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Death of Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, generally thought to be the founder of St Nicholas's College, within the castle. With his death, the ownership of the castle returns to the crown.

1302 Osbertus de Nottlee and Willielmus Clericus are the first representatives of Wallingford at Parliament for whom names are recorded.  
Edward II gives the castle to his favourite, Piers Gaveston. Gaveston, Baron Wallingford, proclaims a tournament at Wallingford, demanding attendance of many of his opposers, and insulting them.
Walter Langton is imprisoned at Wallingford Castle. Gaveston is banished due to his unpopularity, but returns to the honour of Wallingford in 1309.


Edward II

1312 Gaveston returns from another period of exile, takes back the castle and honour from Edmund Bacon, and is recompensed for losses. However, Gaveston is forced to surrender by a further challenge from the barons. Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick captures Gaveston when he is being conveyed to meet the king at Wallingford, and he is killed by the Earl of Lancaster's men. The castle goes to Hugh the younger Despenser – another favourite of Edward II despised by the barons. The Earl of Lancaster demands the banishment of Despencer and his father.


There is a petition for Berkshire’s county jail to be moved from Wallingford to Windsor – it subsequently moved to Reading.

1316 There is a pestilence which causes at least 28 deaths in the town.

14th-century vaulting in a cellar in the High Street.


Edward II gives the castle to Queen Isabella.


1322 Maurice, Lord Berkeley, and Hugh de Audley are sent to prison at Wallingford for supporting a rebellion against the King to remove the Despencers. 
1323 An attack on Wallingford - urged by the Earl of Lancaster and Roger de Mortimer – is conducted by Sir John Goldrington and Sir Edward de la Beche to rescue Lord Berkeley and Lord Audley. While they get into the castle, they are unable to release the prisoners. Sir Richard d’Amory comes and expells the intruders. Audley makes his escape and avoids severe punishment because his son has married Gaveston’s widow. Separately, there is a riot involving the Vicar of Clapcot and some butchers and dyers.  


Maurice, Lord Berkeley, dies in prison at Wallingford.

Edward II offers £1000 for the head of Mortimer (Isabella's lover) - Isabella then offers £2000 for the head of Hugh Despsencer, in a manifesto from Wallingford. The Despencers and the King are pursued to Bristol, where the elder Despencer is killed, and the younger shortly after at Hereford. A Royal feast  is held at Wallingford, with Mortimer installed as Constable at Wallingford Castle. Queen Isabella attends, with Edward is imprisoned at Kenilworth.

Richard of Wallingford writes Tractatus Albionis, which describes a complex geared astrolabe with four faces.

The return of Queen Isabella

1327  Edward II abdicates and makes Mortimer chief Minister – Edward is murdered at Berkeley Castle later that year.

Edward III


After the execution of Mortimer, Edward III takes the castle from his mother into his own hands, and then later gives Wallingford to his son, John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall.


John of Eltham dies.


An Act of Parliament causes the Duchy of Cornwall and all castles and honours (including Wallingford) to be bestowed on the eldest sons of the Kings of England. This means that Edward Duke of Cornwall, later known as the Black Prince, recieves to honour and castle of Wallingford. Richard of Wallingford writes Quadripartitum de sinibus demonstratis, the first original Latin treatise on trigonometry.

A book on Richard of Wallingford


Death of Richard of Wallingford.


Approximate date of building of "The Queens Head" at Crowmarsh. It is built as an aisled hall with arch-braced ties and collars, clasped purlins, and a lower tie with knee-braces.


Black Death hits Wallingford - at least a third, and possibly one half, of the population die. Most of the churches cease functioning.


The mayor of Wallingford and eight burgesses are arrested and imprisoned in the Marshalsea prison in London.


Edward the Black Prince marries Joan, the Fair Maid Of Kent, and Joan makes Wallingford her primary residence, causing .


The Mothalle is demolished and rebuilt nearby by John James.



Edmund of Langley, fifth son of Edward III and first Duke of York, marries Isabella of Castile at Wallingford.


Sir Aubrey De Vere, the Tenth Earl of Oxford and follower of Edward the Black Prince, is made constable of Wallingford Castle. Edward has made the castle one of his homes outside London.

The Queen's Head, Crowmarsh



Edward the Black Prince dies, and the honour and castle are held in dower by Joan.


Custodians of Wallingford Bridge are given a cottage, and tolls are levied.




Richard of Wallingford, Constable of the Castle supports Wat Tyler’s revolt against the poll tax, When Tyler’s army arrives at London, Richard II agrees to their petition on a condition of good behaviour, and Richard of Wallingford accepts. However, Tyler wants to dictate further terms, and Richard of Wallingford chooses to leave with the charter to go to St Albans. Tyler’s men kill the Archbishop of Canterbury and others, and then Tyler himself is killed by Walworth, one of the king’s men, during a discussion with the king. Richard of Wallingford arrives at St Albans, where insurrection is focused on the Abbey, and tries to resolve matters. Richard II later withdraws the charter he had agreed, but Richard of Wallingford survives, unlike Tyler’s other supporters.


The death of Wat Tyler


Joan, the fair maid of Kent, widow of the Black Prince, dies at Wallingford (8th August) – supposedly of a broken heart after her son Richard II, condemned his half-brother, John Holland, to death for the accidental killing of a court favourite. Holland (Joan’s son by Thomas Holland) is later reprieved.
Joan of Kent


The Earl of Wiltshire and his servants, Bussy, Bagot and Green, are made keepers of the castle. A four-day royal jousting tournament is held at Wallingford in 1390.


John Beaufort becomes governor of the castle.  


Richard II goes to Ireland and his fiancée, the eleven-year-old Queen Isabella de Valois, is moved to Wallingford Castle. Henry of Bolingbroke (later Henry IV) takes advantage of his absence to seize power. The Queen sets out with the Earl of Kent from Wallingford to meet Richard II (who was already captured) and is seized at Cirencester.

Henry IV executes William le Scrope, then constable of Wallingford Castle, and gives Thomas Chaucer, son of writer Geoffrey Chaucer, the castle and honour of Wallingford for life. William, Duke of Suffolk, marries Geoffrey Chaucer’s grand-daughter Alice and is benefactor of the school and almshouses in Ewelme.


Thomas and Alice Chaucer's grave at Ewelme

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