VEGETABLES

 

FLOWERS

Sow cabbage for cutting in spring. If there is insufficient space in the vegetable patch start the seeds off in pots.

 

Pinch out the tops of chrysanthemums and disbud. Check supporting stakes and ties.

As early crops are harvested dig and fertilise the ground ready for winter crops.

 

Keep cutting sweet peas to encourage more flowers.

Earth up kale and leeks to keep them blanched.

 

Deadhead flowers as soon as they begin to fade.

Feed asparagus with a general purpose fertiliser.

 

Start taking cuttings of tender perennials such as penstemons and osteospermums.

Carrots, turnips and beetroot can be stored by removing their foliage and keeping them in dry sand or peat or stacked on layers of newspaper.

 

In containers, pinch back trailing plants that are becoming straggly. Continue to water plants daily and feed weekly.

Onions should be lifted once their tops start to yellow or fall over but don’t bend the leaves over to speed this up. Choose a dry period and leave them on the soil surface for a few days to dry thoroughly and for their skins to harden.

 

Take cuttings of fuchsias, pelargoniums and other container plants which cannot be raised from seed to provide good stock for next years display.

There is still time to make further sowings of lettuce, spinach and radish.

 

Plant lily bulbils in deep boxes.

Water tomato plants daily and increase feeding to encourage healthy and productive plants.

 

To prevent the development of soft growth on roses in the autumn, stop applying rose fertiliser.

Take cuttings from herb plants such as Rosemary, Sage and Thyme.  Cut beneath a leaf joint to give a 10cm (4 inch) long shoot. Remove the lower leaves and pot in well-drained compost and cover with a plastic bag

 

Look out for black spot on roses. This is characterised by large black/purple spots on the surface of leaves. Remove and burn any affected leaves.

FRUIT

 

LAWNS

Prune established blackcurrant bushes, cut to ground level all shoots that bore fruit earlier in the year.

 

Water the lawn during dry spells, thoroughly saturating it.

The first early apples are ready to be picked. To test if apples are ripe, lift the apple in the palm of your hand and give a slight twist. It should come away easily from the spur.

 

Prepare the ground for a new lawn, either turf or seed. Fork over the ground, tread well then rake in a low nitrogen fertiliser.

Cut back summer-fruiting raspberries canes flush with the soil to promote new cane growth.

 

Continue to cut lawns regularly.

Prune stone fruits such as cherry, plum, peach, nectarine and almond.

 

Get out the deckchair, a good book, a long cold drink and enjoy relaxing in the garden.

GREENHOUSE

 

GENERAL

Remove some of the lower leaves from tomato plants to allow better air circulation and to allow more light to reach the fruits.

 

Specially treated bulbs for Christmas flowering should be ordered now.

Pick cucumbers  and tomatoes as they begin to ripen.

 

Send for seed catalogues and plan winter and spring displays.

Shade all plants from strong sunlight.

 

Visit rose gardens and nurseries to see new varieties and order now for autumn delivery.

During hot dry weather dampen the paths and benches in greenhouses twice a day to increase the humidity.

 

Seeds can be collected throughout the year as they ripen. To store for long periods, seed envelopes in airtight containers can be kept in the fridge.