Description of the historical Ways of Saint James, with: planning stages, hostels, hotels, guesthouses, bars, ciberbares, restaurants, monuments, tips, festivals, gastronomy, history, meeting points, and heading home, maps, history and legends.
Just as Kings Magos, were guided by a star or Comet until Portal Bethlehem, pilgrims to Santiago, came from all parts and places guided by the Milky Way. Siguiendo El Camino de las Estrellas, llegaban al Campo de las Estrellas, donde descansa Santiago el Mayor. Following The Way of the Stars, arrived in the Field of Stars, where rests James the Greater. Since ancient, it was believed that Finisterre, it was the end of the world and the Atlantic was "the tomb of the sun". La indicación de Finisterre, también venia dada por la Vía Láctea. The indication of Finisterre, also given permission by the Milky Way. These facts astronomical, helped strengthen the magnetism that led the way millions of pilgrims and the creation of the Legends Way Jacobean. Large waves of pilgrims from Europe, defined different ways, almost always marked by churches and monasteries. Imagine for a moment, the difficulties, which included a pilgrimage: without knowing the language, without a unified currency, through Kingdoms very small and most of the time with wars and intrigues, exposed to the attackers, the despoliation of Bartenders the no maps, no paved roads, no bridges, ford rivers and streams, without adequate clothing and footwear, exposed to endemic diseases, rain, snow, mists and frost ...... con la ayuda de un Bastón y mucha Fe. With the help of a wand and a lot of faith. In these pages, we will help you decipher some of the riddles and know the origins: The Way of the Stars, The Way of the geese, game Oca, Maria Magdalena, Mérovingiens, Templar, Order of Santiago, Legends, Bestiary and Esoteric.
The Way of Saint James, is more than the realization of a particular physical journey. It means the way to go, to reach a goal in each Peregrine defines his own, something that reflected perfectly the following these: * There are so many ways as Pilgrims * The Way of Saint James begins at the door of your house * Many roads, a Destination.
If you mentioned is true, it is no less true that each pilgrim wanted to achieve its goal and this remained the information provided, so that defined what we today call Historic Roads. The five conditions to be fulfilled by an historic Camino:
1. Existence of a Historic Track defined, and continued use of the same old Cartography.
2. Names associated with the Peoples Way: Santiago, Maria Magdalena, The Way, goose, goose, Templars, Royal Road, Hospital ...
3. Network historic From Hospitals (Mercy) along the same. Just as the existence of Bridges, Calzadas, people with architecture Jacobea, other Acts and Monuments.
4. Historical documents and correspondence from Pilgrims to endorse the use of it. Milagros y Leyendas de Peregrinos a lo largo del Camino. Miracles and Legends of pilgrims along the Way. Tradicción oral que avale el paso de pergrinos. Oral Tradition to endorse the passage of pergrinos.
5. Churches and Chapels, with images of the apostle, Romanesque architecture. Walked opened roads, which were merged into different routes, which I will describe below:
It is the best known and most popular. The four French channels converge in Spain, through Roncesvalles and Somport. It runs through the communities of Aragon, Navarra, La Rioja, Castilla y Leon and Galicia. It presents an alternative, which uses the Roman road: Route Trajan or Via Trajan. From Villafranca del Bierzo, it is called The Way of Forgiveness, crossing into the Vega de Valcarce. Soon perceive the Magic and Esoteric stages of Villafranca-Vega Valcarce-O Cebreiro. There are a large number of monuments and infrastructure and is well signposted. Elías Valiña, "O Cura do Cebreiro" fue el pionero en señalizarlo, con una Fecha amarilla pintada a brocha, que se ha convertido en el símbolo del Camino. Valiña Eliña, " priest of the O Cebreiro" was the pioneer in señalizarlo, with a date painted yellow brush, which has become the symbol of the Way. The choice of color is due to the painting, donated by the Ministry of Public Works. The Way has taken its Signage is shared by Shell and the Red Santiago.
Comes down from the Somport pass in the Pyrenees and makes its way down through of Aragon. It follows the River Aragón passing through towns such as Jaca. It then crosses into the province of Navarre to Puente La Reina where it joins the French Way of Saiint James (Camino Francés Navarro).
Enter Spain for the Basque country, crossing the Bidasoa, follows the line of the Coast, crossing Guipuzcoa and Vizcaya, Cantabria and Asturias. En Galicia converge con el Camino francés en Melide o Arzúa. In Galicia converges with the French Way in Melide or Arzúa.
Born in Oviedo, King Alfonso the pilgrimage to Santiago. En Galicia, converge con el Camino francés en Melide o Arzúa. In Galicia, converges with the French Way in Melide or Arzúa. Si la Ruta Cantábrica fue la más importante hasta el siglo X, la más antigua es la que va de Padrón a Santiago, pues aquí comenzó la primera peregrinación, con el traslado del cuerpo del Apóstol Santiago -que llegó por la ría de Arosa a Iria Flavia- a su morada definitiva, Compostela. If Route Cantabrian was the largest until the tenth century, the oldest is the one that goes to Santiago Padrón, because here the first pilgrimage began with the transfer of the body of the Apostle Santiago-who arrived by the Ria de Arosa to Iria Flavia-his final resting place, Compostela.
It can be considered that comes from Seville, uses the Roman Calzadas that linked Merida and Astorga, joining Astorga Way to French. There are variations, which come to Galicia by A Mezquida. In A Gudiña raises two new branches. This is the route chosen by pilgrims from Western Andalusia, Extremadura, Salamanca, Zamora and some towns in Leon.
The Nordic peoples: English, Scottish, Irish, Scandinavian, made the journey by boat and unloaded at the ports of Ferrol in Coruña, to continue by foot, to Compostela.
The Portuguese, a language and culture very similar to the Galician tapeworms less difficulty, to perform the pilgrimage, which the Central. Presenta dos variantes, una que entraba por Tui y sigue por Porriño, la otra vía viene desde Chaves (Portugal) y se une en Verin con la Vía de la Plata. It has two variants, one that fell by Tui and follow Porrino, the other track comes from Chaves (Portugal) and joins in Verin with the Via de la Plata.
In the tradition of the arrival of the remains of the Apostle Santiago.
There were four main starting points in the Cathedral cities of: Tours, Vézelay, Le Puy-en-Velay and Arles.
In France, the way it is called Le Chemin de St. Jacques.
The Tours route used to be the pilgrimage of choice for inhabitants of the Low Countries and those of western France.
Start in Tours, although the paths Paris-Orleans-Tours or Paris-Chartres-Tours
The route passes through Poitiers and Bordeaux, the forest at Les Landes before connecting to the French Way Of Saint James (Camino Francés) in Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port or to the Northern or Coastal Way of St. James (Camino Norte o de la Costa) in Irun.
The Vézelay route passes through the central massif and continues to Le Puy-en-Velay
The Le Puy route is travelled by pilgrims starting in or passing through Le Puy-en-Velay. It passes through towns such as Espalion and Cahors before coming to Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port.
The route from Italy, becomes the Arles city. It goes through Montpellier, Toulouse and Oloron-Sainte-Marie before reaching the Spanish border at Col du Somport in the high Pyrenees. There it connects to the Aragonese Way, and as such is the only French route not to connect to the Camino Francés at Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port.
The Way is something dynamic and this submissive continuous changes, due to the drawn up one of new freeways, highways, parcelling, fence, urbanizations…. All these changes are acceptable, as well as those small deviations, that serve to facilitate and to improve the peregrination. Another very different thing is to use the use of erroneous signals, to turn aside of the Way to the pilgrims and to benefit commercially. We return to remember to Elías Valiña, the Friendly Associations of the Way and many volunteers who collaborate of disinterested form. To all of them our recognition and gratitude.
The standard signal is the Yellow Arrow, guinea fowl to brush, in the roads, houses, fences and trees. In the majority of the signals, it appears shoots with an arrow and next to Santiago xxx km, in some cases appears the name del that it has realised the signal. We support this initiative and we wished that each Pilgrim, paints its signal and personalice. The idea is not new and we remembered to you, that formerly each Pilgrim gathered a stone in Triacastela that took to fuse, to make lime and to raise the Cathedral.
After the Yellow Arrow, the following signal and the most used formerly are the Vieira or Concha (Shell), you will be able to see carved it in multitude of Churches and monuments. At the moment, the great blue large posters with the image of the Shell proliferate that it identifies to him like European Cultural Itinerary. Better it had been to use, the economic quantity, in installing 4 either 8 small posters the more, that would be the more useful and aesthetic. Also you will be able to find the Cross of Santiago, the old stone landmarks, similars to the kilometric ones, posters similar to those of hunting boundary.... Many communities have established, own signalings: In Navarre, the travelling one is with the signals GR. 65 (Footpath of Great Route) and its characteristic white red strips and. Also, tiles with a grafismo are used of saw connections it landmarks of cement or the facades of houses. In the Rioja and single Castile the yellow arrows In the province of Leon are used was gotten to create a poster with a lion dressed travelling that as soon as it has been used, although in the summer of the 2003, were attempts to promote it. In Galicia, the stone landmarks predominate, installed each 500 meters, being the community better signalized.
The squares of the game of the Goose indicate stages in which are points of great transcendence in the Way of Saint James
Crónicas - "Siempre hacia el Oeste"