Topic - Transportation


Transport delays and long journey times are a widespread phenomenon in many cities today. What are the causes ofthis problem, and how could the situation be improved?

đăng 23:31, 9 thg 8, 2017 bởi Nam Đỗ Hoàng

Transport is an essential part of urban life, and lengthy journeys are frustrating and expensive for those concerned. There appear to be two main causes ofthis, and several possible solutions, as we will explain here.

Perhaps the main cause is the lack of investment or funding for infrastructure in the form of high-capacity public transport and increased road space for private vehicles. This means that too many vehicles use the existing network, and congestion is inevitable. We see this in most large cities globally, such as London or Tokyo. Many conurbations also lack finance for transport hubs, such as integrated road and rail facilities which could connect public and private transport, thus reducing bottlenecks. A further cause seems to be the problem of overcrowding in cities, whereby people migrate from the hinterland and settle in urban areas, putting strain on amenities, housing and above all on transport capacity. This means that an already stretched system is often pushed to a critical point, causing cancellations and breakdowns in the technology used, especially in situations of urban sprawl such as in Latin America.

Regarding potential solutions, probably the main remedy would be to encourage investment in
better infrastructure, for example through subsidies or public-private partnerships as was tried successfully in Germany during the 1990’s. This enhances the network and fosters a sense of civic pride, to everyone’s benefit. Another solution may be to use tax incentives to allow more home working, so that there is less need to commute from the suburbs to the inner city for work. A final response might be the development of more flexible patterns of transport, such as communal carpooling, which would reduce reliance on existing systems and vehicles.

In conclusion, it seems that outdated infrastructure and overcrowding are the key factors behind our transport frustrations. Possible solutions would involve better funding, and also innovations in ways ofworking and travelling to reduce the burden on the system.

(311 words)

Unlimited car use has brought us a lot of problems. What are these problems? And should we discourage people from using cars?

đăng 23:10, 9 thg 8, 2017 bởi Nam Đỗ Hoàng

Currently, people tend to rely heavily on their cars. This excessive use can cause a number of problems, and I personally believe that we should encourage people to reduce the use of their cars

There are various issues resulting from the unlimited use of carsThe first one is that traffic congestion may occur frequently, which makes people feel frustrated when travelling and a great deal of their time can be wasted. A large number of cars commuting during rush hour can easily cause a traffic jam because the size of the street is limited, so it does not have enough space for all of them to pass. Another problem is that the exhausted fumes from these vehicles can lead to serious air pollution. For example, in China, the population is extremely large, which means excessive car use is inevitable. This results in the country suffering from polluted air nationwide. 

In my opinion, it is necessary to encourage people to reduce the use of their cars for two main reasons. Firstly, public transport in today’s world is made available and more convenient than before, so people do not need to depend much on their private vehicles. In Singapore, for instance, trains and buses are available almost everywhere, and it often takes people less than five minutes to go to a station. Secondly, because of a sedentary lifestyle, health deterioration is becoming increasingly common around the world. This problem might partly be mitigated if people switched from driving their cars to riding their bicycles to go to work, since riding a bicycle is a way of taking daily exercise

In conclusion, the unlimited car use may result in a range of problems, and it seems to me that we should discourage people from being dependent on them. 

(296 words, band 8.0)


Some people believe government should spend money on building train and subway lines to reduce traffic congestion. Others think that building more and wider roads is the better way to reduce traffic congestion. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

đăng 07:15, 22 thg 3, 2017 bởi Nam Đỗ Hoàng   [ đã cập nhật 07:15, 22 thg 3, 2017 ]

The methods of mitigating traffic congestion have been a heated topic of controversy. Some people argue that the construction of larger roads is the answer for the problem. However, I contend that such a solution is ineffective in the long term, while the option to construct railways and subways is a far better measure.

There is a common fallacy that governmental spending on building larger roads could sustainably address the problem of traffic congestion. An increase in road size could reduce the traffic intensity in the short term, but larger roads also mean that the citizens are encouraged to purchase more individual vehicles. This leads to the fact that the roads, albeit larger, would soon be filled with intense traffic again. For instance, traffic jams returned to Shanghai’s main streets not long after they were expanded in the early 1990s. In brief, if this solution is implemented, traffic jams would still persist in the long run.Rail and subway systems, however, could ensure that traffic congestion is properly addressed.

Unlike cars and buses, trains are capable of transporting hundreds of people simultaneously and thus would meet the transport demand of a vast number of passengers. Moreover, trains do not have to go through intersections and traffic lights, and dedicated lines ensure their travel is hardly interrupted. In other words, trains are always on time regardless of the level of traffic. This level of punctuality would encourage many people to choose railways and subways as their primary means of transport, and the number of individuals vehicles would decrease accordingly. As a result, traffic congestion could be tackled successfully.

The existing data provides a concrete foundation to conclude that building more and larger roads in an unsustainable measure, while train and subway lines would be a much more effective solution for the problem of traffic congestion.

(304 words – written by Tu Pham)

Some people think that the best way to increase road safety is to increase the minimum legal age for driving cars or riding motorbikes. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

đăng 02:01, 20 thg 3, 2017 bởi Nam Đỗ Hoàng   [ đã cập nhật 02:09, 20 thg 3, 2017 ]

Some individuals believe raising the minimum legal age for driving cars or riding motorbikes is the most effective method of increasing road safety. While I accept that this policy is good to some extent, I believe it is not the best because there are much better measures to reduce traffic accidents.

It might be a good idea to increase the minimum age required for driving because of some reasons. Firstly, since younger people are usually less mature and less responsible with their manners, they might not be aware of the importance of following the rules. Therefore, it is reasonable to ban them from travelling on the street to prevent them from breaking the law and causing accidents. Secondly, as older people are more experienced, they can know how to react quickly to handle dangerous situations on the road, while younger ones might not be able to. To illustrate, if the brakes of a car suddenly stop working, a young driver might panic, and accidents are more likely to occur.

However, I would argue that there are much better methods of ensuring road safety. The first one is to have stricter punishments for driving offenders. For example, people who break traffic rules should be required to pay huge fines or be banned permanently from commuting on the street. This makes commuters more likely to respect the law, and traffic accidents can be limited. Another solution is to encourage people to use public transport rather than private vehicles. This can be done by reducing the price and increasing the frequency of buses and tubes to make it more convenient for users.

In conclusion, I believe apart from increasing the legal age for driving, there are more effective ways to make sure that travelling on the street is safe for everyone.

(298 words - by Quang Thắng)

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