The primary goal for Firewise Landscaping is fuel
reduction—limiting the level of flammable vegetation and materials surrounding
the home and increasing the moisture content of remaining vegetation. Consider
the entire “home ignition zone” which extends up to 200ft from your home. Assess
your landscaping to ensure that it is LEAN, CLEAN and GREEN!
Zone: 1 (30ft from house)
This area should be well-irrigated and free from fuels that may
ignite your home, such as dry vegetation, clutter and debris.
should be low-growing and free of resins, oils and waxes that burn easily.
- Mow the
lawn regularly. Prune all trees so
the lowest limbs are at least 6-10 ft from ground.
conifer trees should be spaced 30ft between crowns in order to reduce risk
of crown fire.
5ft of home, use nonflammable landscaping materials, such as rock, pavers,
annuals, and high-moisture content perennials. Remove dead leaves and stems
dead vegetation, such as leaves and pine needles from gutters, under your
deck, and within 10ft from your home.
Be sure to keep this area clean of flammable debris.
fire-resistant material for things such as patio furniture, swing sets,
etc…keep patio cushions inside the house when not in use during periods of
high fire potential.
stacks and propane tanks should not be located in this area. Keep them at least 30ft from the home.
plants and trees regularly to ensure that they are healthy and green,
especially during the fire season. Mulch should also be kept watered, as
it can become flammable when dry.
fire-resistant and low irrigation planting, such as agave, cactus, lavender,
Zone: 2 (30-100ft from home)
should be low-growing, well-irrigated and less flammable
trees so branches and leaves are at least 6-10 ft above ground. Remove heavy accumulations of woody
yourself added protection with “fuel breaks”, such as driveways, gravel
walkways and lawns
a mixture of deciduous and coniferous trees. Most deciduous trees do not support
30ft between clusters of 2-3 trees, or 20ft between individual trees.
Zone: 3 (100-200ft from home)
high-hazard areas, remove heavy accumulation of woody debris. Reduce density of tall trees so canopies
are not touching to reduce the ability for high-intensity crown fire to
reach your home
If you have any questions, please email Firewise@waldenwoods.org.