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William Warwick's Fort Site is located on Deer Creek in Green Bank, in Pocahontas County, West Virginia.  It was a militia fort built in 1774, by George Moffatts' and George Matthews' companies.  The Warwick house was nearby but not at the fort site.

The fieldwork at Warwick's Fort was conducted over three days in July and four days in September.  In July several test units were excavated and core samples were taken across the site.  The coring located a portion of thee stockade, which was then exposed in a test unit (Figure 2a).  Several other units were also excavated.  During the September excavation, a larger area of the site was investigated.  We used a small track hoe to remove the plowzone from above the stockade that had been located in the test unit in July (Figure 2b).

A total of seven trenches were excavated.  The stockade consists of one bastion and two short stretches of stockade trench extending out from either side of the mouth of the bastion.  This stockade trench ends abruptly rather than enclosing the entire fort, as had been the case at Forts Donnally and Arbuckle.  It is possible that Warwick's Fort, normal spaced fence posts continued from where the deeply dug stockade trench ended.  Seven trenches were excavated to look for other segments of stockade trenching, but none were found.  It is also possible that the stockading abutted abouve ground strucctures which have left no archaeological trace.  Features must extend into the sbusoil to be visible since the entire site has been plowed.  A number of post mold and pit features were located.  Most of these pit features are not related to the fort occupation but rather from the late prehistoric occupation.  All features were photographed, drawn, and mapped, and all artifacts were collected.
 
For results of the mapping click here.  Of particular interest is a large post found south of the stockade, which may indicate the beginning of a stretch of fencing in which large posts were sunk into the ground at intervals, and the intervals filled in with either horizontal members or vertical members that were not placed in the ground, or at least not placed deep enough to go below the plowzone.

A number of interesting artifacts were recovered during the two seasons of work at Warwick's Fort.  To View the SamplesClick Here.

Education has been an important part of the frontier fort project.  With the assistance of landowner Bob Sheets, six classes from Greenbank schools visited Warwick's Fort during the excavation. The students were given a tour and then helped screen the backdirt from the trenches, and surface collect the trench backdirt.  A considerable portion of the backdirt was examined.

Future work at Warwick's Fort may include remote sensing to try to locate additional features, and further excavation.   The area to the south west of the bastion, from where a large historic post was discovered, and toward the southwestern edge of the terrace, especially need further investigation to look for additional evidence of stockading.

More investigating will take place at the fort's site from Monday September 15, 2008 through Friday September 19, 2008.  For more information contact Dr. W. Stephen McBride or Dr. Kim Arbogast McBride.

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