Responding to and Investigating the 9/11 Attacks
...Or as the conspiracists would say, the "Liars, dupes, and shills" list.
40,000 people who worked the piles at Ground Zero
55 FBI Evidence Response Teams at Fresh Kills in New York
7,000+ FBI Agents
8,000+ people who worked the scene at the Pentagon
ACE Bermuda Insurance
Air Traffic Control System Command Center in Washington
Alexandria VA Fire & Rescue
Allianz Global Risks
American Concrete Institute
American Institute of Steel Construction
American Red Cross
Applied Biosystems Inc.
Applied Research Associates
Arlington County Emergency Medical Services
Arlington County Fire Department
Arlington County Sheriff's Department
Arlington VA Police Department
Armed Forces Institute of Pathology
Armed Forces Institute of Technology Federal Advisory Committee
Atlantic Heydt Inc.
Berlin Fire Department
Big Apple Wrecking
Blanford & Co.
Bode Technology Group
Building and Construction Trades Council
Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms
C-130H crew in D.C. & Shanksville
Cal Berkeley Engineering Dept.
California Incident Management Team
Carter Burgess Engineering
Centers for Disease Control
Central City Fire Department
Central Intelligence Agency
Cleveland Airport control tower
Columbia University Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
Congressional Joint Intelligence Committee
Consolidated Edison Company
Construction Technologies Laboratory
Controlled Demolitions Inc.
Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
Counterterrorism and Security Group
D.H. Griffin Wrecking Co. Inc.
DeSimone Consulting Engineers
Dewhurst MacFarlane &Partners
DiSalvo Ericson Engineering
District of Columbia Fire & Rescue
DOD Honor Guard, Pentagon
E-4B National Airborne Operations Center crews
Edwards and Kelcey Engineering
Engineering Systems, Inc.
Environmental protection Agency
Exponent Failure Analysis Associates
EYP Mission CriticalFacilities
Fairfax County Fire & Rescue
Falcon 20 crew in PA
Family members who received calls from victims on the planes
FBI Evidence Recovery Teams
Federal Aviation Administration
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Federal Emergency Management Agency
Federal Insurance Co.
FEMA 68-Person Urban Search and Rescue Teams: Arizona Task Force 1, California Task Force 1, California Task Force 3, California Task Force 7, Colorado Task Force 1, Fairfax Task Force 1, Florida Task Force 1, Florida Task Force 2, Maryland Task Force 1, Massachusetts Task Force 1, Metro Dade/Miami, Nebraska Task Force 1, New Mexico Task Force 1, New York Task Force 1, Pennsylvania Task Force 1, Tennessee Task Force 1, Texas Task Force 1, Utah Task Force 1, Virginia Task Force 1, Virginia Task Force 2, Washington Task Force 1
FEMA Disaster Field Office
FEMA Emergency Response Team
FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Incident Support Team-Advanced 3
Fire Department of New York
Fort Myer Fire Department
French Urban Search & Rescue Task Force
Friedens Volunteer Fire Department
Gene Code Forensics
Georgia Tech Engineering Dept.
Gilsanz Murray Steficek LLP
Goldstein Associates Consulting Engineers
Guy Nordenson Associates
HHS National Medical Response Team
HLW International Engineering
Hooversville Rescue Squad.
Hooversville Volunteer Fire Department
Hoy Structural Services
Hughes Associates, Inc
Hugo Neu Schnitzer East
hundreds of ironworkers, some of whom built the WTC
Hundreds of New York City Police Department Detectives
Industrial Risk Insurers
Institute for Civil Infrastructure Systems
International Association of Fire Chiefs
International Union of Operating Engineers Locals 14 & 15
J.R. Harris & Company
Johnstown-Cambria County Airport Authority
Karl Koch Steel Consulting Inc.
KCE Structural Engineers
Koutsoubis, Alonso Associates
Laboratory Corp. of America
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Leslie E. Robertson Associates
Listie Volunteer Fire Company
M.G. McLaren Engineering
Mazzocchi Wrecking Inc.
Metal Management Northeast
Metropolitan Airport Authority Fire Unit
Miami-Dade Urban Search & Rescue
Military District of Washington Search & Rescue Team
Montgomery County Fire & Rescue
Mueser Rutledge Consulting Engineers
Myriad Genetic Laboratories Inc.
National Center for Biotechnology Informatics
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States
National Council of Structural Engineers Associations
National Disaster Medical System
National Emergency Numbering Association
National Fire Protection Association
National Guard in D.C., New York, and Pennsylvania
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
National Institutes of Health Human Genome Research Institute
National Law Enforcement and Security Institute
National Military Command Center
National Reconnaissance Office
National Response Center
National Science Foundation Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems
National Security Agency
National Transportation Safety Board
Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center
New Jersey State Police
New York City Department of Buildings WTC Task Force
New York City Department of Design and Construction
New York City Department of Environmental Protection
New York City Office of Emergency Management
New York City Office of the Chief Medical Examiner
New York City Police Department Aviation Unit
New York City Police Department Emergency Services Unit
New York Daily News
New York Flight Control Center
New York Newsday
New York Port Authority Construction Board
New York Port Authority Police
New York State Emergency Management Office
New York State Police Forensic Services
New York Times
North American Aerospace Defense Command
Northeast Air Defense Sector Commanders and crew
Numerous bomb-sniffing dogs
Numerous Forensic Anthropologists
Numerous Forensic Dentists
Numerous Forensic Pathologists
Numerous Forensic Radiologists
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Office of Emergency Preparedness
Office of Strategic Services
Parsons Brinckerhoff Engineering
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection
Pennsylvania Department of Health and Human Services
Pennsylvania Region 13 Metropolitan Medical Response Group
Pennsylvania State Funeral Directors Association
Pennsylvania State Police
Pentagon Defense Protective Service
Pentagon Helicopter Crash Response Team
Pentagon Medical Staff
Pentagon Renovation Team
Phillips & Jordan, Inc.
Port of New York and New Jersey Authority
Public Entity Risk Institute
Purdue University Engineering Dept.
Robert Silman Associates Structural Engineers
Rolf Jensen & Associates, Inc
Rosenwasser/Grossman Consulting Engineers
Royal SunAlliance/Royal Indemnity
SACE Prime Power Assessment Teams
SACE Structural Safety Engineers and Debris Planning and Response Teams
Salvation Army Disaster Services
several EPA Hazmat Teams
several FBI Hazmat Teams
several Federal Disaster Medical Assistance Teams
several Federal Disaster Mortuary (DMORT) Teams
Severud Associates Consulting Engineers
Shanksville Volunteer Fire Company
Simpson Gumpertz & Heger Engineers
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
Skilling Ward Magnusson Barkshire
Society of Fire Protection Engineers
Somerset Ambulance Association
Somerset County Coroner's Office
Somerset County Emergency Management Agency
Somerset Volunteer Fire Department
St. Paul/Travelers Insurance
State of Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency
Stoystown Volunteer Fire Company
Structural Engineering Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers (SEI/ASCE)
Structural Engineers Association of New York
Swiss Re America Insurance
Telephone operators who took calls from passengers in the hijacked planes
Teng & Associates
Thornton-Tomasetti Group, Inc.
Tokio Marine & Fire
Transportation Safety Administration
Twin City Fire Insurance
Tylk Gustafson Reckers Wilson Andrews Engineering
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
United States Air National Guard
United States Fire Administration
United States Secret Service
United Steelworkers of America
University of Sheffield Fire Engineering Research
US Army Reserves of Virginia Beach Fairfax County and Montgomery County
US Army’s Communications-Electronics Command
US Department of Defense
US Department of Justice
US Department of State
Virginia Beach Fire Department
Virginia Department of Emergency Management
Virginia State Police
Vollmer Associates Engineers
Weiskopf & Pickworth Engineering
Westmoreland County Emergency Management Agency
Willis Group Holdings
WJE Structural Engineers
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
World Trade Center security staff
Zurich Re Risk Engineering
Conspiracists: are these people liars, dupes, or shills?
Abolhassan Astaneh-Asl, Ph.D., P.E.
Alan Rosa, P.E., S.E.
Allyn Kilsheimer, P.E.
Amit Bandyopadhyay, S.E.
Amy Zelson Mundorff
Anamaria Bonilla, S.E.
Andrew McConnell, S.E.
Andrew Mueller-Lust, S.E.
Andrew Pontecorvo, P.E.
Anthony Kirk US&R Structural Specialist
Anthony W. Chuliver, S.E.
Antoine E. Naaman, Ph.D.
Antranig M. Ouzoonian, P.E.
Arlan Dobson, FEMA Region 2 DAS
Arthur Schuerman, FDNY (ret.)
August Domel, Ph.D., S.E., P.E.
Bernie Denke US&R Structural Specialist
Bill Coulbourne, P.E., S.E.
Bill Crowley, special agent, FBI
Bill Daly, senior vice president, Control Risks Group
Bill Scott (Capt. USAF, Ret.), Rocky Mountain bureau chief, Aviation Week
Bill Uher, NASA Langley Research Center
Bob Gray (I.U.O.E.)
Bonnie Manley, P.E., S.E.
Boris Hayda, P.E., S.E.
Brian Lyons, Tully
Brian McElhatten, S.E.
Brian Smith (Col.), Chief Deputy Medical Examiner, Dover AFB
Charles Hirsch, M.D.
Charles J. Carter, AISC
Charles Thornton, P.E.
Christopher E. Marrion, P.E.
Christopher M. Hewitt, AISC
Christoph Hoffmann, Ph.D., Purdue University
Chuck Guardia, S.E.
D. Stanton Korista, P.E., S.E.
Dan Doyle (IW 40)
Dan Eschenasy, P.E., S.E.
Dan Koch Jr.
Daniel A. Cuoco, P.E
Daniele Veneziano, P.E.
David Biggs, P.E. structural engineer, Ryan-Biggs Associates; member, ASCE team for FEMA report
David Davidowitz, ConEd
David Hoy, S.E.
David Leach, USACE
David M. Parks, ME
David Peraza, P.E., S.E.
David Sharp, S.E.
David T. Biggs, P.E.
Dean Koutsoubis, S.E.
Dean Tills, P.E.
Delbert Boring, P.E.
Dennis Clark (IST)
Dennis Dirkmaat, Ph.D.
Dennis Mileti, Ph.D.
Dick Posthauer, S.E.
Donald Friedman, P.E.
Donald O. Dusenberry, P.E.
Ed Jacoby Jr., director, New York State Emergency Management Office (Ret.
Ed McGinley, P.E.
Ed Plaugher, Chief, Arlington FD
Edward A. Flynn, Arlington Police Chief
Edward Depaola, S.E.
Edward M. DePaola, P.E.
Edward Stinnette, Chief, FCFD
Fahim Sadek, P.E., S.E.
Farid Alfawakhiri Ph.D., P.E.
FDNY Battalion Chief Frank Vallebuono
FDNY Captain Anthony Varriale
FDNY Chief Frank Cruthers
FDNY Chief Frank Fellini
FDNY Chief Joseph Callan
FDNY Chief of Operations Daniel Nigro
FDNY Deputy Chief Nick Visconti
FDNY Deputy Chief Peter Hayden
FDNY Firefighter Sam Melisi
Forman Williams, Ph.D., P.E.
Francis J. Lombardi, P.E.
Frank Gayle, Sc.D.
Fred E.C. Culick, Ph.D., S.B., S.M. professor of aeronautics, California Institute of Technology
Gary Keith, V.P. NFPA
Gary Steficek, S.E.
Gary Tokle, Asst. VP, NFPA
George Tamaro, P.E., S.E.
Gerald Haynes, P.E.
Gerald Wellman US&R Structural Specialist
Glenn Corbett, technical editor, Fire Engineering; member, NIST advisory committee
Guy Colonna, P.E., NFPA
Guylene Proulx, Ph.D.
H.S. Lew, P.E., S.E.
Hal Bidlack, Lt. Col. USAF (ret.), Ph.D.
Harold E. Nelson, P.E., FSFP.E.
Harry Martin, AISC
J. David Frost, Ph.D., P.E.
Jack Brown Deputy Chief Loudoun County (Va.) Fire Rescue Department
Jack Messagno, WTC project Manager (Tully)
James A. Rossberg, P.E.
James Chastain US&R Structural Specialist
James H. Fahey, S.E.
James Lord, FSFP.E.
James Milke, Ph.D., P.E.
James Quintiere, Ph.D., P.E.
Jan Szumanski, IUOE
Jason Averill, FSFP.E.
Jeff Rienbold dir.,, Flight 93 National Memorial, National Park Service
Jeffrey Hartman, S.E.
Jim Abadie, Bovis
John Fisher, Ph.D., P.E.,
John Gross, Ph.D., P.E.
John Hodgens, FDNY (ret.)
John J. Zils, P.E., S.E.
John L. Gross, Ph.D., P.E.
John Lekstutis, P.E.
John M. Hanson, Ph.D, P.E.
John McArdle NYPD/ESU (DTC)
John Moran, NYPD/ESU (NTC)
John Odermatt (NYC OEM)
John Ruddy, P.E., S.E.
John W. Fisher, P.E.
Jon Magnusson, P.E., S.E.
John Ryan, PAPD
Jonathan Barnett, Ph.D
Joo-Eun Lee P.E., S.E.
Joseph C. Gehlen, P.E., S.E.
Jozef Van Dyck, P.E.
Juan Paulo Morla, S.E.
Karl Koch III
Karl Koch IV
Kaspar Willam, P.E., S.E.
Kevin Brennan, OSHA
Kevin Malley, FDNY (ret.)
Ken Hays, executive vice president, Masonry Arts
Kevin Terry, S.E.
Kurt Gustafson, P.E., S.E.
Larry Keating (IW 40)
Lawrence C. Bank, Ph.D., P.E.
Lawrence Griffis, P.E.
Leo J. Titus, P.E.
Leonard M. Joseph, P.E.
Leslie E. Robertson, P.E., S.E.
Long T. Phan, Ph.D., P.E.
Lou Mendes, P.E., S.E.
Louis Errichiello, S.E.
Manny Velivasakis, P.E.
Mark Kucera, USACE
Mark Stahl photographer; eyewitness, United Airlines Flight 93 crash scene
Mark Tamaro, P.E
Mark Volpe, IW 40
Matthew G. Yerkey, P.E., S.E.
Matthew McCormick manager, survival factors division, National Transportation Safety Board (Ret.)
Merle E. Brander, P.E.
Mete A. Sozen, Ph.D., S.E.
Michael Burton, P.E.
Michael Hessheimer, S.E.
Michael K. Hynes, Ed.D., ATP, CFI, A&P/IA president, Hynes Aviation Services; expert, aviation crashes
Michael Tylk, P.E., S.E.
Mike Banker, FDNY Capt. (SOC)
Mike Marscio, P.E.
Miroslav Sulc,, P.E., S.E.
Morgan Hurley, FSFP.E.
Nestor Iwankiw, Ph.D., P.E.
Norman Groner, Ph.D.
Pablo Lopez, P.E., S.E.
Paul A. Bosela, Ph.D., P.E.
Paul F. Mlakar, Ph.D., P.E.
Paul Tertell, P.E.
Peter Chipchase, S.E.
Peter Rinaldi, P.E.
Rajani Nair, S.E.
Ramon Gilsanz, P.E., S.E
Raul Maestre, P.E., S.E.
Raymond F. Messer, P.E.
Reidar Bjorhovde, Ph.D., P.E
Richard Bukowski P.E., FSFP.E.
Richard G. Gewain, P.E., S.E.
Richard Gann, Ph.D.
Richard Garlock, P.E., S.E.
Richard Kahler US&R Structural Specialist
Robert Clarke, S.E.
Robert C. Sinn, P.E., S.E.
Robert F. Duval (NFPA)
Robert Frances US&R Structural Specialist
Robert J. McNamara, P.E., S.E.
Robert L. Parker, Ph.D.
Robert Ratay, Ph.D., P.E., S.E.
Robert Shaler, M.D.
Robert Smilowitz, Ph.D., P.E
Robert Solomon, P.E.
Robert Wills, AISC
Ron Dokell, president, Demolition Consultants
Ronald Greeley, Ph.D.
Ronald Hamburger, P.E., S.E.
Ronald J. LaMere, P.E.
Ronald Rehm, Ph.D.
Ronald Spadafora, FDNY D.A.C
Ruben M. Zallen, P.E.
Russell "Rusty" Dodge Jr, Asst. Chief, Fort Belvoir FD
S. Shyam Sunder, P.E., S.E.
Saw-Teen See, P.E.
Shankar Nair. P.E., S.E.
Shawn Kelly, Arlington County Fire Marshal
Skip Aldous, Lt. Col., U.S. Air Force (Ret.)
Socrates Ioannides, P.E., S.E.
Stan Murphy, P.E.
Steve Douglass, image analysis consultant, Aviation Week
Steve Rasweiler, FDNY B.C. (SOC)
Stuart Foltz, P.E.
Terry Sullivan, Bovis
Theodore Galambos, P.E.
Theodore Krauthammer, Ph.D., P.E.
Therese P. McAllister, Ph.D., P.E.
Thomas R. Edwards, Ph.D. founder, TREC; video forensics expert.
Thomas Hawkins Jr, Chief, AFD
Thomas Schlafly, AISC
Todd Curtis, Ph.D. founder, Airsafe.com; president, Airsafe.com Foundation
Todd Ude, P.E., S.E.
Tom Scarangello, P.E.
Tom Stanton (IST)
Tony Beale, P.E.
Van Romero, Ph.D. vice president, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology
Venkatesh Kodur, Ph.D., P.E.
Victor Hare, P.E.
Vincent Dunn, FDNY (ret.)
W. Gene Corley, Ph.D., P.E., S.E.
W. Lee Evey
William Baker, P.E., S.E
William Grosshandler, Ph.D., ME
William Koplitz photo desk manager, FEMA
William McGuire, P.E.
Willie Quinlan, IW
Won-Young Kim, Ph.D. seismologist, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University
Yates Gladwell pilot, VF Corp.
Zdenek Bazant, Ph.D., S.E.
Thomas H. Kean, Chair
Lee H. Hamilton, Vice Chair
Richard Ben-Veniste, Fred F. Fielding, Jamie S. Gorelick, Slade Gorton, Bob Kerrey, John F. Lehman,, Timothy J. Roemer, James R. Thompson. Philip Zelikow, Executive Director.
Joanne Accolla, Alexis Albion, Scott Allan, John Azzarello, Caroline Barnes, Warren Bas, Ann Bennett, Mark Bittinger, Madeleine Blot, Antwion Blount, Geoff Brown, Daniel Byman, Dianna Campagna, Sam Caspersen, Melissa Coffey, Lance Cole, Marquittia Coleman, Marco Cordero, Raj De Counsel, George Delgrosso, Gerald L. Dillingham, Thomas Dowling, Steven Dunne, Thomas Eldridge, John Farmer, Alvin Felzenberg, Gordon England, Lorry Fenner, Susan Ginsburg, T. Graham Giusti, Nicole Grandrimo, Doug Greenburg, Barbara Grewe, Elinore Hartz, Len Hawley, Christine Healey, Karen Heitkotter, Walt Hempel, Michael Hurley, Dana Hyde, Michael Jacobson, Bonnie Jenkins, Reginald Johnson, William Johnstone, Stephanie Kaplan, Miles Kara, Janice Kephart-Roberts, Hyon Kim, Christopher Kojm, Katarzyna (Kasia) Kozaczuk, Gordon Lederman, Daniel Leopold, Sarah Linden, Douglas MacEachin, Daniel Marcus, Ernest May, James Miller, Kelly Moore, Charles Pereira, John Raidt, John Roth, Peter Rundlet, Lloyd Salvetti, Kevin Scheid, Kevin Shaeffer, Tracy Shycoff, Dietrich Snell, Jonathan Stull, Lisa Sullivan, John Tamm, Cate Taylor, Yoel Tobin, Emily Walker, Garth Wermter, Serena Wille.
The Congressional Joint Inquiry on 9/11
Bob Graham, D - Florida, Chairman
Richard C. Shelby, R - Alabama, Vice Chairman
Carl Levin, Jon Kyl, John D. Rockefeller, James M. Inhofe, Dianne Feinstein, Orrin Hatch, Ron Wyden, Pat Roberts, Richard J. Durbin, Mike DeWine, Evan Bayh, Fred Thompson, John Edwards, Richard Lugar, Barbara Mikulski. Al Cumming, Staff Director; William Duhnke, Minority Staff Director
Porter J. Goss, Chairman
Nancy Pelosi, Doug Bereuter, Sanford D. Bishop, Michael N. Castle, Jane Harman, Sherwood L. Boehlert, Gary A. Condit, Jim Gibbons, Tim Roemer, Ray LaHood, Silvestre Reyes, Randy Cunningham, Leonard L. Boswell, Peter Hoekstra, Collin C. Peterson, Richard Burr, Bud Cramer, Saxby Chambliss, Terry Everett.
Timothy R. Sample, Staff Director. Michael W. Sheehy, Democratic Counsel
Eleanor Hill, Rick Cinquegrana, David Barton, Ann Bennett, Daniel Byman, Michael Davidson, George Ellard, Rahul Gupta, Kay Holt, John Ivicic, Michael Jacobson, Everette Jordan, Miles Kara, John Keefe, Thomas Kelley, Dana Lesemann, Patti Litman, Arthur Menna, Lewis Moon, Patricia Ravalgi, Alonzo Robertson, Robert Rosenwald, Michael Smith, Catherine Williams
A few details to flesh out the numbers
...The federal presence was much larger in New York, as well. A dizzying blur of acronym soup arrived to help: CDC, FAA, FBI, HHS and dozens more. At the height of the federal response, there were a total of 6,547 federal employees, including 1,544 from FEMA and its US&R task forces, supporting operations in New York and Virginia. Of the 27 available FEMA US&R teams, more than 20 eventually rotated through New York, representing a total of 1,240 firefighters and 80 search dogs. As many as eight teams at a time operated in New York. http://firechief.com/mag/firefighting_first_respondersfeds_join/
In the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, the FBI's response was immediate. In a matter of hours we had deployed to each of the crash sites, ordered dozens of seasoned management personnel back to Washington, and fully staffed a 24/7 operation at our Command Center with up to 500 persons representing approximately 30 federal agencies. At the height of the 9/11 investigation, known as PENTTBOM, the FBI assigned 7,000 agents to assist full-time. The majority were reassigned from other national security and criminal investigative work. The lack of prior counterterroism training and experience, although not recognized by the OIG, needs to be factored into this discussion. ...Meanwhile, PENTTBOM became the largest and most complex investigation in the history of the FBI. In spite of operating under severe handicaps, the New York Office - relocated to a garage on 26th street, and lacking a proficient infrastructure - began a 24/7 operation utilizing 300 investigators from 37 agencies. The 1-800 toll-free line set up in our Atlanta office received 180,000 calls from a shocked public eager to assist. 225,000 e-mails were received on the FBI's internet site. Evidence response teams from throughout the country were dispatched to New York, Washington and Pittsburgh. Nationwide we covered over 500,000 investigative leads and conducted over 167,000 interviews. We collected over 7,500 pieces of evidence which were submitted for analysis. Working in conjunction with New York City agencies and authorities, we helped process over 1.8 million tons of debris for investigative leads and victim identification and took more than 45,000 crime scene photographs. http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2003_hr/062503rolince.html
Approximately 7,000 FBI Employees Were Redirected in Early Weeks. At its peak, approximately 6,000 Special Agents were working on the investigation with assistance from support staff. Additional resources were dedicated to the related threats and tragedies such as the anthrax investigation, Olympics security, the Richard Reid investigation, and the Daniel Pearl kidnapping. New FBI Investigative Groups Were Created. The Financial Review Group, Document Exploitation Group, and E-Mail Exploitation Group were all created since September 11th. In addition, the Telephone Applications Group as well as the Threat, Warning, Analysis and Dissemination Groups were both expanded. http://www.fas.org/irp/news/2002/05/fbireorganizationfactsheet.pdf
At least 449 responding organizations in New York City. Over 8,000 people given security clearance to work at Pentagon crash site Good look at Arlington County, Virginia (Pentagon) first responder organizational structure http://dels.nas.edu/dr/docs/harrald.pdf
Flight 93: Shanksville At Shanksville, which was by far the smallest of the three 9/11 crash scenes, over 1,100 people from 74 agencies and organizations worked at the scene. On 9/11 alone, these included: • 8 Police Departments • 7 EMS Services • 8 Fire Departments • 10 Emergency Management Agencies • NTSB • ATF • FBI • CISM • Red Cross • United AirlinesSource: PowerPoint presentation by Rick Lohr, Director of Somerset County Emergency Management Agency. Download it here as a PDF http://wtc7lies.googlepages.com/SomersetCountyEmergencyManagementAge.pdf
In addition to the estimated 10,000 Fire Department of New York (FDNY) personnel, an estimated 30,000 other workers and volunteers potentially were exposed to numerous psychological stressors, environmental toxins, and other physical hazards. http://www.cdc.gov/MMWR/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5335a1.htm
Because of ongoing fire activity and the large numbers of civilians and rescue workers who were killed during the attacks, approximately 11,000 FDNY firefighters and many emergency medical service (EMS) personnel worked on or directly adjacent to the rubble and incurred substantial exposures. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12238534&dopt=Abstract
OSHA calculates that in over 3.7 million work hours, only 57 non-life threatening injuries were recorded at the WTC site. http://www.pdhealth.mil/library/downloads/The%20Occupational%20Safety%20and%20Health%20Admin istration%20Response.pdf
You’re dealing with a work scene that, in the first week or two, had probably two to three thousand, if not more, emergency responders on the scene. Pretty much 24 hours a day. All of them with various backgrounds and training. You had construction workers, you had heavy-equipment operators, you had medical workers, firefighters, police officers, hygienists, military personnel. All of them with different levels of training, different types of equipment. So you had to try and logistically bring in all of the equipment for these people. You’re bringing in multiple manufacturers and vendors. —Firefighter-special operations panel member http://www.rand.org/pubs/conf_proceedings/CF176/CF176.ch2.pdf
Fresh Kills Crime Scene Info * The site covered 175 acres. * 24 local, state, and federal agencies participated, with as many as 1,000 workers a day * 17,000 tons of material were processed daily. * 55 FBI Evidence Response Teams worked the site -- over 1,000 agents -- plus FBI medics, safety officers, and other specialists. * New York Evidence Response Team members worked over 8,000 hours at the site, at the morgue, and at Ground Zero -- and one, Special Agent Gerry Fornino, personally worked over 1,818 hours at the vehicle recovery operation with the Port Authority and NYPD. Source: http://www.fbi.gov/page2/nov03/nyhs112703.htm
Number of U.S. Customs Agency Volunteers working search and inspection at Fresh Kills Landfill: at least 193 http://www.cbp.gov/xp/CustomsToday/2002/March/custoday_location.xml
from RECOVERY: THE WORLD TRADE CENTER RECOVERY OPERATION AT FRESH KILLS (PDF of Traveling Exhibit) The exhibition chronicles the quiet history after September 11. The days at Fresh Kills ended as discreetly as they began. Debris removal at Ground Zero ended on June 28, 2002. The sorting at Fresh Kills officially ended on July 2 at 1:02 p.m. Recovered from the 1.8 million tons of material inspected: 4,257 human remains helped bring closure to hundreds of families; 54,000 personal items and 4,000 photographs, many returned to their owners; 1,358 personal and departmental vehicles; and thousands of tons of steel. The numbers are difficult to process, but these images begin to tell the story. The Police, FBI, City Sanitation workers, and the thousands who worked there made history “on the hill.” The hill that overlooks downtown Manhattan where the towers once stood is now changed forever – Mark Schaming Director of Exhibitions and Programs New York State Museum Above exhibit thanks to these organizations working at Fresh Kills: The New York Police Department The New York Fire Department The Federal Bureau of Investigation New York City Department of Sanitation Phillips and Jordan, Inc. The Fresh Kills Incident Commander, NYPD Inspector James Luongo, Lt. Bruce Bovino, FBI Special Agents Richard Marx and Gerry Fornino, the FBI Evidence Response Team, the NYPD Recovery Team, the Port Authority Police Department, NYC Department of Sanitation, and all the people from the World Trade Center Recovery Operation
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers receives Fresh Kills debris management contract http://sept11.wasteage.com/ar/waste_fema_assigns_fresh/index.htm
400 FBI Agents working at Fresh Kills (and some taking souvenirs?) http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4373627/
As you know, on September 11, 2001, Special Agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and New York Police Department (NYPD) detectives were dispatched to the Fresh Kills Landfill on Staten Island, New York to process the debris of the World Trade Center (WTC) for physical evidence and human remains. This recovery effort, the largest and longest in the FBI's history, resulted in 1.8 million tons of debris being collected and examined by twenty-four federal, state, and local agencies. On September 12, 2001, I was designated to lead and coordinate this effort as an Evidence Response Team (ERT) Leader. This operation ceased in August 2002. –Richard B. Marx, Special Agent http://www.ussartf.org/news.htm Engineer salvage yard visits for steel inspection As of March 15, 2002, a total of 131 engineer visits had been made to these yards on 57 separate days. An engineer visit typically ranged from a few hours to an entire day at a salvage yard. The duration of the visits, number of visits per yard, and the dates the yards were visited varied, depending on the volume of steel being processed, the potential significance of the steel pieces being found, salvage yard activities, weather, and other factors. Sixty-two engineer trips were made to Jersey City, 38 to Keasbey, 15 to Fresh Kills, and 16 to Newark. Three trips made in October included several ASCE engineers. Eleven engineer trips were made in November, 41 in December, 43 in January, 28 in February, and 5 through March 15, 2002. Source: FEMA WTC report, Appendix D
Pentagon Overview Local responders arrived immediately, and other agencies, including five USAR teams, came to assist. The Arlington County Fire Department set up an incident command system and coordinated the emergency response. The rescue and recovery phase lasted 11 days, after which Arlington County transferred responsibility for the incident and site management to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), on September 21. No esponders were killed. Demolition of the damaged area began on October 18 and was completed on November 29. Reconstruction of the damaged area is expected to be completed in Spring 2003. http://www.rand.org/pubs/conf_proceedings/CF176/CF176.ch2.pdf
Good study of response and (partial) list of organizations responding to the Pentagon attack Observing and Do http://www.gwu.edu/%7Eicdrm/publications/nsf911/response.htmlcumenting the Inter-Organizational Response to the September 11th Attack on The Pentagon
TOTAL PERSONNEL Emergency Operations Center (EOC): Rockville, MD 20 New York City 594 FEMA Response Headquarters: Washington, DC 11 FBI Command: Washington, DC 2 Regional Operations Centers (I, II, III, IV): Various 9
New York City PERSONNEL: NEW YORK CITY Management Support Team (MST): Sheraton Hotel 49 DMAT: TOTAL 172 DMAT: Four Clinics 102 DMAT: Management and Support 40| DMAT: Staging 30 Presbyterian Hospital Burn Center 14 Centers for Disease Control (CDC)- Epidemiologists 40 CDC, Other 16 Veterinary Medical Assistance Team (VMAT) 14 DMORT: TOTAL 260
DMORT: New York City Medical Examiners Office (NYCME) 146 DMORT: Management & Marriott 9 DMORT: Family Assistance Center (United and American Airlines Site) 1 DMORT: FAC (Pier 94) 5 DMORT: Ground Zero 15 DMORT: Landfill 6 DMORT: Processing Data Information - Pier 92 56 Disaster Portable Morgue Unit (DPMU) Staff 6 Disaster Portable Morgue Unit (DPMU) DMORT West Reception Area 16 DMORT: Staging N/A CCRF Mental Health 7 Mental Health 9 Pharmacists Staging 2 Specialty: CCRF Forensic Dentists 6 Department of Veterans' Affairs: Various Other Assistance and Support 5 TOTAL :594
Clinical Data (Past 24 hours / Total) Human Patients Treated 161 / 5,735 Animal Patients Treated by VMAT for acute symptoms 14 / 893
Recovered Remains as reported by the State of New York: 0800 hours, September 29 Remains 4,735 Identified 214
The Management Support Team (MST) established in New York City is located at a hotel at 7th Avenue and 52nd Street. There continues to be daily-in and out-processing of personnel. The next rotation of DMAT teams is in process.
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Office of Emergency Preparedness (OEP), continues to work in cooperation with their partners in the National Disaster Medical System (NDMS). The Department of Veterans' Affairs (VA) is providing support to the city through its New York City VA health care facilities as well as through Emergency Support Function (ESF) #8, Health and Medical Services, of the Federal Response Plan. Under the Federal Response Plan, through ESF # 8, VA has deployed 2 burn nurses to the Cornell University Medical Center Burn Unit; a radiology technician to the scene of the plane crash in Western Pennsylvania; and an emergency manager to the USPHS/EOC. Two emergency managers are on duty at the ESF 8 Management Support Team (MST) in NYC. A clinical psychologist at the Oklahoma City VAMC was requested by the American Red Cross National Headquarters to travel to Washington, DC and provide consultation on CISM. In the aftermath of the attack, the VA Manhattan received and treated a total of 76 victims with an additional 17 treated at the VAMC Brooklyn, three at the VAMC in the Bronx and two at the Northport VAMC for a total of 98. VA received two additional mission assignments from the HHS/United State Public Health Service (USPHS), lead agent for ESF # 8 (Health and Medical Services) for the Federal Response Plan (FRP). One stress counselor is assisting the deployed mental health teams to provide support to federal workers in New York City (NYC). Five (5) VA emergency managers began working with the Management Support Team (MST) in NYC on Monday, October 1, 2001.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) provides leadership in all aspects of the rescue mission and liaison officers.
The Department of Defense deployed the USNS Comfort to New York City. The 250-bed USNS Comfort arrived at Pier 92 on September 14 and departed on October 1, 2001. It was used as a rest facility for responders and served hundreds of rescue personnel daily. DoD provided liaison officers to several federal entities agencies and departments.
Epidemiologists The epidemiologists from CDC were deployed by request of Secretary Thompson and are assisting the New York City Department of Health, to determine any patterns of later developing ailments caused by the terrorist attacks. They are taking daily data analyses at New York City hospitals. Over 35,000 medical charts have been reviewed. Staffing levels and schedules will be developed to accommodate the times of greatest need in the hospitals. Ongoing surveillance both in New York City and Washington, DC, has not indicated any anomalies to date.
Most of the Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) teams have been deactivated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Currently only one USAR team remains in New York City. DMAT and DMORT will assess how that decision impacts on their missions in New York City over the coming days.
DMAT There are currently four operating clinics all within two blocks of the World Trade Center (WTC) site. They are operational in the four sectors around ground zero. DMAT rotations are progressing according to schedule. Fourteen burn nurses are deployed to provide staffing relief for critical patients at the NY Presbyterian Hospital Burn Center. A plan for demobilization of the nurses at the end of the mission is being developed. The demobilization is expected to occur on October 14. According to the New York State Department of Health sufficient quantities of vaccines are available and air and water quality have been tested and meet or surpass existing standards.
DMORT personnel are on duty at the World Trade Center site, the City Medical Examiner's Office, the United Airlines and American Airlines Family Assistance Center (FAC), and the FAC at Pier 94 and the Staten Island Landfill. DMORT-FAC personnel are currently conducting family interviews, collecting records, and performing other administrative duties. DMORT personnel are in the process of expanding the site at the Landfill on Staten Island. Much of the material from the World Trade Center site is being shipped there. DMORT personnel are on site to review the wreckage being brought to the site. DMORT personnel are providing 24-hour support to the city Medical Examiner. Their duties include: data entry, morgue activities, photo/scanning, supervisors, and liaison officers. Operations in the Medical Examiner's Office will increase as the recovery continues.
USNS Comfort The 250-bed USNS Comfort left for their homeport on October 1, 2001.
VMAT Veterinary Medical Assistance Teams are operating veterinary clinics in New York City. They are caring for the search dogs assisting with the search and recovery mission. They are also providing care for the federal search and recovery dogs and to non-federal search dogs on site. VMAT personnel at Staten Island have been reassigned temporarily until after a meeting with the New York City Office of Emergency Management on the status of resuming that operation.
NMRT-E The National Medical Response Team-Weapons of Mass Destruction- EAST (NMRT-E) is a specialized response force sponsored by the U.S. Public Health Service that is designed to provide medical care following a nuclear, biological, and/or chemical incident. They are specially trained to work towards decontamination of sites, and can provide medical care in contaminated areas if needed. As of September 17, NMRT-E, in New York City, was deactivated and returned to North Carolina.
Mental Health Ten Federal mental health personnel are on site serving the mental health needs of federal responders (SAMHSA, CCRF, and VA personnel). Mental Health Assistance Team (MHAT) personnel have established a plan to rotate in new personnel and demobilize existing personnel. Mental health needs will be continually assessed throughout the deployment. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) personnel are currently coordinating operations at four sites for mental health counseling. They continue to provide mental health care to many of the responders every day. Mental health personnel also provide an orientation as well as debriefing for DMAT and DMORT members arriving and department New > York City. Over the past 24 hours 70 mental health contacts were made, bringing the mission total to 2,553 contacts.
PENNSYLVANIA There has been no change since SITREP #19. As of September 26, the DMORT operation in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, has been completed. Most DMORT personnel have returned home, some have been redeployed to New York City as needed. Prior to closing operations, a 100% record audit was completed. Victim DNA is being processed to confirm identities.
THE PENTAGON There has been no change since SITREP #19 Immediately following the incident, the NMRT-DC was deployed to the Pentagon to assist with the recovery mission. The 36-member NMRT was assisting with washing-down workers returning from the site. They were working 2-12 hour shifts of 18 people, washing down approximately between 800-1,000 workers every 24 hours. In addition, NMRT washed down equipment and dogs leaving the site. The NMRT-DC and MST were demobilized on September 26, 2001.