Biology Threshold Learning Outcomes (BTLOs)

We have developed a set of Biology Threshold Learning Outcomes (BTLOs) articulating the key concepts and competencies (knowledge and skills) of biology graduates. These BTLOs are based on the Science TLOs developed by Brian Yates and Sue Jones for the LTAS project.

Upon completion of a bachelor degree or major in biology, graduates will:
Understanding biology
 1.1  Demonstrate a coherent understanding of biology by articulating the methods of biology and explaining why current biological knowledge is both contestable and testable through further inquiry.
 1.2  Demonstrate a coherent understanding of biology by explaining the role and relevance of biology in society.
 1.3  Recognise that biological knowledge has been acquired by curiosity and creativity and demonstrate creativity in thinking and problem solving.
 1.4  Recognise and appreciate the significant role of biodiversity in sustaining life on our planet.
Biological knowledge
 2.1  Exhibit depth and breadth of biological knowledge by demonstrating a well-developed understanding of identified core concepts in biology.

 2.2  Exhibit depth and breadth of biological knowledge by demonstrating that these ‘core concepts’ have interdisciplinary connections both within science and other disciplines.
Inquiry and problem solving
 3.1  Gather, synthesise and critically evaluate information about biological phenomena from a range of sources.
 3.2  Critically analyse observations of biological phenomena by creating and developing models and proposing and testing hypotheses.
 3.3  Design and conduct field, laboratory-based or virtual biological experiments.
 3.4  Select and apply practical and/or theoretical techniques.

 3.5  Collect, accurately record, interpret, analyse, and draw conclusions from biological data.

 4  Effectively synthesise and communicate biological results using a range of modes (oral, written, and visual) for a variety of purposes and audiences.
Personal and professional responsibility
 5.1  Be accountable for their own learning and biological work by being independent and self-directed learners.

 5.2  Work effectively, responsibly and safely in individual and peer or team contexts.

 5.3  Demonstrate knowledge of the regulatory frameworks and ethical principles relevant to their sub-disciplinary area within biology and apply these in practice.