I am Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of Mary in Bismarck, ND.

Prior to my current appointment, I worked on the nature of intellectual humility and coordinating virtues as
a postdoctoral research fellow at Saint Louis University with the Philosophy and Theology of Intellectual Humility Project directed by John Greco and Eleonore Stump.

My main research interests are in ethics, philosophical and moral psychology, and philosophy of religion. I am especially interested in virtues and emotions, the relation between the two, and the role of each in the moral and intellectual life.  I focus on contemporary work on these topics but also engage historical work on these topics in the works of Aristotle and Aquinas who are principal influences of my thought. 

In my dissertation in philosophy (Baylor University), I argued for an account of courage as a virtue that enables courageous action with proper pleasure, fear, hope, and daring.  My dissertation resolves two longstanding paradoxes about courage.
(1) Courage seems to require both fear and fearlessness – on the one hand, mastering one’s fear, and, on the other, eliminating fear.
(2) Virtues are commonly thought to make virtuous actions easy and pleasant, but courageous action is (often) difficult and painful.  


Department of Philosophy
University of Mary
7500 University Drive
Bismarck, ND 58504

  wscleveland at umary dot edu