How to install a KDE Desktop Arch Linux System.
1. Download the iso from www.archlinx.org and burn it to a CD.
2. Follow the Installation guide this will give you a base system which you use to start building your system.
3. The default login for the 'Super User' is root without any password. You need to assign a password to your root account. Type password then <ENTER> at the command prompt. The system will then ask you for a new UNIX password. Type the password of your choosing (note: the screen will not show you what you're typing) and press <ENTER>. You will be asked for the password again, for confirmation. So re-enter the password and then press <ENTER>
4. Next get your network started. Edit /etc/resolf.conf and put nameserver 192.168.0.1 if you are using a router. Next edit rc.conf set eth0=dhcpcd you may also need to add this to the DEAMONS section adding: DAEMONS=( add dhcpcd eth0 to the end of the line.
5. Ensure pacman is up to date type pacman -Syu<ENTER>
6. To install automounting/hardware detection type:
pacman -Sy hal
pacman -Sy hwd
Then add dbus, hal and hwd to the daemons section in rc.conf
7. Next add your users using adduser and add groups: audio, optical and storage to each of the users using gpasswd -a <user> <group>
8. Setup X - Follow the Archlinux Xorg Guide remember you will also need to install your video driver.
You will probable need to install some additional fonts, search with pacman -Ss font
For Firefox - copy userChrome-example.css --> userChrome.css and edit.
9. Use alsaconf to install your sound card:
First install pacman -S alsa-utils then use alsaconf, to save alsamixer settings alsactl store.
To test sound: cat /dev/urandom > /dev/dsp
10. xchat with spell checking:
Enable ABS - The Arch Build System copy /var/abs/extra/network/xchat --> /var/abs/local edit PKGBUILD modify enable_spell=none --> enable_spell=static and build + install then install aspell-en & gtkspell.
11. Install Sudo for Shutdown / Reboot
Install it like this:
# pacman -Sy sudo
Then execute “visudo” as root (note: “visudo” works the same way as
the “vi” editor) and add the following at the bottom (if you are member
of the “users” group):
%users ALL=(root) NOPASSWD: /sbin/shutdown
%users ALL=(root) NOPASSWD: /sbin/halt
%user ALL=(root) NOPASSWD: /sbin/reboot
This will enable you to shutdown and reboot without being prompted for your password, like this for example:
$ sudo reboot
This you can add to menu items and or buttons.
To Install KDE I used:
pacman -Sy kdeutils kdeaddons kdemultimedia kdegraphics all on one line, then press <ENTER>.
To start KDE you need to edit .xinitrc and put exec numlocks & startkde.
pacman -S audacious-player
pacman -S audacious-plugins
pacman -S curl <-- needed to listen to internet radio
As of glibc 2.3.6, glibc does not provide all locales. You must edit
/etc/locale.gen and uncomment the locales you want built, then run
locale-gen as root.
Need to modify rc.conf (uk=british) and xorg.conf (gb=british)