trenches in WW1 were based on a standard trench system; it was three parallel
lines, interconnected by communication trenches. These communication trenches were
of critical importance; they connected all the trenches together, so if the
enemy managed to get control over it, they got control over three lines of
trenches. The trench was about seven feet deep and six feet wide.
The front of the trench is the parapet. The top part of the
trench and the rear side of the trench was usually made out of Sandbags.
Sandbags help stop bullets and
the trench was very deep, it was impossible to see over the top, so they used
something known as s a fire-step, the soldiers stood on
it and fired at the enemy.
Duckboards were placed at the
bottom of the trenches, it stopped humidity and moist.
A very important part of the trench is the
dugout. The Dugouts are very important
because artillery strikes can last for days, the only safe place for the
soldiers are the dugouts. The British artillery strikes on the Germans lasted
for seven days, thanks to the dugouts; only two German soldiers were
injured. Dugouts were also made to give the soldiers cover from the
bases were usually 5-10 kilometer behind the trenches. The planes help the
artillery hit their target by telling them to aim slightly left or slightly
wire and machine gun posts were placed in front of the front-line trenches to
stop any intruder. Machine guns and barbed wire were very beneficial in the
trench warfare; they were the main sources of defense.
used something called loopholes, loopholes allowed soldiers to see what was
going on in the battlefield without exposing their heads.
from the trench was pretty accurate; snipers, machine guns, and riffles did the
job. Snipers were very accurate, they could be fired from far distances but
still hit minute targets. The best thing about snipers is that the shooter can
shoot and kill enemies but still be safe. Machine guns were not as accurate in
far distance, but very handy in close distances. Soldiers using the machine guns
were just as safe; they were surrounded by sandbags. Sandbags absorbed any
bullet or shell passing by. However riffles were the least accurate, they were
hard to reload and didn’t always hit the target; it was harder to aim
**This link below shows a video of the trench warfare, the video shows the significance of barbed wire and machine guns on defense. The video also shows how sandbags protected soldiers from bullets and grenades. Fire-steps were also shown used by soldiers to stand on.