There are hundreds of different species of molds, but around your house you will commonly see five: blue-green and white, white, pink, gray-brown and fuzzy and black.

The pink is fusarium and is dangerous. Do not eat anything with pink mold on it as it produces a toxin. The US government claims that the black mold (aspergillius) and the blue and white mold (pencillium) can produce cancer-causing toxins when grown on grain. I am skeptical of that claim, but I pass it on to you as is. You eat the black mold (aspergillius) if you eat miso, and the blue and white mold (pencillium) if you eat blue cheese.

All molds are dangerous if you breathe their spores. If you touch something with mold on it and see a fine mist or powder rise up, do not breathe and immediately leave the room. After the powder has had time to settle down, return with a cloth filter over your face, take the item outside and let the spores blow away in the wind in a direction away from you. The spores are not toxic, per se, it's just that they are baby molds and can grow into bigger molds if they land on something moist and warm and you do not want them to do so inside you. If you were intending to use them for something, like making your own blue cheese or culturing pasteurized milk, you can do so, just be sure you do not breathe in any. (See spores for more information on dealing with mold that has been breathed into the lungs.)

Molds make many good things that could be useful to us like enzymes that would help us digest our food, but primarily molds today are used by large manufacturers to make things that are bad for us, like quorn or high fructose corn syrup. The govt seems most soliticitous of our welfare in warning us that any mold could be dangerous to use without mentioning all the large industries that use molds to create and sell valuable commodities to their profit.
  The Types Of Molds Around Us 

White, Diplodia. A Harmless white mold that produces no toxins. May sometimes have small black spots. We often speak of the white stuff on top of sauerkraut or other lacto-ferments as "kahm" but I have been unable to find any scientific reference to this kahm as an actual living entity. Diplodia is my primary candidate for the mold that causes "kahm", but I can find no scientific reference saying exactly what kahm is. Diplodia is used in the production of salami and other preserved sausages. Turquoise and white, Penicillium. The blue and white mold that makes blue cheese and penicillin, and make lemons and bread moldy. In ancient times, soldiers took this moldy bread with them on campaigns to use to prevent infection from war wounds. Probably harmless but the government claims it sometimes produces chemicals called "ochratoxins" that causes cancer (this doesn't stop them from selling it in birth control pills.) There is a book entitled, "Selected mycotoxins: ochratoxins, trichothecenes, ergot." refuting the  carcinogen claim. See Issues below.

Gray-brown and fuzzy, Botrytis -- Destroys fruit during cool, damp weather, becomes noble rot making sweet dessert wine when weather is damp in the morning and hot and dry in the afternoon.

Black, Aspergillius niger -- Also called filamentous fungi. A few of more than 200 of these molds cause illness. Most people are naturally immune. A. niger fermentation is "generally regarded as safe" (GRAS) by the FDA. Used by industry to make citric acid and gluconic acid.  Enzymes produced by A.. niger fermentation include glucoamylase, pectinase and galactosidase (an enzyme that breaks down certain complex sugars, is a component of Beano and other medications which the manufacturers claim can decrease flatulence). In 2006 it was reported that a secreted RNase produced by A. niger called actibind has antiangiogenic (anti-tumor) and anticarcinogenic characteristics. A. niger is the main agent in the fermentation of Pu-erh tea and miso.

Pink, Fusarium and Gibberella
X fusarium, the non-reproductive stage of gibberella -- white to pink or salmon-coloured mold with a "streaking" or "star-burst" pattern. Fusarium attacks cells by secreting mycotoxins that dissolve cell walls so that the fungus is then able to eat the cell's contents, enter the cell cavity and reproduce. Produces a toxin called fumonisin which can cause liver and kidney damage and birth defects. It was used to create biological warfare agent "yellow rain". Mostly infects corn and other cereals, toxin mostly affects pigs and horses. Mold can grow in potted plants in hosptials and toxins can affect immunosuppressed patients.  Caution: don't eat anything with pink mold and especially don't breathe or take in any.
X gibberella, the reproductive stage of fusarium -- dark pink, red or purple. Produces:
* gibberellin, a plant hormone that promotes cell elongation and is good for flower formation, and seedling growth;
* vomitoxin or deoxynivalenol, an estrogen toxin that causes anorexia or lack of weight gain in animals but is not considered highly toxic in humans (that is, you would have to eat a lot of infected grain to be affected by it); and
* zearalenone, a mycoestrogen that causes abortions in animals.
Mostly infects corn and other cereals. Caution: don't eat anything with pink, red or purple mold. If accidentally, ingested, no treatment is required provided the toxin source is removed. Symptoms will go away 3-4 weeks after eliminating suspect food.

 Appearance of Molds

On corn

left to right: diplodia (white), penicillium (blue-green and white) and fusarium or gibarella (pink). Pink fusarium produces toxins and should not be eaten. The white diploida and blue green pencillium are not toxic and are not dangerous to anything but the corn. The pink one is fusarium and can cause loss of appetite, and subsequently loss of weight if consumption is continued, and induce abortion.



How The Medical Establishment Decided Mold-Made Zearelenone Suppresses the Immune System

Zearalenone is a mycoestrogen. It is sometimes called a mycotoxin, but this is a misnomer. Whether someone calls it a mycoestrogen or a mycotoxin usually depends on whether they want to scare you away from it or sell it to you as birth control pills.

Zearalenone is all around us. You eat trace amounts of it unavoidably. In noticeable amounts it is a sickly pink color and you would avoid it. In order to eat enough to do any damage to your hormone system you would have to eat more infected corn and cereal than you could eat even if you wanted to eat it. 

So the gov't did a study to find a way to deliberately suppress the immune sysem (to help with transplants). They took an extract of zearalenone in concentrations higher than you would be able to eat if you were to get it from its natural sources of corn and cereal. They gave this extracted zearalenone to New Zealand hamsters that had been bred to have a weak liver. After prolonged exposure to the substance, the hamsters developed liver problems which in turn compromised their immune response.

So, that's why the gov't says that mycotoxins from mold harm the immune system -- they took amounts far more than anyone could normally eat if they wanted to, and gave it to animals that were genetically engineered to be susceptible to it but who would probably refuse to eat it if they had the choice because its first effect is to put animals off their feed and, after some time, the animals got sick. So, yes, if you were to get injections of zearalenone over time it probably would damage your endocrine sysem but here on the real world where you would (a) not eat extract of moldy cereal and (b) would stop eating it if you did so accidentally and (c) you are not specifically designed to have a liver that would be susceptible to large quantities of moldy cereal extract over a prolonged period of time, it will probably, in all likelihood, not cause damage to either your liver or your immune system. Not because it couldn't, under some circumstances, but because those circumstances are never going to occur outside a lab or for people who are not lab animals.

The classification of mold metabolites as antibiotic or mycotoxin is based on their toxicity or beneficial effect in treating diseases.

After that, it appears that the worst thing toxins produced by most molds can do to you -- and not all molds produce any kind of toxin whatsoever -- is make you high, delusional or give you a shamanic drug experience, depending on your point of view. That is another aspect that our benevolent government neglects to tell us about molds, preferring to lump them all such effects under the adjective "poisonous".

Not all things labelled "Poison" are equal.
There are 3 things the government and FDA call poison: stuff that makes you sick or dead that you or I would call poison, stuff that people use as a cure for something the government doesn't approve of like Laetrile in apricot pits, almonds and apple seeds and stuff that is used as a recreational drug by some people, like the stuff found in green potatoes.
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