Turkey on the World Heritage List

Turkey is a vast country full of unique natural landscapes and a rich history and culture spanning centuries where great civilisations have lived and roamed. As a great many have already discovered, there is much more to Turkey than its beautiful beaches and warm weather; indeed, Turkey has 9 registered locations on UNESCO’s (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation’s) World Heritage dotted all around the country.
 
 
 
 
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

Two of these wonders were situated in what is now Turkey – although neither has survived to the present day: The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus and the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus

The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus

The Temple was built to house the cult image of Artemis Ephesia which shares many features in common with the Anatolian Mother Goddess Cybele. The temple was devastated by fire in 262 AD, and although the temple itself has not survived, some of its sculptures have and are now housed in the British Museum in London.

 
 
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, in what is now Bodrum, was built of white marble, some 135 feet high. It was the tomb of the Persian Governor of Caria, Mausollos. The tomb’s fame spread to such an extent that the word ‘mausoleum’ is taken from a corruption of the Latin form, Mausolus, of the governor’s name. Today, only the foundations remain, although some of the sculptures can be seen in the British Museum in London.


 
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