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Map Skills 

Historical Understandings

I. Explain political roots of our democracy

a. Greek Architecture

1. Parthenon
2. US Supreme Court Building
3. Law
4. Olympic Games 

b. Explain Athenians idea that a community choose leaders

c. Compare and contrast

1. Athens as a direct democracy
2. With US as a representative democracy

II. Discuss the lives of Americans who expanded rights and freedoms of democracy

A. People

1. Paul Revere -independence
2. Fredrick Douglass - civil rights
3. Susan B. Anthony - womens rights
4. Mary McLeod Bethune - education
5. Franklin D. Roosevelt - New Deal and WWII
6. Eleanor Roosevelt - United Nations and Human Rights
7. Thurgood Marshall - civil rights
8. Lyndon B Johnson - Great Society and Voting Rights
9. Cesar Chavez - Workers rights

B. Explain that these historical figure had to overcome

Describe how they overcame them
1. Social Barriers
2. Restrictions
3. Obstacles

Geographic Understandings

I. Locate major topographical features of US

a. ID major rivers of US

1. Mississippi
2. Ohio
3. Rio Grande
4. Colorado
5. Hudson

b. ID major mountain ranges of US

1. Appalachian
2. Rocky

c. Locater items on a globe

1. equator
2. prime meridian
3. line of latitude
4. line of longitude

d. Locate Greece on a world map

II. Describe cultural and geographic systems associated with historical figures

a. ID political map specific locations significant to historic figures

1. Paul Revere -independence
2. Fredrick Douglas - civil rights
3. Susan B. Anthony - womens rights
4. Mary McLeod Bethune - education
5. Franklin D. Roosevelt - New Deal and WWII
6. Eleanor Roosevelt - United Nations and Human Rights
7. Thurgood Marshall - civil rights
8. Lyndon B Johnson - Great Society and Voting Rights
9. Cesar Chavez - Workers rights

b.Describe how place ( physical and human characteristics) had an impact on historical figures

c. Describe how historical figures adapted to and were influenced by environment

d. Trace examples of travel of historic figures and their ideas across time

e. Describe how the region of historic figures affected their lives and had an impact on cultural identification

Government and Civic Understanding

I. Explain basic principles that provide foundation of a republicanform of government

a. Explain separation of power between branches of government
b. Name three branches of government
1. national
2. state
3. local

Name three branches of each

1. executive
2. legislative
3. judicial

Names of legislative branch

1. Congress
2. General Assembly
3. City Commission
4. City Council

c. State example of responsibilities of each level and branch of government

II. Describe how historical figures display positive character traits of cooperation, diligence, liberty, justice, tolerance. freedom of conscience and expression, and respect for and acceptance of authority

Economic Understandings

I. Describe four types of productive resources

a. Natural (land)
b. Human (labor)
c. Capital (capital goods)
d. Enterpreneurship (create goods and services)

II. Explain that government provide

a. types of goods and services in a market economy

b. pay for these through taxes and describe services

1. schools
2. libraries
3. roads
4. police
5. fire
6. military
III. Give examples of interdependence and trade and explain how voluntary exchanges benefits both parties

a. Interdependence of consumers and producers of

-Goods and services
- Wants and Needs
- Supply and Demand

b. How goods and services are allocated by price in the marketplace

c. Explain that some things are:

1. Made locally
2. Made in US
3. Made in other countries
d. Explain most countries create and their own currency


IV. Describe the costs and benefits of personal spending and saving choices