- The World Wide Web ("WWW" or simply the "Web") is a global information
medium which users can read and write via computers connected to the Internet.
The term is often mistakenly used as a synonym for the Internet itself, but the
Web is a service that operates over the Internet, as e-mail does.
- Gmail is a free, advertising-supported webmail, POP3, and IMAP service
provided by Google. Gmail was launched as an invitation-only beta release on
April 1, 2004 and it became available to the general public on February 7, 2007,
though still in beta status at that time.
- Gmail is a Norwegian e-mail system supporting X.400 as well as Internet
mail. The vendor name is Gallagher & Robertson (G&R). G&R Gmail is
not related to the better-known Gmail by Google. G&R's Gmail, and their
usage of the Gmail name, predates Google's system.
- Google's web-based e-mail service.
history - The Human
The Human Web: A Bird's-Eye View of World History
Why did the first civilizations emerge when and
where they did? How did Islam become a unifying force in the world of its birth?
What enabled the West to project its goods and power around the world from the
fifteenth century on? Why was agriculture invented seven times and the steam
engine just once?
World-historical questions such as these, the subjects of
major works by Jared Diamond, David Landes, and others, are now of great moment
as global frictions increase. In a spirited and original contribution to this
quickening discussion, two renowned historians, father and son, explore the webs
that have drawn humans together in patterns of interaction and exchange,
cooperation and competition, since earliest times. Whether small or large, loose
or dense, these webs have provided the medium for the movement of ideas, goods,
power, and money within and across cultures, societies, and nations. From the
thin, localized webs that characterized agricultural communities twelve thousand
years ago, through the denser, more interactive metropolitan webs that
surrounded ancient Sumer, Athens, and Timbuktu, to the electrified global web
that today envelops virtually the entire world in a maelstrom of cooperation and
competition, J. R. McNeill and William H. McNeill show human webs to be a key
component of world history and a revealing framework of analysis. Avoiding any
determinism, environmental or cultural, the McNeills give us a synthesizing
picture of the big patterns of world history in a rich, open-ended, concise
Google Chat window
This is what a window looks like in the browser
when chatting. Some cool features include: there is no additional tagging of who
is posting if the same person posts multiple times in a row, chat histories are
saved and very accessible, and the options allow you to take the chat "off the
record" where Google supposedly does not log it.
>50k Google Searches
Do I get a prize? :) These are only the
searches I do while logged in as myself, so I'm thinking this probably
represents 50% of what I've actually done. And of course it's limited to as long
as they've been keeping track of this stuff. I don't know how man years this has
been available. I didn't really log into Google until Gmail.
Named one of the greatest minds of the 20th
century by Time, Tim Berners-Lee is responsible for one of that century's most
important advancements: the world wide web. Now, this low-profile genius-who
never personally profitted from his invention -offers a compelling protrait of
his invention. He reveals the Web's origins and the creation of the now
ubiquitous http and www acronyms and shares his views on such critical issues as
censorship, privacy, the increasing power of softeware companies , and the need
to find the ideal balance between commercial and social forces. He offers
insights into the true nature of the Web, showing readers how to use it to its
fullest advantage. And he presents his own plan for the Web's future, calling
for the active support and participation of programmers, computer manufacturers,
and social organizations to manage and maintain this valuable resource so that
it can remain a powerful force for social change and an outlet for individual
If you can read this review (and voice your opinion about his
book on Amazon.com), you have Tim Berners-Lee to thank. When you've read his
no-nonsense account of how he invented the World Wide Web, you'll want to thank
him again, for the sheer coolness of his ideas. One day in 1980, Berners-Lee, an
Oxford-trained computer consultant, got a random thought: "Suppose all the
information stored on computers everywhere were linked?" So he created a system
to give every "page" on a computer a standard address (now called a URL, or
Universal Resource Locator), accessible via the HyperText Transfer Protocol
(HTTP), formatted with the HyperText Markup Language (HTML), and visible with
the first browser, which did the trick of linking us all up.
He may be the
most self-effacing genius of the computer age, and his egalitarian mind is
evident in the names he rejected for his invention: "I thought of Mine of
Information, or MOI, but moi in French means 'me,' and that was too
egocentric.... The Information Mine (TIM) was even more egocentric!" Also, a
mine is a passive repository; the Web is something that grows inexorably from
everyone's contributions. Berners-Lee fully credits the colorful characters who
helped him get the bobsled of progress going--one colleague times his haircuts
to match the solstices--but he's stubbornly independent-minded. His quest is to
make the Web "a place where the whim of a human being and the reasoning of a
machine coexist in an ideal, powerful mixture."
Hard-core tech types may wish
Berners-Lee had gone into deeper detail about the road ahead: the "boon and
threat" of XML, free vs. commercial software, VRML 3-D imaging, and such. But he
wants everyone in on the debate, so he wrote a brisk book that virtually anyone
can understand. --Tim Appelo