Arminianism

posted May 29, 2012, 6:36 PM by Hector Falcon   [ updated Jan 6, 2013, 7:15 PM ]

Arminianism is based on the ideas of a theologian named Jacobus Arminius and his supporters called the Remonstrants.  Dutch Arminianism was originally articulated in the Remonstrance of 1610. This was a theological statement signed by 45 ministers supporting the views of Arminius. The Synod of Dort (1618–19) was called by the States General to respond to the Remonstrance. The five points of the Remonstrance asserted that:

  1. election (and condemnation on the day of judgment) was conditioned by the rational faith or nonfaith of man;
  2. the atonement, while qualitatively adequate for all men, was efficacious only for the man of faith;
  3. unaided by the Holy Spirit, no person is able to respond to God’s will;
  4. grace is not irresistible; and
  5. believers are able to resist sin but are not beyond the possibility of falling from grace.

The focus of the argument by Remonstrant Arminianism centers in the assertion that human dignity requires an unimpaired freedom of the will. God's sovereignty is limited and cannot override the human free will.

Many Christian believers have been swayed by Arminian views. The Baptists in the 16th century, the Methodists and the Congregationalists of the early New England colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries and the Universalists and Unitarians in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Arminianism refers to those who uphold the original beliefs of Jacobus Arminius which is a common way to define Arminianism. Hugo Grotius, John Wesley and other church leaders supported Arminian views. Classical Arminianism and Wesleyan Arminianism are the two main views. Wesleyan Arminianism is the theology of Methodism. Arminianism has been altered to some extent by Semipalagianism and Pelagianism, even though the advocates of Arminianism would likely disagree with this observation. 

A problem I see with this view is that it undermines the Reformed view regarding the depravity of mankind. In many ways it supports the secular humanist view of the Enlightenment which had a very positive view of both human nature and human reasoning. That viewed seen mankind as basically good - not sinful.  So - we have two diametrically opposed views of human nature which will result in different worldviews. But even more important is what the Bible teaches about this issue. For those interested in pursuing the issue in more depth please refer to the resources below.   

Additional Resources: 

http://www.theopedia.com/Arminianism

References:

A History of the Baptists Third Edition by Robert G. Torbet

Wikopedia


In the following video clip John MacArthur presents an overview of Reformed theology and refutes Arminiamism showing that the Reformed view has been historically the orthodox position.

MacArthur Refutes Arminianism

 
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