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13C

 
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1202 Hubert de Burgh is made constable of Wallingford Castle by King John (crowned 1199).  
1204 King John is a frequent visitor to Wallingford in 1204-5 and 1212-6. Many knights taken prisoner by John are put in Wallingford Castle prison. St Nicholas's College, within the castle, is founded during the reign of King John.  

1212

King John meets discontented barons at Wallingford, with an apparent reconciliation through the Pope’s legate.

King John

1213

King John holds a meeting at Wallingford regarding exiled bishops.

1214

Death of John of Wallingford, abbot of St Albans. John's chronicles describe the St Brice’s Day Massacre of the Danes, and note that "the Danes, thanks to their habit of combing their hair every day, of bathing every Saturday and regularly changing their clothes, were able to undermine the virtue of married women and even seduce the daughters of nobles to be their mistresses".

1215

King John orders the extension of Wallingford Castle - the Sheriff of Berkshire calls up all men to help. Wallingford mentioned in the Magna Carta, which John is forced to sign by the barons. "If anyone holding of some escheat such as the honour of Wallingford, Nottingham, Boulogne, Lancaster, or of other escheats which are in our hands and are baronies) shall die, his heir shall give no other relief, and perform no other service to us than he would have done to the baron if that barony had been in the baron's hand; and we shall hold it in the same manner in which the baron held it."

 

The Magna Carta

1216

Richard Fitz Roy, illegitimate son of King John, is made constable of Wallingford Castle.

1217

Ralph of Norwich is collated to deanery of Kings College at Wallingford.

1218 Henry III issues a royal proclamation changing the date of Wallingford market from Sunday to Monday. The King's chamber at castle is destroyed by fire.
1220 A new hall is added the castle.

1224

First reference to Hospital of John the Baptist – located at the site of St John’s Green. It receives a grant from Simon de Montfort.

 

1226

Henry III gives protection to those running the Crowmarsh lepers’ hospital during a visit to Wallingford.

 

Henry III

1227

Swyncombe Fair is moved from the feast of St Botolph to the feast of St Mark in order not to interfere with Wallingford fair. Wallingford's guild records begin, noting 34 shoemakers, 17 glovers, 44 mercers, 7 ironmongers, 12 smiths, 10 carpenters, 4 weavers, 5 fullers and 17 bakers.

1232

Ranulph III de Blundeville Le Meschines, the Earl of Chester, (c1172-1232) former holder of the honour of Wallingford and the castle, dies at Wallingford and his heart is buried at the castle. It had been agreed the previous year that the castle and honour should pass to Prince Richard, Earl of Cornwall,  brother to Henry III,   and son of King John. Richard later passes it to Edmund. The earliest municipal roll extant in the UK is from Wallingford 1231-2. It includes conveyancing of houses, rents and market stalls. William Fitzsimon had become Wallingford's first recorded mayor in 1231.

1238

After an affray between Otto, the Pope’s legate and scholars of Oxford University, Otto locks himself in a church tower in Osney, Oxford, before Henry III goes with his guards to Oxford, and conveys Otto to Wallingford.

1243

The Earl of Cornwall’s nuptial feast for his wedding to his second wife Sanchia takes place at Wallingford – Henry III is present. The death of former constable Hubert de Burgh occurs.

Hubert de Burgh

1246

Prince Richard of Cornwall, son of Richard, Earl of Cornwall and Holy Roman Emperor, is born at Wallingford Castle but dies within in a month.

1249

Richard celebrates Christmas at Wallingford. Richard is responsible for lavish building work at Wallingford Castle including the two outer baileys.

1250

Approximate date of closure of Wallingford’s Mint. Richard of Cornwall is believed to have built a stone bridge across the Thames around this time.

 
1253
 
 
1254
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1256
 
Henry III goes to Gascony and leaves Richard of Cornwall in charge.
 
Abraham of Wallingford, a Jewish financier is imprisoned in the Tower of London for suffocating his wife, Floria. According to Matthew Paris, she had cleaned a picture of the Virgin and Child that he had placed in his toilet. Richard of Cornwall, an acquantaince of Abraham, secures his release.
 

Prince Edward is at Wallingford – the servants of his household are "a most lawless set, committed great outrages against the monks of the priory".

Simon de Montfort

 

 

1258

 

Death of John of Wallingford an infimarius at St Albans, whose chronicle covers the period following that of the abbot John of Wallingford.

1262 Richard of Corwnall goes to Germany, and later that year Simon de Montfort , Earl of Leicester is thought to have taken Wallingford Castle along with other royal castles. and the Countess of Leicester is installed there. She is visited by de Montfort later in the year. The Earl of Leicester retires to France following a dispute with the Earl of Gloucester, who is now supporting the King, and Wallingford returns to Royal control.  
1263  The barons attack Wallingford Castle again.

 

Edward I

1264

Following the capture of the King, Wallingford surrenders to the Earl of Leicester. Prince Edward is sent to Wallingford Castle. Richard of Cornwall and Prince Edward, King Henry III's son (later Edward I) are held prisoner here by Simon de Montfort. Robert Walerand and Robert Baffingbourn, governors of Bristol, come with an army and rescue them, despite a threat to catapult Edward out of the castle on a war machine, but they are recaptured. Edward is moved to Kenilworth and escapes the following year.

1265

Henry III's victory at Evesham means that the castle is restored to Richard of Cornwall.

1267 Henry III grants a charter to Wallingford - it notes that the death penalty for certain crimes can be avoided by having the eyes put out.  
1269 Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby is imprisoned at Wallingford Castle by Henry de Alemain until released by Richard of Cornwall's son Edmund.
 
 

1272

With the death of Richard, the Castle passes to his son, Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, who brings his bride to Wallingford and holds a great feast for the nobility.

Reconstruction of Richard of Wallingford's astronomical clock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

1276

Edward I visits Edmund at Wallingford.

1278

The charter of foundation for St Nicholas's College is granted by Edmund.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Witnesses say that Edmund is present at Wallingford at Pentecost, and a flock of more than thirty crows, doves, and starlings appear outside the windows of his chapel while Thomas of Hereford recites the hymn Veni Creator Spiritus. This is later used as evidence to support Thomas's canonisation.
 

The coroners' rolls for Wallingford begin.

Birth of Richard of Wallingford, abbot of St Albans - son of a blacksmith. He designed a complex astronomical clock, which was constructed at St Albans,  though later destroyed.

Prisoners from Henry III's campaign are sent to Wallingford Castle under Edmund's charge.

 

 

 

 

 

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