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The messengers

Just as we can see both a henotheistic (as a physical entity) and a panentheistic (as the creation itself) view of Elohim, we find the same dual perspective of the messengers within the text.

Praise him, all his messengers; praise him, all his army! (Psalm 148:2, LT)

This passage is written in the Hebraic form of poetry called parallelism where one idea is expressed in two different ways. Therefore, the word messengers (translated as angels in most translations) are being paralleled with forces (translated as host in most translations), the messengers are the army. We have previously seen the messengers as physical entities, but in other passages we find the messengers as the creation itself.

And the sky and the land and all their forces (tseva’ot) accomplished their task. (Genesis 2:1, LT)

In this passage the forces is being paralleled with the sky and the land, the creation.

And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun and the moon and the stars, even all the host of heaven, thou be drawn away and worship them, and serve them, which Jehovah thy God hath allotted unto all the peoples under the whole heaven. (Deuteronomy 4:19, ASV)

Here the forces (host) are again being paralleled with the creation, specifically the sun, moon and stars.

Who maketh winds his messengers; Flames of fire his ministers. (Psalm 104:4, ASV)

Here the messengers are being paralleled with the winds.

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