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Fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) are the main sources in many countries, but in some countries the use of alternative sources of energy (wind energy and solar energy) are encouraged. To what extent do you think it is a positive or negative development?

đăng 20:11, 10 thg 8, 2017 bởi Nam Đỗ Hoàng

It is irrefutable that fossil fuels are the main source of energy in many parts of the world,
but some nations are taking a step forward and using renewable sources like wind, solar and
tidal energy. Definitely, it is a positive development. In the following paragraphs I intend to
support my views with my arguments.

The main advantage of using alternate sources is that the conventional sources like coal and
oil are non-renewable. They take millions of years to make and we are finishing them at an
alarming rate. This means that if we finish the existing resources they will be gone forever as
far as our and the coming many generations are concerned. Energy from the wind, the sun
and the sea is an everlasting source of power. So, more and more governments should come
forward in promoting these sources.

Another big advantage of these non-conventional sources is that they do not pollute the
environment. We all know that global warming and damage to the protective ozone layer
are caused by carbon-dioxide and other by-products of fossil fuels. If urgent steps are not
taken towards the use of natural sources like sun and wind, then the time is not far when
the whole earth will transform into a boiling pot.

Although the use of these alternative sources has some hurdles such as the initial cost of
setting up solar panels and wind farms is very high and these are also dependent on the
geographical locations. However, once the initial cost has been met with, their maintenance
is practically negligible.

To put it in a nutshell, I pen down saying that the use of these alternative sources is a very
positive development. It should be the global priority to invest in such research and

It is sometimes said that the countryside offers a high quality oflife, especially for families. What are the arguments for and against families choosing to live and work in the countryside, for example as farmers? What is your own view about this?

đăng 23:33, 9 thg 8, 2017 bởi Nam Đỗ Hoàng

There can be few choices in life more important than where to settle as a family, and the question of an urban or rural location is complex. There are strong arguments for and against living in the countryside, as we will discuss now.

On the one hand, it might be said that the countryside is rather a backwater, with fewer
cultural amenities than a city in the form of museums, theatres and even sporting events. This may mean that families become isolated, especially as rural depopulation leaves fewer country dwellers in the area, as we see, for example, in central France. Added to this are the scarcity of schools and colleges, meaning that children may need to travel long distances for their education. Finally, career options may be more limited in the countryside for both parents and children, resulting in rural unemployment and long-term rural poverty in the worst cases.

Conversely, life in the countryside has rewards which go beyond material considerations. For example, the abundance of natural resources such as land, wildlife forestry and water bodies means that a comparatively simple life can be lived at a subsistence level. Many country residents are self-sufficient smallholders in this sense, safeguarding them from the changes in the wider economy which can afflict city dwellers. If the parents are farmers, children learn the importance of animal husbandry, methods of farming such as crop rotation and irrigation, and generally may become more in tune with the natural world as a result. Finally, as technology enables children to undertake distance learning or remote viewing of cultural attractions such as museums, they should be less isolated from their cultural heritage.

Overall, it seems to me that quality oflife in the countryside today is indeed quite high, with its advantages ofresources, self-sufficiency and environmental awareness. This is especially true now that communications are reducing the risk ofisolation in such far-flung communities.

Some people believe that money is the most important factor for achieving happiness. However, others believe that happiness has nothing to do with money.

đăng 21:33, 9 thg 8, 2017 bởi Nam Đỗ Hoàng

People have different views about whether money is the precondition to experiencing a happy life. While I accept that money is a vital part of human life, I believe that other factors are equally important for people’s happiness. 

On the one hand, money is important for people to achieve happiness for several reasons. One reason is that people have to fulfil their personal needs before experiencing a pleasant life. If people do not have enough money to make daily purchases, they will find it extremely difficult to support themselves and raise their families. For example, as everyone has to buy food, pay for bills and housing throughout the course of their lives, they cannot live happily without having much money. Life would also be easier if the majority of people were wealthy. This is because money helps them pay for healthcare, healthy meals and high-quality education, which may promote people’s welfare

On the other hand, there are other elements that contribute to individuals’ happiness. Firstly, some people derive a sense of satisfaction from pursuing their passions and becoming experts in their fields rather than earning a great deal of money. Artists, for instance, sometimes find it difficult to earn money, but they still spend years running their art projects because they feel happy when they are able to pursue their careers. Secondly, for some individuals, friends, family and other relationships are much more important than being wealthy and able to spend money without consideration. 

In conclusion, while I agree that people have to earn money to meet their basic needs before they can live happily, I believe that other non-financial factors can also contribute to their well-being. 

(279 words, band 8.0)

Studies have suggested that nowadays children watch much more television than they did in the past and spend less time on active or creative things. What are the reasons and what measures should be taken to encourage children to spend more time on active or creative things?

đăng 07:31, 22 thg 3, 2017 bởi Nam Đỗ Hoàng   [ đã cập nhật 07:32, 22 thg 3, 2017 ]

There has been a worrying trend that children watch an excessive amount of television and do not engage much in active or creative activities. This trend can be ascribed to a number of reasons and it must be addressed by definite actions.

Reasons for the trend vary. The primary reason is that children’s television programmes are being broadcast all day with addictive contents, such as vivid and colourful animations. Cartoon Network and Disney Channel with their all-day-long series of animation shows are an evident example of this. Another clear reason is that parents nowadays are busy with their work, so they want children to focus on an activity that does not require much of their attention such as watching television. These two reasons make children spend more time in front of the television screen; this sedentary lifestyle prevents them from participating in active or creative activities.

A number of strong measures must be implemented to tackle the issue. The first solution is limiting the amount of time that a child can watch television. This could be done by activating the parental control mode and setting a fixed operating time limit on their television set. Another feasible solution is that parents must spend more time with their children and together they could engage in outdoor or creative activities. For example, parents could form a family sport team that practices on a regular basis, which may appeal to children more than television.

To conclude, there are obvious reasons why children watch too much television and spend little time on active and creative activities. This negative trend could be tackled by a number of remedies, such as activating the parental control mode on television sets.

(286 words, written by Tu Pham, Head teacher at IPP IELTS)

Nowadays, young people admire sports stars though they often do not set a good example. Do you think this is a positive or negative development?

đăng 07:28, 22 thg 3, 2017 bởi Nam Đỗ Hoàng   [ đã cập nhật 07:28, 22 thg 3, 2017 ]

Although top sports athletes are often poor role models, they gain the admiration of millions of youngsters. This is overall a negative trend for the young generation and society despite one single benefit it may bring about.

I think this trend could be profitable only if the young disregard the negative and focus on the positive aspects of sports stars’ lives. Ronaldo, a world-class central forward, for example, is infamous for his extreme individualism, but is still a role model of diligence and determination for all the efforts he has exerted in football training. Many adolescents who are Ronaldo’s fans have overlooked his undesirable personal traits and trained themselves hard to achieve extraordinary results in their lives. In this way, the young may still benefit from sports stars' valuable life lessons.

However, I contend that this is generally an adverse trend because with the majority of youngsters, it may lead to unpleasant consequences. This is because the young could be immature and they may imitate all the actions of the stars, irrespective of whether these actions are beneficial or not. What these young people may copy may range from a materialistic lifestyle, an individualistic way of living to more problematic behaviours such as sexism, racism and discrimination. These outcomes are negative not only for the juveniles themselves but for society as a whole in the future.

All the existing data provides a concrete foundation that even though youngsters may learn some useful life experiences from top athletes who do not set good examples, the proclivity of admiring and imitating these stars may result in a wide range of adverse effects and thus is a negative issue in today's society.

(279 words, written by Tu Pham, Head teacher at IPP IELTS)

In the future, it seems more difficult to live on the Earth. Some people think more money should be spent on researching other planet to live, such as Mars. To what extent do youn agree or disagree with this statement?

đăng 07:22, 22 thg 3, 2017 bởi Nam Đỗ Hoàng   [ đã cập nhật 07:22, 22 thg 3, 2017 ]

Advances in technology make the prospect to find the second Earth potentially viable. While I agree that terrestrial life has become increasingly difficult, I do not believe that we should invest money in finding a new planet to live on.

On the one hand, there is no doubt that life is not as easy as it was in the past. The main problem is the growing level of environmental pollution that adversely affects humankind in all parts of the world. The rising consumption of natural resources such as gas, oil and coal has resulted in an enormous amount of carbon emissions being released into the atmosphere, which impairs the air quality and accelerates climate change. The consequences of this are grave. People in many big cities are suffering respiratory diseases; more lands are being shrunk due to the rise of sea levels; and there are frequent heat waves in tropical countries. Apparently, human life is now put in danger.

On the other hand, I would contend that spending money finding another home for all creatures on the Earth is not an effective measure. There is little hope of seeking a planet that has favorable conditions for life while the expenditure can be extremely huge. In contrast, a much better solution would be that we should invest in environmental projects and encourage people to lead a more environmentally friendly lifestyle. For example, green energy should be harnessed and made more available to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels, and individuals ought to opt for public transport rather than driving their vehicles. Such actions can cut exhaust emissions and slow down the effects of global warming, making the earth a more desirable place for us all.

In conclusion, although global warming is a global malady, it seems ludicrous to suggest that people should find another planet to settle down.

(306 words – written by Hoàng Hạnh, edited by Thầy Vinh IELTS)

Many people now live in societies where comsumer goods have become cheap. Do advantages outweigh disadvantages?

đăng 07:17, 22 thg 3, 2017 bởi Nam Đỗ Hoàng   [ đã cập nhật 07:17, 22 thg 3, 2017 ]

The prices of goods have reduced significantly owing to increased productivity, technology and other factors, which allows people to afford various products. Beneficial as this development may seem instantly, there are some drawbacks worth considering.

On the positive side, the life of the population has largely improved in many areas. In terms of daily necessities such as food and clothing, lower costs enable even the impoverished to live on a tiny budget without their serious concern about hunger or the cold. Furthermore, those with average incomes can enjoy products of higher quality more than before. As for higher needs such as entertainment and education, affordable prices provide the majority of the population with access to better and higher education, whereas most common forms of leisure activities have been added to the options of ordinary people for better life quality. For instance, travelling by air for a holiday has become very common because of cheap airline, and more people are now able to attend courses with reasonable fees at centres.

However, price reduction is also accompanied by several disadvantages. One of them is the decline in product quality generally caused by the failure to comply with mass manufacture standards. An obvious example of this is China made goods which are notorious for poor durability as a result of using unqualified materials and unskilled labour in exchange for price competitiveness. Another problem is that people can waste products and resources when the goods are too cheap to mind. For example, households and restaurants throw away a massive amount of leftovers every day worldwide; similarly, water is wasted in many developed countries.

In conclusion, it is obvious to acknowledge the dominant benefits of humans' effort to make products financially available for everyone, but the adverse effects of this development should not be overlooked.

(290 words – by Bảo Nguyễn)

Children are facing more pressures nowadays from academic, social and commercial perspectives. What are the causes of these pressures and what measures should be taken to reduce these pressures?

đăng 20:52, 20 thg 3, 2017 bởi Nam Đỗ Hoàng   [ đã cập nhật 20:52, 20 thg 3, 2017 ]

There is a current distressing situation that the external life has burdened the youth with a wide range of pressures. In this essay, I would discuss several precursors to this issue, before some viable measures are drawn.

The fact that children are coerced into pressures and responsibilities stems from a number of root reasons. As far as the academic burden is concerned, it is the escalating competitiveness of the job market accompanied with the parental over-expectation that is to blame. The organisations’ demand of a qualified workforce pours into the parents’ mind a thought that their children have to be successful at school, and many youths today take studying as an obligation. In addition, some children, mostly those who have special talents or are born in famous families, may find their personal life in  the public interest. The appearance on the media at such a young age may deprive the junior citizens of an innocent and carefree childhood. Regarding the commercial pressure children have to encounter, fast food chains or sweetshops have made them the target customers; and they are dragged into a chaotic influx of information by both the online and offline advertising campaigns.

In  order  to  reverse  such  pressures  on  children,  I  would  like  to  propose  a  number  of  drastic remedies. Firstly, parents should create a mentally and physically healthy domestic environment, involving  a  balance  between  learning  and  relaxing.  Cooling-down  activities  such  as  sports, drawing or traveling, which are normally affordable, can release the stress of children brought on by both  academic and social burdens. In addition, business morality has to be emphasised and penetrated by all firms. They should keep their online advertisements inaccessible to the youth by putting age restrictions on their websites.

In final words, it is unfair for the children to bear any kind of pressure, and every part of society should exert effort to provide them with a happy youth life.

(316 words - Thanh Nguyen)

Whether or not someone achieve their aims is mostly a question of luck. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

đăng 20:49, 20 thg 3, 2017 bởi Nam Đỗ Hoàng   [ đã cập nhật 20:49, 20 thg 3, 2017 ]

The debate whether luck is the primary determinant of success in achieving targets has been heated constantly. My position is that hard work and determination are far more important than luck, while luck must not be considered as the main precursor of the attainment of one’s goals.

I advocate the notion that the role of being industrious and determined is more significant thanluck. Thomas Edison, one of the greatest inventors in the 20th century, is an excellent example

of such a notion. He conducted numerous experiments with the filament until the finest light bulb was produced; and his hard work, rather than luck, was acknowledged by all the human race. Another clear evidence of this notion is the case of Nguyen Ngoc Ky. This disabled man could not write by hand, but he was determined enough to teach himself to write by foot. The fact that he would then became one of the greatest teachers in the history of education in Vietnam provides a concrete foundation that even with bad luck, determination could result in goal achievement.

By contrast, I believe the saying that fortune has a major part to play is just a fallacy. One clear reason is that although there may have been a number of people reaching their goals with good luck, such good luck in most cases only comes to people who have worked hard. Take Mendeleev as an example. As a research chemist, he worked tirelessly for a few decades, until one day in his  dream,  the  complete  arrangement  of  the  elements  appeared.  The  appearance  of  this arrangement could be ascribed to luck, but no one could deny the extreme effort that Mendeleev had exerted. Another clear reason for my belief is that luck could only lead people to short-term achievements, and there is nothing to ascertain that it would continue to exist in the long run. The over-reliance on good fortune, as a result, would prevent people from achieving their long-term or life-long aims.

In brief, I think the importance of luck in determining goal attainment is overstated, while there are much more significant factors to consider, namely hard work and determination.

(359 words, written by Tu Pham)

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