Compare the following three verses.
And the angel of Jehovah came up from Gilgal to Bochim. And he said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I said, I will never break my covenant with you. (Judges 2:1, ASV)
And when we cried unto Jehovah, he heard our voice, and sent an angel, and brought us forth out of Egypt: and, behold, we are in Kadesh, a city in the uttermost of thy border. (Numbers 20:16, ASV)
I am Jehovah thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. (Exodus 20:2, ASV)
In Judges 2:1 we are told that the messenger of Yahweh brought Israel out of Egypt. In Numbers 20:16 we are told that a messenger brought Israel out of Egypt. And in Exodus 20:2 we are told that Yahweh brought Israel out of Egypt. The only conclusion that we can make based on these three passages is that the “messenger,” “messenger of Yahweh” and “Yahweh” are synonyms for the same thing.
Messengers are identified as men (Genesis 18:2, Judges 13:6)
· Messengers have extra-ordinary power (Genesis 18:10, Genesis 19:11)
· Messengers are identified as Elohim (Genesis 19:29, Genesis 32:30, Genesis 48:16, Exodus 3:2,4, Judges 6:23, Judges 13:22)
· Messengers are identified as Yahweh (Genesis 16:3, Genesis 18:22, Exodus 3:2,7)