The 125th Pennsylvania Infantry was a volunteer company recruited
in Blair, Cambria and Huntingdon Counties. The 125th served a 9-month term from
August 1862 to May 1863. The Regiment was attached to the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and fought at the Battle of Antietam.
At Antietam the 1st Division charged through the East Woods, along the Great Cornfield, down Smoketown Road,
past the Dunker Church, and into the West Woods. The Division repulsed four Confederate
counterattacks at a price of 229 casualties within 20 minutes. A fifth,
heavily-reinforced Confederate counterattack forced a retreat with a desperate
struggle to retain the Regimental colors. Sargent Walter W. Greenland recovered
the colors and delivered them to his Captain.**
At Antietam the 125th lost 50 men, 91 more were seriously wounded and 84 were slightly wounded (See Also Sept. 18th, 1862 letter).
**History of the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1862-1863 by the Regimental Committee (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1906). On page 74:
There are a total of 32 letters, written from August 1862 to
May 1863, covering the 9-month term enlistment of the 125th Pennsylvania
The original letters were scanned
and then the image was enhanced with Photoshop to increase the contrast, in an
effort to make the letters more readable.
Letters were numbered by date and the different sides were noted with a -1,
-2, etc. The “E” in the image name represents "enhanced image."
Catalog of Civil War Letters
History of the 125th
The 125th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment lost 2 officers and 48 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 39 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. More information can be found at this link:
About the Author
My name is Walter S. Via, I am the great, great, great grandson of Walter W. Greenland.
Email: email me