Integration of vulnerable groups, focused on the transition from school to vocation or world of work



Educational and vocational research shows that there are considerable numbers of adolescents and young adults in the European member states who are failing to make the transition from school to vocational education and training, or to the world of work. However, there are major regional differences between and within the individual countries. At the same time, there is substantial demand for skilled people in the labour market.

In many European countries, the formal education systems, e.g. schools, have made considerable progress in meeting the demand for integrative education and training concepts, but there is a lack of concepts and systems targeting vulnerable groups and in particular, migrants, refugees, asylum seekers and other minorities who are often subjected to discrimination. 

The goal of this project was to identify problems in the transition to the world of vocational education and training or to the world of work, and to develop an “index of integration” for targeted local and regional planning of education and training which takes account of social aspects and enables young adults in precarious situations to gain access. 

Educational and vocational research shows that the


Running time: August 2013 – July 2015


Participating organisations were from:

  • Germany

  • Ireland

  • Bulgaria

  • Turkey

  • Finland



Maren Gag

passage Ltd.

Nagelsweg 10

20097 Hamburg

Phone: +49 40 24 19 27 85

Email: maren.gag@passage-hamburg.de

Prof. Dr. Joachim Schroeder

Hamburg University

Sedanstraße 19

20146 Hamburg

Phone: +49 40 42838-6554

Email: Joachim.Schroeder@uni-hamburg.de


Nasc, the Irish Immigrant Support Centre,

Ferry Lane, Off Dominic Street Cork, Ireland

Tel: +353 21 450 3462

Web: http://www.nascireland.org

Email: info@nascireland.org


Vaasan ammattiopisto- Vasa yrkesinstitut

(Vaasa Vocational Institute)

Katarina Sandbacka

Head of department

Support for vocational learning

Student welfare services and international affairs

Ruutikellarintie 2

65100 Vaasa, Finland



Emine Ucar-Ilbuga

Akdeniz University

Faculty of Communication


Email: ucarilbuga@akdeniz.edu.tr


Teodora Genova, PhD student

Bulgarian Comparative Education Society

69 A Shipchenski prohod blvd.

1574 Sofia Bulgaria

e-mail: teodora.genova@gmail.com

mobile +359890325565

Marina Bakalova, PhD, Associated professor

Bulgarian Comparative Education Society,

BLVD Shipchenski prohod 69 A, 1574 Sofia,

Tel. +359 877 59 80 92

Email: marina.bakalova@gmail.com