flag, the carriage, tiketi, the clock, the signal, reli, kituo,ya muda-meza,  ramani,
bahari. basi. motorway. metro. ya teksi. ya barabara. ya lami.
ya ndege. uwanja wa ndege. mkokoteni na farasi.  abiria. mizigo. treni-jukwaa.  utalii (?)
umeme. nishati. kituo cha petroli. makaa ya mawe. petroli. kuni. upepo-tabo (?). pylon.
bomba. kituo cha nguvu. mvuke-engine. horsepower. mfumo ya maji taka.
engine. gurudumu. kiti. tairi.
gereji, maegesho-nafasi, gari-park, basi-stop
trafiki. trafiki-ishara. pundamilia kuvuka. trafiki taa.
steamer. mfereji-mashua. mfereji. chombo-meli. mashua. feri. Quay. lighthouse.
waiting-room, public toilets,  ATM, mobile phone,
barua. muhuri. wa baada ya ofisi. ATM mashine. simu-simu. 
a Postcard. pesa-utaratibu. vending-mashine. desturi. mpaka. nchi. pasi




http://english.cri.cn/mmsource/images/2005/11/07/art1.jpg

Article

an article is a small word that tells you how many units of noun there are, and what gender the noun is. Numbers and portions can be used as articles. Some languages do not use articles with the noun (it is implied). 


1 = number,    1. = ordinal number (an ordinal number indicates a position)

 


These stems, which designate the owners, must have a prefix, i.e.: the pronominal prefix which agrees with the thing (or person) "owned": kitabu changu , my book. Because the possessive stems begin with vowels, the sound changes described in paragraph 12 will apply, as seen in the examples below.

mtoto wangu my child

Word Order: Note that the possessive pronoun always follows the noun "owned". When more than one word modifies a noun and one of them is the possessive, the possessive follows immediately after the noun:

Mkeka wangu mzuri My nice mat
Zawadi zake nyingi Her many gifts
Wazazi wangu wawili My two parents

Possessives with animate vs. inanimate "owner"; when the owner is a person, a distinction is made between singular and plural owners:

Mtoto... miguu yake The child... her legs
Watoto... miguu yao The children... their legs

But when the owner is a thing, -ake is used for both singular and plural owners:

Kiti... miguu yake The chair... its legs
Kiti... miguu yake The chairs... their legs

http://www.kamusiproject.org/grammar?q=pronouns

portions:

a cup of coffee
kikombe cha kahawa  (kahawa = coffee)
a kilo of potatoes
kilo moja ya viazi  (moja = 1, viazi = potatoes)

A noun

A noun is a word to name a person, a place or thing.
If the spelling of a noun changes because of its position in the sentence, this is called declension. Students also need to check the gender and the plural form of their nouns. 
Common nouns are the names for things we can see and touch. Abstract nouns are the names for things we cannot see and touch.

Proper nouns are the special names, used for a person, a place or a thing. A proper noun starts with a capital letter

complex noun:

bakuli ya mpunga.   rice: mchele.


There are 18 noun classes in Swahili. Swahili nouns change orthography in genitive form.

Pronoun

a pronoun is a word that can take the place of a noun. Some languages do not write down personal pronouns (they are implied)

"Thing" (kitu)  and "person" (watu)  and "location" are not exactly pronouns because they need an article you can use them to replace a noun if you can't remember its name but do not forget 

Personal Pronouns

English Swahili
I Mimi
We Sisi
You (singular) Wewe
You (plural) nyinyi
He Yeye
She Yeye
They Wao

Class 1 Mtoto

wangu

wako

wake

wetu

wenu

wao








there are 18 classes of nouns, hence 18 classes of pronouns.

Adjectives

an adjective is a word that describes a noun or a pronoun. It can also describe who the noun or the pronoun belongs to or how many there are. position of the adjective: after the noun, whether there is a declension or adjustment to gender or plural. 

hii ni duara nyekundu.  - this is a red circle. 

East. West. North. South.  - Mashariki. Magharibi. Kaskazini. Kusini. 

rangi (sifa) - colours (adjectives)
  orange, yellow, blue, red, green, dark-blue,  purple, pink, grey, brown, black, white,  -  dark
machungwa, njano, bluu, nyekundu, kijani, giza-bluu, zambarau, nyekundu, rangi ya kijivu, kahawia, nyeusi, nyeupe, - giza

emotions - adjectives: happy, sad, injured, ill, disabled, angry, tired, OK - furaha, huzuni, kujeruhiwa, wagonjwa, walemavu, hasira, nimechoka, faini

Verb

by hassan@magma.ca  : Swahili verbs always carry with them the subject (and sometimes the object) and the tense. For example, Ninakula, is a complete sentence which means "I am eating". Ni- prefix stands for the subject "I", the -na- affix stands for "am" showing the tense i.e. the "present continuous" tense, and -kula is the root of the verb "eat".

Another example, Alitupa zawadi which means "He/She gave us gifts". First of all note that in the Swahili language, the pronouns are the same for all the genders - he, him, she, and her are not distinguishable in Swahili - same words, prefixes, affixes and suffixes are used. The well sought after "gender equality" is in-built in the Swahili language!! Now back to the sentence. The prefix A- stands for the subject "He" or "She", the -li- affix indicates the past tense, the -tu- affix stands for the object "us", and -pa is the root of the verb "give".

More examples:

Nilikula - I ate
Nimekula - I have eaten
Ninakula - I am eating
Nitakula - I will eat
 
If you have any comments or questions, I'd be pleased to receive them at: hassan@magma.ca
Present Tense kuwa (to be)
mimi ni sisi ni
weve ni
weve ni
yehe/yake/yetu ni
wao/yao (F)  are


Present Tense to go
mimi naenda Sisi ni kwenda
Wewe ni kwenda Wewe ni kwenda
Yeye / Ni ni kwenda Wanakwenda

A verb is a word that is used to tell what a person or thing does. Verbs change according to who is involved. Verbs change according to when they take place. Action verbs involve movement - inanimate objects do not require an action verb.

TO BE  on its own  provides no action to a sentence: the subject complement re-identifies the subject; the adjective complement modifies it.


mduara ni nyekundu. - the circle is red

Adverb

An adverb is a word that describes a verb. Usually it describes how, where, when or how often it happens. The spelling of an adverb never changes.

vielezi jirografia (location adverbs)
ndani, nje (inside, outside)

Preposition

A preposition is a word that links one noun or a pronoun to another one. Prepositions often describe where someone or something is, or where it is moving towards, or where it is moving towards.

Nomino Jiografia (location preposition)
katika, ndani, nje, nje ya eneo (in, into, out, out of)

Or

a particle that you can find after a verb that changes its meaning.


3. When designation of a person follows kwa, the appropriate possessive stem is used:
kwangu for (or to) me
kwako for (or to) you (singular)
kwao for (or to) them

Conjunction

A conjunction is a word to join two parts of sentences or two words together. Conjunctions are used when you want to make lists, or comparisons, or explain things with two sentences.

Expressions and proverbs

An expression is a group of words that never changes. A proverb is a sentence that never changes. A quote is a group of words that someone has used before and you need put them into "...." . An interjection is a single word expression and it doesn't need a full sentence. 

My name is Dominique.  jina langu ni Dominique

I live in Belfast - Mimi kuishi katika Belfast.

What time is it? Saa ngapi?

 What is happening? nini kinachotokea?

goodbye - Kwaheri!

see you soon - Tutuonana baadaye.

thank you (you're welcome) Asante (Karibu)

peke y- alone:
    Nilikwenda peke yangu I went alone
    Anakaa peke yake She lives alone



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