Greek Civ

INTRO TO ANCIENT GREEK CIVILIZATION -  PRIMARY SOURCE LESSON

 

Time Needed:  Two class periods

 

Materials Needed:  Copies of primary sources from textbook McDougal Littel World History (full edition or eEdition), copies of "Individual Source Handout" and "Group Writing Assignment," CD-ROM version of textbook

Source A          Stone relief panel of democracy (democracy) – p. 122

Source B          Pericles quote (democracy) – p. 135

Source C          Homer quote (war) – p. 126

Source D          Theseus plate (war) – p. 122

Source E          Greek goddess sculpture (art) – p. 122

Source F          Thucydides quote (art) – p. 122

 

Prior knowledge needed:  definition of civilization?

 

Skills used:  Analyzing primary source documents, categorizing information, making inferences, determining main idea

 

Procedures (Day One):

1.      (2 minute starter) Teacher explains that class will be learning about ancient Greek civilization and determining what Greek civilization was like based on primary source evidence. 

 

2.      (3 minutes) Define primary source.  Give examples as a class. 

 

3.      (5 minutes) Hand out “Individual Source” handout.  Project image of Parthenon.  As a class, answer three questions on handout.

a.       What is my source? What do I see/what does it say?

b.      What does it mean? (words, symbols, etc)

c.       What can I guess about Greek civilization based on my document?

 

4.      (5 minutes) Teacher gives each student one primary source.  Students spend 5 minutes analyzing their primary source and answering the following questions on a piece of paper (“Individual Source” handout also provided):

           

 

5.      (15 minutes) After students answer questions on their own, they get in groups where each of the six sources are represented.  Explain to students that each set of sources can be grouped into 3 categories/characteristics of Greek civilization.  In their groups, each student shares out which source they analyzed and their answers to the questions. 

 

6.      (10 minutes) After everyone shares out, the group looks at all of the sources as a whole and tries to determine the three characteristics of Greek civilization. 

 

7.      (5 minutes) Once the groups have identified the three characteristics, share out as a class to ensure that all groups know what the characteristics are (art, democracy, war).

 

Procedures (Day Two):

1.      (20-25 minutes) Using the “Group Writing Assignment” template given, students write a response as a group answering the following question:  What were some characteristics of ancient Greek civilization?

 

2.      (5-10 minutes) Have one group volunteer to share out response.  Ask class if any group has anything radically different.  If so, they can share out.

 

3.      (15 minutes) Lesson Wrap-up:

 

a.       (10 minutes) Discuss students’ experiences working with one primary source.  Then discuss students’ experiences working with multiple sources.  Did students get a clearer picture when they had access to multiple sources?  How did looking at primary sources help them learn about Greek civilization?  Do they look at primary sources in textbook? 

b.      (5 minutes) Project the next chapter section reading.  Look at various primary sources in that section.

 

Suggestions on where to go from here: 

Introduce how to take chapter notes where students include primary sources in their notes.

 

    


 

SOURCE A

   

 

 

 

 

  images attached in Word lesson

 

  

 

 

 

This stone relief panel of

Democracy crowning Athens was

placed in the marketplace, where

citizens could see it daily.

 

 

 

  1. What is my source?  What do I see? What does it say?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. What does it mean? (words, symbols, etc)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. What can I guess about ancient Greek civilization based on my document?


SOURCE B

 

Our constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people. When it is a question of settling private disputes, everyone is equal before the law; when it is a question of putting one person before another in positions of public responsibility, what counts is not membership in a particular class, but the actual ability which the man possesses. No one, so long as he has it in him to be of service to the state, is kept in political obscurity because of poverty.

 

PERICLES, “The Funeral Oration,” from Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War

 

 

 

  1. What is my source?  What do I see? What does it say?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.      What does it mean? (words, symbols, etc)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.      What can I guess about ancient Greek civilization based on my document?


SOURCE C

 

“My dear husband, your warlike spirit will be your death. You've no compassion for your infant child, for me, your sad wife, who before long will be your widow. . . . As for me, it would be better, if I'm to lose you, to be buried in the ground. . . .”

 

Great Hector . . . replied, “Wife, all this concerns me, too. But I’d be disgraced, dreadfully shamed . . . , if I should slink away from war, like a coward. [F]or I have learned always to be brave, to fight alongside Trojans at the front, striving to win great fame for my father, for myself.”

 

HOMER, Iliad (translated by Ian Johnston)

 

 

 

  1. What is my source?  What do I see? What does it say?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.      What does it mean? (words, symbols, etc)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.      What can I guess about ancient Greek civilization based on my document?


SOURCE D

 

 

 

  image attached in Word lesson

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

This plate shows Theseus, the

greatest hero of Athens, killing the

mythological beast Minotaur.

 

 

 

 

  1. What is my source?  What do I see? What does it say?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.      What does it mean? (words, symbols, etc)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.      What can I guess about ancient Greek civilization based on my document?


SOURCE E

 

  images attached in Word lesson
 

The Greeks often adorned

their public buildings with

graceful sculptures of gods

and goddesses.

 

  1. What is my source?  What do I see? What does it say?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.      What does it mean? (words, symbols, etc)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.      What can I guess about ancient Greek civilization based on my document?

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 SOURCE F

 

For we are lovers of the beautiful in our tastes.”

 

THUCYDIDES, a historian

 

 

 

 

  1. What is my source?  What do I see? What does it say?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.      What does it mean? (words, symbols, etc)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.      What can I guess about ancient Greek civilization based on my document?

 

 

 


GROUP WRITING ASSIGNMENT

 

Focus Question:  What were some characteristics of ancient Greek civilization?

 

Paragraph A:  Greek civilization had/was __________________.  ____________________

                        characteristic #1                     source 

 

shows this characteristic because __________________________________________________

description of the source showing the characteristic of Greek civilization

_____________________________________________________________________________

 

_____________________________________________________________________________.

 

 

____________________ also shows this characteristic because __________________________

            source

_____________________________________________________________________________

description of the source showing the characteristic of Greek civilization

 

_____________________________________________________________________________

 

_____________________________________________________________________________.

 

Paragraph B:  Greek civilization had/was __________________.  ____________________

                        characteristic #2                     source 

 

shows this characteristic because __________________________________________________

description of the source showing the characteristic of Greek civilization

_____________________________________________________________________________

 

_____________________________________________________________________________.

 

 

____________________ also shows this characteristic because __________________________

            source

_____________________________________________________________________________

description of the source showing the characteristic of Greek civilization

 

_____________________________________________________________________________

 

_____________________________________________________________________________.

 


Paragraph C:  Greek civilization had/was __________________.  ____________________

                        characteristic #3                     source 

 

shows this characteristic because __________________________________________________

description of the source showing the characteristic of Greek civilization

_____________________________________________________________________________

 

_____________________________________________________________________________.

 

 

____________________ also shows this characteristic because __________________________

            source

_____________________________________________________________________________

description of the source showing the characteristic of Greek civilization

 

_____________________________________________________________________________

 

_____________________________________________________________________________.

 

 

 

 

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Meghan Selway,
Aug 19, 2010, 1:18 PM
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