HIV & AIDS Information
 
What is HIV, how it is transmitted, and what are its effects on the human body? 
We have a range of information on HIV testing, treatment, side-effects and
 how to live well with HIV.

 
 
HIV

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus.


HIV infects and gradually destroys an infected person's immune system, 
reducing their protection against infection and cancers. 

Initially, someone living with HIV may show no symptoms of HIV infection as
their immune system manages to control it. However, in most cases their
immune system will need help from anti-HIV drugs to keep the HIV infection 
under control. These drugs do not completely rid the body of HIV infection.

Find out about the signs and symptoms of HIV infection 
and about how HIV can be treated.

 
AIDS

AIDS is short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.


AIDS is not a single disease or condition. Instead, it is a term that describes the
point when a person’s immune system can no longer cope because of the 
damage caused by HIV and they start to get one or more specific illnesses. 

People do not actually die from AIDS; they die from the cancers, 
pneumonia or other conditions that may take hold when their 
immune system has been weakened by HIV.

The term AIDS is now very rarely used. 
It is more usual to talk of late-stage or advanced HIV infection.