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Vipera kaznakovi Nikolsky, 1909 - Kaznakov's viper, caucasian viper.
Way of life:
The active period is from the end of March till November. In mountain area vipers finish wintering later, than at the Black Sea coast when the air temperature above the ground surface reaches + 13 – 16 C. Begins wintering in mountain part of the area earlier. Activity in a day time, with two well expressed maximums.
Vipera kaznakovi is a relic viper of the western Caucasus.
- the Malaja Laba river gorge, the Achishkho mount
Vipera kaznakovi - Kaznakov's viper, caucasian viper.
N.B., Borkin L.Ya., Darevsky I.S., Orlov N.L., 1998. [Encyclopedy of
The Russian Nature: Amphibians and Reptiles]. Moscow, ABF publishing,
351 pp. (In Russian)
Ananjeva, N.B., Orlov N.L., Khalikov R.G., Darevsky, I.S., Rjabov S.A., Barabanov A.V. 2004. [Atlas of Reptiles of Northern Eurasia], "Ivan Fedorov" Print, St. Pererbourg, Russia, 230 pp.(In Russian)
Orlov N.L. & B.S. Tuniyev, 1986. [present ranges, possible ways of their formation and phylogeny of the tree species of vipers from Eurosiberic group (V. kaznakowi complex) in the Caucasus]. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute, USSR Academy of Sciences, Leningrad, 157:104-135. (In Russian).
Vedmederja V.I., 1984 [Range, variability and pecularities of ecology of the Caucasus viper]. Pp 8-9. In Species and its Productivity in the Habitat. Part V. Questions of herpetology, Sverdlovsk. (In Russian).
Vedmederja V.I., N.L. Orlov and B.S. Tuniyev, 1986.[On the taxonomy of three viper species of Vipera kaznakowi complex]. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute, Leningrad 157:55-61. (In Russian).