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Educate Yourself!

The UN Charter
Signed on June 26, 1945 and put into effect that October, the Charter of the United Nations marked a pivotal turning point for international diplomacy. It outlines the main purposes of the United Nations, which are to maintain international peace and security, maintain friendly relations among nations, and achieve international cooperation in solving international problems. Particularly important is the first clause to the Preamble, stating the UN’s mission to “save succeeding generations from the scourge of war.” This is of course a mission WILPF supports, and one that is integrated into all of our endeavors!
Click here to read the Charter

Article 26 of the UN Charter
Also germane to WILPF’s mission, Article 26 highlights the UN’s intention to regulate armaments and reduce military expenditure in order to foster international peace and security. It grants the Security Council responsibility for shifting resources toward human security. The article reads, “In order to promote the establishment and maintenance of international peace and security with the least diversion for armaments of the world's human and economic resources, the Security Council shall be responsible for formulating, with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee referred to in Article 47, plans to be submitted to the Members of the United Nations for the establishment of a system for the regulation of armaments.”

Security Council Resolution 1325
adopted October 31, 2000
Security Council Resolution 1325 was the first resolution passed by the Security Council that specifically addressed the impact of war and conflict on women, and women's contributions to conflict resolution and sustainable peace. SCR 1325 calls for increased women’s participation at every level of decision-making with regard to conflict prevention and resolution. It also emphasizes protection of women and girls in conflict zones and refugee camps. In addition, this resolution encourages the Secretary-General and other actors to incorporate a gender perspective into all aspects of decision-making, peacekeeping, and UN reporting.
Click here for full text, analysis, and other relevant articles from PeaceWomen

Security Council Resolution 1820
adopted June 19, 2008
Security Council Resolution 1820 was the first resolution passed by the Security Council to demand cessation of all acts of sexual violence against civilians by all parties to armed conflict. It emphasizes the legal status of sexual violence as a war crime, a crime against humanity, and a component of genocide. This resolution deems sexual violence a strategy of war and a threat to international peace and security. Also focusing on post-conflict situations, it calls for UN agencies to ensure that peacebuilding efforts pay special attention to the effects of sexual violence in matters of post-conflict reconstruction and recovery.
Click here for full text and background from PeaceWomen

Security Council Resolution 1888
adopted September 30, 2009
Security Council Resolution 1888 concentrates on the significance of women’s leadership on gender-based issues and sexual violence in order to effectively address women’s needs in conflict zones. It requests the appointment of a Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict in order to provide adequate leadership for coordinated efforts by the UN and host countries. The UN achieved this aspect of the resolution in February 2010, with the appointment of Margot Wallström to the position. SR 1888 also requests an annual report on the status, trends and concerns regarding parties of armed conflicts suspected of committing acts of sexual violence, and measures taken to prevent further offenses.
Click here for full text and background from PeaceWomen

Security Council Resolution 1889
adopted October 5, 2009
Security Council Resolution 1889 pays particular attention to the involvement of women during the post-conflict and reconstruction periods and emphasizes the importance of an increase in the number of women among peacebuilding and peacekeeping personnel. It urges actors involved in the planning for disarmament, demobilization, and integration programs to specially consider the needs of women associated with armed groups. It emphasizes women’s importance as actors in the conflict resolution process.
Click here for full text and background from PeaceWomen

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)
Enacted as international law in 1970, the NPT is the cornerstone of the global nuclear disarmament regime and has become the most successful arms control treaty in history. It contains the only binding commitment to nuclear disarmament in a multilateral treaty. Presently, 189 countries are party to the NPT; they have committed to foster peaceful nuclear cooperation in accordance with specific safeguards and to engage in negotiations to end the arms race, as noted in Article 6. Three main aspects of the NPT are non-proliferation, disarmament, and the right to peacefully use nuclear technology.
Click here for full text and background from Reaching Critical Will

Military Spending – You Get What You Pay For
You Get What You Pay For (YGWYPF) is a campaign launched by WILPF to call attention to the extraordinary resources devoted to militaries and armaments throughout the world. Research has shown that one year of the world’s military expenditures amounts to $1,464 billion dollars. With this amount of money, the nations of the world could fund approximately 700 years of the United Nations budget, or 2928 years of the new UN women’s entity whose establishment was called for in the autumn of 2009 by WILPF and many other women’s NGOs.
Click here for the full document. 

CEDAW
- Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Violence Against Women

Countries that have ratified the CEDAW and their reservations: http://tinyurl.com/qa73ga


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