What to do in FEBRUARY

        and try these websites for more help and guidance 




Finish digging the vegetable garden, leaving the ground rough so that the frosts can help to break the soil down.


Tidy up the plants in established herbaceous borders and spread well rotted compost or manure between the plants.

Check any vegetables still in store for signs of decay  and discard.


Firm in any roses loosened by wind or frost.

Continue to harvest winter cabbages, leeks, and Brussels sprouts.


If the ground is frozen or wet, heel in bare-rooted roses.

Cover areas intended for early sowing with polythene to warm the soil.


Check and discard stored dahlia tubers showing signs of decay.

Chit early potatoes in a well-lit frost free place


Sow sweet peas outdoors at the end of the month, where they are to flower.

Plant shallots 15cm (6 inches) apart in rows 20cm (8 inch) apart.


Plant lily bulbs, gladioli and anemone corms in mild areas.

Sow salad onions 12mm (½ inch) deep in rows 15cm (6 inch) apart.


Prune Buddleia davidii bushes towards the end of the month in mild areas .

Sow parsnips 12mm (½ inch) deep in rows 30cm apart.


Prune dogwoods to encourage stem growth for autumn and winter colours.

Sow onions12mm (½ inch) deep in rows 23cm (9 inch) apart.


Trim winter-flowering heathers as soon as the flowers fade using hedging shears.

From mid to late February sow early peas and broad beans directly into the ground in mild areas.


Prune winter-flowering jasmine as soon as the flowers fade - it may continue to flower until April in some areas

Thin autumn sown lettuce to 20cm (8 inch) apart.


Any weeding done now will pay dividends later in the year. Do not add perennial weeds to the compost heap; burn them instead.



Finish applying tar-oil winter wash before the buds start to swell.


Clean, sharpen and oil all lawn equipment.

Mulch all newly planted trees, bushes and fruit-canes.


Keep off the lawn when the surface is wet or frosted.

Cut down canes that bore fruit last autumn on established autumn-fruiting raspberries down to ground level.


Be aware of emerging bulb shoots in the lawn and avoid treading on them.

To produce an early crop cover some strawberry plants with cloches.


Continue to aerate established lawns when the weather is suitable.

Fruit trees growing in grassed orchards can be fed with a high nitrogen fertilizer.


In mild areas when the weather and ground condition is suitable, cut the grass with the cutters set on high.

Cut out all dead, diseased and damaged wood and remove any mummified fruit from the previous season


If stepping-stones have settled, lift them and put sharp sand underneath. Use a board to check that they are level with the surrounding lawn.



Set chrysanthemum stools into boxes of clean compost and place in the greenhouse. Water the compost. They will need a little heat and plenty of light.


If paths are icy and slippery, sprinkle them with sharp sand instead of salt. This can be brushed into beds and borders later and will help to improve drainage. Salt can be detrimental to the garden.

Check growing instructions on seed packets for annual flowers to sow this month.


Gently knock off the snow that has settled on trees, bushes and evergreens to prevent damage

Box up dahlia tubers and treat them as for chrysanthemums.


Remove snow from bird tables and feeders and provide water for at least part of the day if possible

Fuchsia and pelargonium cuttings can be taken now.


Continue to gather up fallen leaves and compost them.

Continue to sow tomato seeds for greenhouse.


Weed and tidy containers, top up with compost and apply a layer of gravel.