There are two types of hydric soils at Watchic Pond: Scarboro sandy loam (So) and Sebago mucky peat (Sp). Scarboro sandy loam is dark organic soil that is saturated year round. The soil is considered to be organic and is a dark to black color (National Cooperative Soil Survey, 2000). They also tend to be clays and organic material. The hydric soils occur throughout the entire pond and in a few wetlands surrounding the pond. The soils in the wetland were mucky/organic materials on the edges of the wetlands (which would normally be covered in water). The surface of the soils was saturated. The mucky/organic soils were dark brown to black with a large amount of organic build up consisting of leaves, dead wood and other material. Closer to the mouth of the pond and wetland opening the soils were sand.
The plants are all still leafless and have not started new growth for the season. The only plants that could be found are the shrubs, that had a few leaves still attached from last growing season, and trees. The vegetation at site one (the south end inlet) had an abundant amount of Leather Leaf on the banks of the wetland where it had little to no inundation. Just before the wetland (in between the change from the pond to the wetland) there was a large patch of cattails. In the shallow areas and directly on the coast of the water was Spike Rush along with Sphagnum moss. There were a few types of deciduous trees including Paper Birch and Sugar Maple but the wetland was dominated by white pines and other conifers.
In the second wetland at the north end of the lake many of the same vegetation was found including Leather Leaf, White Pine and Paper Birch. Other species that were found were: Water Lily, Eastern Hemlock and Red Maple. From prior visits to Watchic Pond during the summer there is much more variety of plants with a lot of green and new growth. Other plants that are found in Watchic Pond and the wetlands surrounding the pond include: Bur-reed, Floating Leaf Pipwort, Pondweed, Ribbon-leaf Spatterdock and Needle Stonewort (Bradburry, D., Drew, D., 2008).
Table 1. The vegetation found in the wetlands at Watchic Pond, Standish, ME
Visiting the wetland
Watchic pond is considered to be a private lake which can only be accessed by lake front owners. There is, however, public access at Kiwanis Beach which is family friendly. At Kiwanis Beach there is a roped off area for swimming, a large beach, picnic tables and a concession stand. It is very popular in the summer. Kiwanis Beach is off of route 25 in Standish, ME.
Bradburry, D., Drew, D., 2008. Maine Volunteer Lake Monitoring Program. <(http://www.mainevlmp.org/wp/db/LakeInfo.php?MIDAS=5040&NativeList=Yes>.
Google Earth. Watchic Pond, Standish, Maine. Feb. 13, 2012
Lakes of Maine. “Watchic Pond”. 13 Feb. 2012. <http://www.lakesofmaine.org/>.
Maine Department of Environmental Protection (2005) “Nonpoint Source Management Program Annual Report 2004,” Document # DEPLW0701 2005. Augusta: MDEP. <http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/uploads/14097/2000- 18%20Watchic%20Lake.pdf>.
National Cooperative Soil Survey U.S.A “SEBAGO SERIES” Feb 2000. <https://soilseries.sc.egov.usda.gov/OSD_Docs/S/SEBAGO.html>
The Maine Department of Environmental Protection (1974-2005) “Water Quality: Watchic Pond” <http://www.mainevolunteerlakemonitors.org/2009 LakeReports/5040.pdf>.
Watchic Lake Association. (2012) < http://www.watchiclake.org/index.php>.
Wetland information and photos by Ashley Oddy, Biology Department, Graduating 2012.
Last updated on 25 April 2012 by A.O.
Welcome to Watchic Pond!
Watchic Pond in Standish, Maine is a beautiful wetland filled with things to do. The pond is located between route 25 and 113 in Standish. It is surrounded by homes, camps and has a public access at Kiwannis Beach. Boating, swimming, kayaking are some of the many activities that the people love to do at Watchic. Watchic pond and its connecting wetlands are filled with wildlife including multiple loons, which reside in the pond each year, and much more wildlife. The wetlands (the inlets) are very important for the ecosystem at Watchic. They serve as protection for the loons, and many other animals, to nest, and they feed the pond with water. The two wetlands are considered to be freshwater forested/shrub wetland (NWI and the Maine Natural Communities website).
Both the Sp and So soils are class D. Class D soils show no flooding, frequent ponding, and high runoff. Sebago mucky peat is an area of slow water runoff and is saturated year round. There is no flooding in the area of interest of Watchic Pond. The lack of flooding frequencies is probably due to the dam controlling the water levels throughout the year. There are a few frequent ponding areas within the scarboro sandy loam (So) and sebago mucky peat (Sp) areas.
The 182.51 hectare pond is spring fed (Watchic Lake in Standish, 2010.). The pond has an outlet controlled by a dam, which is controlled by the lake association. The pond empties into the Saco River through the stream controlled by the dam. The outlet is called Watchic Brook. There are two inlets. The water quality is average with moderate to high algal blooms. There are low amounts of dissolved oxygen, which threatens the water quality and the cold-water fish (Lakes of Maine, 2012).
Cattails, Paper Birch and Leather Leaf
Wildlife and other interesting facts
There were no animals or amphibians around during my visit except for one small fish spotted swimming by. Once the weather warms there is a large variety of amphibians and other animals. There are many loons, fish, birds and turtles that live on the lake. There is a loon watch to keep count of the loons on Watchic Pond. There are normally upwards of 6 loons on the lake. There are also many types of fish including bass.
Watchic Lake Association:
The Watchic Lake Association is the main management of the pond and surrounding wetlands. The association helps protect and improve the wetland and entire ecosystem. The association’s website has information on projects, events and the quality of the pond as a whole (Watchic Lake Association. 2012).
Projects around the pond:
There is a water quality-monitoring project for Watchic Pond, which has had data collected since 1974. The data found that Watchic Pond is a non-colored lake, the dissolved oxygen was depleted and the algae blooms are moderate to high (The Maine Department of Environmental Protection). In response to the findings that Watchic Pond was in danger of declining water quality, a project to help fix the water quality was carried out. In 2005, there was a demonstration project done by a number of clubs and companies, which addressed the decreasing levels of dissolved oxygen and the moderate to high algal blooms from a highly developed shoreline and high recreational use. The project achieved this by improving the runoff. Over all 12 erosion sites were fixed and they estimated that the project eliminated 38 tons of sediment per year that would have gone into the wetland (Maine Department of Environmental Protection).