Dog - Hay Fever 狗 - 花粉症




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Hayfever symptoms in dogs are similar in some ways to those found in human hayfever sufferers, but dogs also show some unique canine symptoms. An estimated 10 percent of American pet dogs are affected by hayfever each year, so let’s learn what the symptoms look like in your pet so you’ll be able to get him appropriate care to help him feel better during hayfever season.

What Canine Hayfever Looks Like

Dogs with hayfever are often very itchy all over their bodies. The itching is followed by a rash that breaks out on the dog’s face and feet. Over time, the hair over the dog’s eyes and on his feet may actually begin to thin because he’s scratched so much or chewed his feet so often. Thesesymptoms indicate an atopic allergy, or one that is caused by an inhaled allergen that causes skin, rather than respiratory, problems.

In addition to the skin problems listed above, dogs with hayfever may also have watery eyes, runny noses and they may sneeze, but these symptoms are less common in dogs although they are probably more familiar to human hayfever sufferers than the skin problems previously discussed.

When Canine Hayfever Develops

Hayfever is a seasonal allergy in both dogs and people, causing the greatest problems during the summer and early fall. When you start to see pollen counts climbing on your local newscast or you start to feel hayfever symptoms yourself, you can expect to your dog to begin experiencingsymptoms himself. Once your area experiences its first hard winter frost, the hayfever symptomsshould subside for both you and your dog.

Although symptoms of canine hayfever can develop at any point in a dog’s life, they are most likely to begin when your pet is between 1 and 3 years old. Certain breeds, such as Boston terriers, Cairn terriers, Dalmatians, Irish setters, poodles, schnauzers, Scottish terriers, West Highland terriers and wire-haired terriers, may be more prone to developing hayfever than other purebred or mixed-breed dogs.

How to Help a Dog with Hayfever

A variety of methods can be used to help your dog feel better when his hayfever flares up. They include:

  • Administering oral or topical medications as recommended by your veterinarian
  • Bathing your dog frequently in cool water
  • Clipping your dog’s coat if he has long hair
  • Keeping your dog indoors on days when pollen counts are high
  • Running the air conditioner overnight to filter pollen out of your home environment
  • Soaking your dog’s feet in a bath of Epsom salt and water to relieve his itchy skin—rinse his feet completely before letting your dog out of the tub because he could develop diarrhea if he licks his paws when they have Epsom salt on them
  • Using oatmeal baths or other skin-soothing methods on your dog’s irritated skin
  • Washing your dog’s bedding weekly with hot water and drying them completely before returning them to your dog

If none of these treatments prove effective at controlling your dog's hayfever, he may be a candidate for allergy shots. This course of treatment involves administering small amounts of allergen over time to help your dog's immune system develop a resistance to the allergen. Ask your veterinarian for more information about this possible solution to your dog's allergy problem.






▲ (圖片來源:網路)

【亞太新聞網/生活新聞中心/綜合報導】

春暖花開,有時季節變化時期,患有花粉症的人可能會有所不適。但是您家的貓狗也有可能得到花粉症,且飼主卻全然不查,您家的寵物可能正飽嚐過敏之苦喔!

根據日本《朝日新聞》的報導指出,犬貓也會罹患花粉症,且不知悉此事的飼主約在半數之多。朝日新聞於3月初,針對20歲以上,家中有飼養貓狗的562位飼主做了調查。「是否知道家中貓狗也會得花粉症?」回答「知道」的人數比例在48.3%;在這其中,「有採取解決對策」的人佔64%;解決方法為「出門後回來好好刷毛」的人佔54%,解決方法為使用「空氣清淨機」的人佔46%;「幫寵物穿戴衣物與護目鏡」的佔32%;「減少寵物出門時間」佔37%。

一般來說,貓狗的過敏症狀大致相同,但狗狗對於花粉的過敏症更為明顯,這是因為狗的鼻子常常在外面聞來聞去的緣故。如果家中貓狗的眼睛紅紅的,且舔拭自己的比重比平常高,或是打噴嚏流鼻水的頻率變多,皮膚有異常、結膜炎、耳朵癢,不停抓癢那就可能是花粉症過敏,需帶家中寵物赴獸醫院檢查,以確認真正過敏源,進而對症下藥。

同時,異位性皮膚炎在狗狗身上發生的情況也相當頻繁,這種過敏症是因為對於空氣中花粉的變異過於敏感所造成,但亦有可能跟家中的蟎蟲有關係。也因此,居家環境的整潔度,也是有可能造成過敏源的因素,不可不留意。

關鍵字:花粉症 過敏 寵物 


過敏

狗狗過敏
就跟人一樣,狗狗也會過敏。雖然狗狗最常見的過敏類型和人類有些微不同,但對狗狗來說,過敏同樣是一件很討厭、不舒服,甚至是很痛苦的事情。
關於過敏,很重要的一點就是要了解過敏是一種長期存在的身體狀況,也可能永遠無法「根治」,這是狗狗天生的體質使然。不過,只要遵照獸醫師的建議,過敏是可以妥善控制的。
 

狗狗皮膚過敏
過敏最常見的特性,就是會反覆發作,有時候是季節性的,就像是春天,人容易會有花粉症一樣;有時候是一整年都會發生的,例如塵蟎引起的過敏。
 
異位性皮膚炎
狗狗最常見的過敏反應是一種稱為「異位性皮膚炎」的疾病。此疾病的成因有可能是對某些東西過敏,如:空氣中的花粉、塵蟎或某些食物。
 
異位性皮膚炎有些什麼症狀?
因為異位性皮膚炎會讓狗狗皮膚發癢,因此常見的徵兆有:
• 狗狗不斷抓咬後腿或肚子
• 狗狗不斷抓咬腋下
• 狗狗不斷抓咬耳朵
• 狗狗不斷咬兩腳內側
這些舉動通常會導致皮膚創傷,或是二次細菌感染,讓狗狗更加奇癢難耐。抓也不是,不抓也不是,怎麼辦?
 
如何治療異位性皮膚炎?
異位性皮膚炎是會長久存在的問題,極難根治,只能控制。解決方法首先是去除狗狗環境中的過敏因子,然後,視狗狗皮膚情況而定,或許再搭配一些藥物治療。有時候,異位性皮膚炎可能會突然變得嚴重,使皮膚病更加惡化,此時就需要加強治療。治療方法可能包括使用特殊的沐浴乳、護膚霜或乳液、止癢藥、對抗細菌感染的抗生素,甚至是免疫療法的預防注射,讓狗狗對引發問題的過敏原不要那麼敏感。


狗狗食物過敏
雖然食物過敏不像異位性皮膚炎那麼常見,但狗狗不論是在任何年齡都有可能發生食物過敏的狀況。奇怪的是,大部分的過敏反應,都是在狗狗已經食用一段時間之後才會出現。如果狗狗第一次吃到某種新的食物就立即出現不適反應,很可能不是過敏所造成,因為過敏反應的發生需要狗狗不只一次的食用某種食物。
 
常見的狗狗過敏食物
最常造成狗狗過敏的食物有牛肉、雞肉、魚、蛋和牛奶等食物。
 
食物過敏最常見的症狀
食物過敏的徵兆和其他類型的過敏非常類似。這表示我們很難光從外表來判斷是吸入過敏原或是食用某些食物所引起的過敏。
不過飼主可以留意狗狗是否有下列食物過敏的徵兆:
• 皮膚癢,尤其是臉部、腳掌和耳朵
• 耳朵感染
• 因為嚴重發癢而自己造成的皮膚傷口
• 皮膚散發異味
• 嚴重脫皮
• 紅色腫起或丘疹
• 腹瀉或嘔吐 (罕見)
 
我如何知道狗狗是否對食物過敏?
在狗狗接受一些昂貴的測試之前,您可以先做一些居家實驗,如:觀察狗狗在食用某種食物多次之後的反應、餵狗狗吃一些之前從未重複食用的食物…等,如果飼主還是覺得無法自行判別,可以向獸醫師請教相關問題。





















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